Facts and Events
Robert Gwin, Sr. was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Robert Gwin, probably arrived in Virginia on the Walpoole with Capt. James Patton, John Preston, and their families. See Rootsweb
Robert Gwin was not from Wales. This is a misconception published in the later half of the 20th century by George Washington Cleek in Early Western Augusta Pioneers (1957) and copied by Jesse Blaine Gwin in his History of the Gwin Family (1961). The earliest family tradition dating back to the 19th century is that the Gwins of the Calfpasture River came from Ireland as indicated by David Graham's History of the Graham Family (1899).
An Irish origin for Robert Gwin, Sr. is also confirmed by recent Y-DNA testing of six of his descendants who tested positive for the mutation M222 which occurs most frequently in the northwest of Ireland. See Y-DNA results P11a at FTDNA
1744 Plat of Calfpasture Settlement;
Col. James Patton's 1744 Plat of the Calfpasture Settlement shows Lot 16, 544 acres, assigned to Robert Gwin. Original map is in the Lyman Draper Collection, Wisconsin Historical Society
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
NOTE: Augusta County was formed in 1738, but county records were handled in Orange County until 1745.
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
NOTE: Chalkley often transcribes the name Gwin as Givens. Because of the contextual references to the 544 acres on the Great River of the Calfpasture, and references to identifiable neighbors of Robert Gwin, it is known that the following records refer to Robert Gwin, and not Robert Given(s):
Part of this land was again sold in the following transaction:
NOTE: Again, the surname was often transcribed as Givin or Givens, but these all relate to Robert Gwin, Sr. of the Calfpasture:
m. abt 1739, Wales
Robert Gwin Sr. b. 1720, Wales d. aft 17 May 1785, Calf Pasture, Augusta, VA occ. Constable at head of great Calfpasture
Jane "Jean" Kincaid
b. 1720, Albemarle County, VA
d. 1800, Calf Pasture, Augusta, VA
ParisTimes Pioneers Robert Gwin Robert Gwin -- progenitor of this branch of the GWIN Family, came to Virginia before 1744. he was bron in Orange County, Wales. In 1746 he was appointed Constable at the head of the Great Calfpasture River in Augusta County, Virginia. (source: Abstracts from the Records of Augusta County, Virginia, Lyman Chalkley, Vol. I, pg 18.)
Robert Gwin was allowed a certificate for land as a result of military services, which show he participated in the early Colonial Wars in Captain Wm. Preston's Company of Rangers, 1758. (Ibid., Vol. I, pg 212.)
In 1744, he bought 544 acres of land lying on both sides of the Calfpasture River from James patton and John Lewis. In 1762, for five shillings, he deeded to his son, Robert Gwin, Jr., 241 acres of land. Robert Gwin married Jean (Jane) Kincaid, daughter of David Kincaid and Winnifred (Unknown) of Albemarle County, Virginia. (Note: based upon Jane Kincaid's probable birthdate, she is too old to have been a daughter of David Kincaid and Winnifred Hobson, although it is possible that she could be a sister of David. More research is necessary to determine her parentage).
Robert Gwin had three brothers: John Gwin (wife Alice Unknown); William Gwin; Patrick Gwin (wife Janet Unknown). (source: abstracts from records of Augusta County, Virginia, Lyman Chalkley, Vol. III, pg 526 and 533.)
Children of Robt. Gwin:
His will ws dated August 17, 1817 and recorded October 1817 in Will Book 2, pg 156, Bath County, Virginia. It mentions wife, Mary Gwin; sons, John, Moses, Robert, Wm. Kincaid, and Joseph Gwin; granddaughters, Sarah, Elizabeth, Mary, Margaret, and Jean Stuart; daughter, Elizabeth and Anderew Kinkead. Executors - Joseph, John, and Moses Gwin. Witnesses were Charles Erwin, James Stewart, and James Stewart, Jr.
Children of Joseph Gwin:
John Gwin - married Mary (Pickens) Callahan, widow of William Callahan. Joseph Gwin Moses Gwin Mary Elizabeth Gwin William Kinkead Gwin Robert Gwin Elizabeth Gwin - married 1/7/1812, Bath County, Virginia, Andrew Kincaid, son of Thomas Kincaid and Isabell (nee) Kincaid. Jane Gwin - married 12/15/1795, John Law. (source: Ibid., Vol. II, pg 318) Virginia Gwin - married William Stuart David Gwin - son of Robert Gwin and Jean Kincaid, was born in 1742 in Orange County, Wales; died in 1822 at Clover Creek, Highland county, Virginia; married (1) in 1768 Jane Carlile, born 11/26/1746; died 1787 and was buried on Jackson River, BAth County (now Highland County, Virginia), dau. of James Carlile, Jr. and Rachel Campbell; married (2) 11/11/1790, Viola (Violet) Crawford, vuried at Clover Creek, Highland County, Virginia, dau. of William Carwford and Margaret Henderson of Dry Branch of Jackson River near Mustoe, Highland County, Virginia. (Ibid., Vol. II, pg 288 gives marrieage bond for his second marriage).
Augusta County records show that David Gwin purchsed the farm of John Peoples, Sr. from his two sons, John and Thomas Peoples in 1805. John and Thomas Peoples moved to Kentucky and Missouri respectfully. This land was originally patented by Captain Wallace Estill in 1746 and John Peoples, Sr. purchased it in 1772 fromCaptain Wallace Estill.
David Gwin served as Lieutenant and Captain in the Revolutionary War. He commanded a company at the battle of Guilford Court House. (Ibid., Vol. I, pg 199 and 204; Vol. II, pg 494 and 495; A History of Highland County, Oren F. Morton, pg 193 and 222; Annals of Bath County, Virginia, Oren F. Morton, pg 95 and 96; Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary WAr, J. T. McAllister, Sectins 33, 58, 76, 92 and 253; Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, Jos. A. Waddell, pg 281; and Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, John H. Gwathmey, pg 334).
The south branch valley chapter of the Virginia Daughters of the American Revolution placed a memorial marker over his grave, together with a government marker on August 14, 1936. The government marker was secured through the efforts of Geo. W. Cleek, Staunton, Virginia, a descendant of Captain David Gwin.