Place:Chile

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NameChile
Alt namesChilisource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) p 117
Republic of Chilesource: Wikipedia
República de Chilesource: Britannica Book of the Year (1991) p 573; Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 583
TypeCountry
Coordinates30°S 71°W
Contained Places
Inhabited place
Coyhaique
Gran Valparaíso
Puerto Toro
Region
Aisén ( 1974 - )
Antofagasta ( 1974 - )
Araucanía
Atacama ( 1974 - )
Bío-Bío ( 1974 - )
Coquimbo ( 1929 - )
Los Lagos ( 1974 - )
Magallanes-Antártica ( 1974 - )
Maule ( 1974 - )
O'Higgins ( 1974 - )
Santiago ( 1974 - )
Tarapacá ( 1974 - )
Valparaíso ( 1974 - )
Unknown
Cuyo
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Chile ( or ), officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island. Chile also claims about of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.

Chile's northern desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.

Spain conquered and settled Chile in the mid-16th century effectively replacing Inca rule in northern and central Chile but failed to conquer the independent Mapuche that inhabited south-central Chile. After declaring its independence from Spain in 1818, Chile emerged in the 1830s as a relatively stable authoritarian republic. In the 19th century Chile experienced significant economic and territorial growth ending Mapuche resistance in the 1880s and gaining its current northern territory in the War of the Pacific (1879–83) after defeating Peru and Bolivia. In the late 1960s and early 1970s the country experienced severe left-right political polarization and turmoil. This development culminated with the 1973 Chilean coup d'état that overthrew Salvador Allende's left-wing government and instituted a 16-year-long right-wing military dictatorship that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing.[1] The dictatorship headed by Augusto Pinochet ended in 1990 after it lost a referendum in 1988 and was succeeded by a centre-left coalition which ruled through four presidencies until 2010.

Today Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations.[1] It leads Latin American nations in human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, state of peace, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption. It also ranks high regionally in sustainability of the state, and democratic development. In May 2010, Chile became the first South American nation to join the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Chile is a founding member of the United Nations, the Union of South American Nations and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States.

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How places in Chile are organized

All places in Chile

Further information on historical place organization in Chile

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Chile. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.