Facts and Events
Jacob Varner was the son of Alexander Varner and Eunice Johnson of North Carolina. Jacob was born in Salem, North Carolina about 1839. Jacob married Louisiana Bracken on 12 November 1863 in Shelby County, Indiana. Jacob had at least six children, three of which died as children.
Jacob was 5 feet, 8-1/2 inches to 6 feet tall, with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and dark brown hair.
It's known that before 1861 and the outbreak of the Civil War, Jacob was a brakeman on the railroad. According to the 1870 Federal Census (Shelby County, Indiana), and his invalid pension application, he was a laborer after the war.
Jacob served in several outfits during the Civil War. He enlisted in Company I, 27th Indiana Infantry, the Warren Union Guards, on 1 Sep 1861 and served under Captain Joel McGrew and Captain Tighlman Nance. He was discharged on 26 Oct 1862 to serve in Company C of the 1st Engineer Battalion, U.S. Corps of Engineers under 2nd Lt. George L. Gillespie (later Chief of Engineers and Acting Secretary of War). He enlisted in the 1st Engineer Battalion on 27 Oct 1862 in Sandy Hook, Maryland. On 28 Nov 1862, Jacob was with the 1st Engineers at the Rappahannock River after the Bristoe campaign. While carrying a pontoon in the construction of the bridge across the Rappahannock between Falmouth and Fredericksburg, VA, he suffered from an inguinal hernia, and received a medical discharge by 4 Apr 1863. The resulting hernia evidently affected him for the rest of his life. He returned to Shelbyville, Indiana where he married Louisiana Bracken on 12 November 1863. In January 1865, he returned to service as a Private in Company I, 16th Indiana Mounted Infantry, and Company B, 13th Indiana Cavalry. He was mustered out of the 13th Cavalry on 30 Nov 1865. The designation Co. I 1" U.S. Vet. found on some documents probably indicates Company I, 1st Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps (Organized at Convalescent Camp, VA, 1 Sep 1863. AKA 39th Co., 2nd Battalion).
1840 Federal Census, Randolph County, North Carolina
White males: Under 5: 1, 20-30: 1
White females: Under 5: 2, 20-30: 1
Persons in Agriculture: 1
Persons over 20 who cannot read and write: 2
Notes on 1840 Census
Ages for the family would be: Alexander, about 27; Eunice, about 25; Louisa 4; Jacob 1; possibly Matilda as an infant under 1.
Living next to Andrew Varner (p.109, line 3, age 40-49), Susannah Varner (line 4, age 20-29), and William Varner (line 5, age about 47). Alexander was on line 6, age 20-29.
These three were children of John Varner (son of John Adam Varner and possibly the grandson of Johannes “Hans” Adam Varner.
1850 Federal Census, Davidson County, North Carolina
29 453 459 VARNER ALEXANDER 37 M FARMER NC
30 453 459 VARNER EUNICE 35 F NC X
31 453 459 VARNER LOUISA 14 F NC X
32 453 459 VARNER JACOB 11 M NC X
33 453 459 VARNER MATILDA 9 F NC X
34 453 459 VARNER ERASTUS 5 M NC
35 453 459 VARNER CINTHIA 2 F NC
36 453 459 VARNER ALFRED 1 M NC
1860 Federal Census, Putnam County, Indiana
3 391 391 Alex Varner, 47, M, $300 value personal estate, b. North Carolina, cannot read and write
4 391 391 Eunice Varner, 45, F, b. North Carolina, cannot read and write
5 391 391 Jacob Varner, 21, M, , Farm Laborer, b. North Carolina
6 391 391 Erastus Varner, 14, M, b. North Carolina
7 391 391 Cynthia Varner, 11, F, b. North Carolina
8 391 391 Minerva J. Varner, 9, F, b. North Carolina
9 391 391 Aaron Varner, 7, F, b. Indiana
1870 Federal Census, Shelby County, Indiana
36 160 160 Varner Jacob, 36 , M, W, Laborer, b. North Carolina
37 160 160 Varner Louiza, 28, F, W, Keeping House, b. Indiana
38 160 160 Varner William, 6, M, W, At Home, b. Indiana
39 160 160 Varner Alice, 4, F, W, At Home, b. Indiana
40 160 160 Varner Charles, 1, M, W, At Home, b. Indiana
Notes on 1870 Census
Previous census records as well pension records saying he was 25 in 1865, indicate that Jacob was born in 1839 or 1840. He would have been about 31 in 1870, not 36.
