Anderlues is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. On January 1, 2006 Anderlues had a total population of 11,578. The total area is 17.02 km² which gives a population density of 680 inhabitants per km². Its postcode is 6150.
On December 1st 1983, a local jewellery store was robbed by the Nijvel gang. Some low-value jewels were stolen. Two people were killed. It was the gang's last robbery before going silent for one year.