Albemarle County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 98,970. Its county seat is Charlottesville, which is an independent city enclave entirely surrounded by the county.
Albemarle County is part of the Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
At the time of European encounter, the inhabitants of the area that became Albemarle County were a Siouan-speaking tribe called the Saponi. In 1744, the Virginia General Assembly created Albemarle County by taking the northern portion of Goochland County. The county was named in honor of Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle and titular Governor of Virginia at the time. The large county was divided in 1761, forming Buckingham and Amherst counties, at which time the county seat was moved from the formerly central Scottsville to a piece of newly central land, christened Charlottesville.
Albemarle County is well known for its association with President and Founding Father Thomas Jefferson, who was born in the county at Shadwell, though it was then part of Goochland County. However, his home of Monticello is located in the county.
Note: Charlottesville city, formed from Albemarle County.