Person:Sophia of Hanover (1)

Facts and Events
Name Sophia of Hanover
Alt Name Sophia van de Palts
Alt Name Sophie von der Pfalz
Gender Female
Birth[1] 14 Oct 1630 's-Gravenhage, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
Marriage 30 SEP 1658 Heidelberg, Baden, Germanyto Ernest Augustus , Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Death[1] 8 Jun 1714 Herrenhausen, Hannover, Preußen, Germany

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sophia of the Palatinate (commonly referred to as Sophia of Hanover; 14 October 1630 – 8 June 1714) was the Electress of Hanover from 1692 to 1698. She was also an heiress to the crowns of England (later in union with the Kingdom of Scotland known as Great Britain) and Ireland. She was declared heiress presumptive to Queen Anne by the Act of Settlement 1701, which was passed by the English parliament, and therefore only applied to the Kingdom of England (which included Wales) and the Kingdom of Ireland. A few years later, the Kingdom of Scotland agreed to accept the Hanoverian succession for the new single throne of a new country, the Kingdom of Great Britain that Scotland and England had agreed to unite as, and which came into being under the Acts of Union, 1707. Sophia, a granddaughter of James VI and I, died less than two months before she would have become queen; her claim to the thrones passed on to her eldest son, George Louis, Elector of Hanover, who ascended them as George I on 1 August 1714 (Old Style).

Born to Frederick V, Elector Palatine, and Elizabeth Stuart, in 1630, Sophia grew up in the Dutch Republic, where her family had sought refuge after the sequestration of their Electorate during the Thirty Years' War. Sophia's brother Charles Louis was, as part of the Peace of Westphalia, restored to the Palatinate. Sophia married Ernest Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg in 1658. Despite his jealous tempers and frequent absences, Sophia loved him, and bore him seven children who survived to adulthood. Initially a landless cadet, Ernest Augustus succeeded in having the House of Hanover raised to electoral dignity in 1692. Therefore, Sophia became Electress of Hanover, the title by which she is best-remembered. A patroness of the arts, Sophia commissioned the palace and gardens of Herrenhausen and sponsored philosophers, such as Gottfried Leibniz and John Toland.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Sophia of Hanover, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Sophie Dorothea Prinzessin von der Pfalz, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.