Place:Buckingham, Virginia, United States

Watchers
NameBuckingham
Alt namesBuckinghamsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates37.55°N 78.567°W
Located inVirginia, United States     (1761 - )
See alsoAppomattox, Virginia, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Buckingham County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,146. Its county seat is Buckingham.

The geographic center of Virginia is located in Buckingham County.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Buckingham County, lying south of the James River at the geographic center of the state, was established on May 1, 1761 from the southeastern portion of Albemarle County. The origin of the county name probably comes from the Duke of Buckingham (Buckinghamshire, England). Some sources say that the county was named for Archibald Cary's estate "Buckingham" which was located on Willis Creek. This is the only Buckingham County in the United States.

In 1778 a small triangular area bordering the James River was given to Cumberland County. In 1845, another part was taken from Buckingham to form the northern portion of Appomattox County. A final adjustment of the Appomattox-Buckingham county line was made in 1860 and Buckingham's borders then became fixed in their current form. A fire destroyed the courthouse (designed by Thomas Jefferson) in 1869 and most of the early records of this county were lost. In the nineteenth century the county was devoted chiefly to large farms, which converted from tobacco cultivation to mixed farming and pulpwood harvesting. Large tracts of land belong to companies such as WestVaco that sell pulpwood and other timber products to the paper mills and wood product producers. It is still largely rural with areas devoted to great recreation such as fishing and hunting. The County is home to families that can trace their ancestry back to the very early beginnings of Virginia History. Many families still live on tracts of land that were given to their families as land grants. These land grants were originally given to French Huguenots who first settled the south western part of the county in the early 1700s.

Lee’s army marched through the county during Lee’s retreat on their way to Appomattox, Virginia. A marker in the cemetery of Trinity Presbyterian Church in New Canton reads, "According to the oral history of Trinity Presbyterian Church and this community, here are 45 Confederate and Union soldiers buried in mass graves directly behind this church. they left Appomattox after the surrender and headed for their homes north of here. Sick with disease, they died in a nearby camp. That they may not be forgotten, this plaque is placed by the Elliott Grays UDC Chapter #1877 2003"

In 2011, the county celebrated its 250th Anniversary.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1761 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1762 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1784 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1850 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1867 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1868 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1869 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 9,779
1800 13,389
1810 20,059
1820 17,569
1830 18,351
1840 18,786
1850 13,837
1860 15,212
1870 13,371
1880 15,540
1890 14,383
1900 15,266
1910 15,204
1920 14,885
1930 13,315
1940 13,398
1950 12,288
1960 10,877
1970 10,597
1980 11,751
1990 12,873

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Buckingham County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.