- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia
Chelsea is an affluent area in central Greater London, bounded to the south by the River Thames. Its frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge along the Chelsea Embankment, Cheyne Walk, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour. Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which now flows in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and Brompton, but it is safe to say that the area north of King's Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea. The football club Chelsea F.C. has its ground in the neighbouring London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.
The district has been since 1965 part of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. From 1900, and until the creation of Greater London in 1965, it formed the Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea in the County of London.
Earlier local civil administration
During the 19th century the body charged with the administration of Chelsea (then in [[Place:Middlesex, England|Middlesex) was known, as in most other parts of central London, as the "vestry". According to Wikipedia it was "the committee for secular and church government for a parish which met in the vestry of the parish church, and consequently became known colloquially as the 'vestry'". In addition to the vestry there was the Chelsea London Sanitary District which dealt basically with sewerage and street cleaning and the Chelsea Poor Law Inspectors of the Parish (who existed from 1837 until 1930). The Poor Law Inspectors were closely allied to the organization of the Registration District responsible for civil registration of births, marriages and deaths and also for the decadenal census collections. A list of the registration districts for Chelsea will be found under Middlesex and London in "Registration Districts in London" and "Registration Districts in Middlesex" as referenced below.
- the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia
The ancient parish of Chelsea, was originally dedicated to All Saints, but by the late 17th century it had been rededicated to St. Luke. It was in the Diocese of London. In 1824 a new parish church, also dedicated to St. Luke, was built in the centre of the parish, and the original parish church became a chapel-at-ease known as All Saints, Chelsea or Chelsea Old Church. From 1831, as the population of Chelsea increased, a number of new parishes were formed:
- Holy Trinity, Upper Chelsea in 1831
- St. Saviour, Upper Chelsea in 1840
- St. Jude, Upper Chelsea in 1844, (merged into Holy Trinity, Upper Chelsea in 1892)
- All Saints, Chelsea (Chelsea Old Church) voluntarily took care of certain streets from 1855, became a separate parish in 1951
- Park Chapel, Chelsea Park in c.1855, (renamed Emmanuel, Chelsea Park in 1906; then St. Andrew, Chelsea Park in 1912)
- St. Simon Zelotes, Upper Chelsea in 1859
- Christ Church, Chelsea in 1860
- St. John, Chelsea World's End in 1877
Parish registers for these churches may contain information of interest. In all cases the general place reference should be Chelsea. All these churches have been redirected here.
In the detached part of Chelsea parish, around the hamlet of Kensal Green (sometimes called Kensal Town) and now in the London Borough of Brent, a number of new parishes were also formed:
- St. John the Evangelist, Kensal Green in 1845 with parts of Kensington, Paddington, Hammersmith and Willesden
- St. Luke the Evangelist, Kensal Green in 1877 with parts of Holy Trinity, Kilburn
- St. Jude, Kensal Green in 1879
These churches have been redirected to Kensal Green.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Chelsea, London. This is a history of the people who lived in Chelsea and the institutions located there, e.g.Chelsea Royal Hospital for retired soldiers.
Greater London Research Tips
- See wiki.familysearch.org under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
- The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London.
- GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (This list is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website.)
- GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
- The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
- London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
- London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
- The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
- Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet.
- A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 12, Chelsea from the Victoria County History Series provided by British History Online, published 2004.