The village is historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire.
Prior to the nationwide municipal reorganization of 1974, Castle Bolton was located in Leyburn Rural District. Historically, it was located in the ecclesiastical parish of Wensley in the Hang West Wapentake.
Castle Bolton was part of the civil parish formally and formerly known as "Castle Bolton with East and West Bolton". Vision of Britain now refers to it simply as "Castle Bolton".