1880 Federal Census, Clay County, Indiana
Jacob Warner, b. North Carolina, 44, Farming, Married, White, head of household, father b. NC, mother b. NC
Louisiana Warner, b. Indiana, 32, Keeping House, Married, White, wife, father b. KY, mother b. NC
Docia Warner, b. Indiana, 13, At Home, Single, White, daughter, father b. NC, mother b. IN
Charles E. Warner, b. Indiana, 11, At Home, Single, White, son, father b. NC, mother b. IN
Albert Warner, b. Indiana, 6, Single, White, son, father b. NC, mother b. IN
Notes on 1880 Census
The transcript has Warner rather than Varner. Again, Jacob's age seems off. He should have been about 41, not 44. In addition, Louisiana was 28 in the previous census, and only 32 here, a four year difference for a ten year period.
According to Jacob's widow in her statement related to his war pension, Jacob died on 10 Apr 1881 in Saline City, Indiana from lung disease, probably pneumonia, associated with the measles.
Jacob is buried in the Moss (or Ashboro) Cemetery in Ashboro, Clay County, Indiana.
- ↑ Marriage Index record, in WPA Index, Shelby County, Marriages 1856-1920, Book 8, p. 203.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Certificate of Disability for Discharge, in Jacob Varner Certificate of Disability for Discharge 1863, 8 Apr 1863, Primary quality.
Discharge papers from Corps of Engineers for Jacob Varner.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Declaration of Original Invalid Pension, in Jacob Varner Declaration Of Original Invalid Pension 1879, 12 Jun 1879 , Primary quality.
First application for a pension due to injury while in the military.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Widow's claim for Jacob's pension, in Jacob Varner Widows Claim For Pension 1882, 20 Jun 1882, Primary quality.
- Marriage license report, in Jacob Varner Marriage License and Report for Pension 1882, 20 Jun 1882, Primary quality.
Marriage date was 12 Nov 1863.
- Henry Endsley and Absalom Arnold affidavit, in Jacob Varner Pension Affidavit Endsley and Arnold, 12 Mar 1883, Primary quality.
First affidavit regarding Jacob on behalf of his widow.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Affidavit by Alice Varner, in Jacob Varner Minor Pension Affidavit Alice No1, 1 Jan 1900, Primary quality.
Affidavit regarding date of death of Jacob Varner.
- Affidavit by Eunice Varner, in Jacob Varner Minor Pension Affidavit Eunice No1, 9 Jan 1900, Primary quality.
Affidavit by Jacob's mother saying the couple had never been previously married.
- Affidavit by John Whited, in Jacob Varner Minor Pension Affidavit John Whited, 9 Jan 1900, Primary quality.
Affidavit by John Whited saying that neither Jacob nor his wife were married previously, and that he knew them as husband and wife.
- Affidavit by Jennie Morgan, in Jacob Varner Minor Pension Affidavit Jennie Morgan, 15 Jan 1900, Primary quality.
Affidavit by Jennie Morgan stating that she had known Louisiana Varner when she was married to Jacob, that she never married after Jacob until her marriage to John Robertson, and that her name at marriage was Varner, not Warner as given in the marriage certificate.
- Affidavit by Joseph Booth, in Jacob Varner Minor Pension Affidavit Joseph Booth, 15 Jan 1900, Primary quality.
Affidavit by Joseph Booth stating that he knew Jacob and Louisiana as a couple while they were married, and that her name should be Varner, not Warner, as given on the marriage certificate in the court house.
- Marriage license record for Louisiana Varner, in Jacob Varner Marriage Warner And Robertson, 16 Jan 1900, Primary quality.
Record of the 3 Oct 1888 marriage of a Louisiana Warner and John S. Robertson. As several affidavits attest, this was Louisiana Varner, née Bracken.
- Affidavit of Eunice Varner, in Jacob Varner Minor Pension Affidavit Eunice No2, 2 May 1900 , Primary quality.
Affidavit by Eunice Varner, Jacob's mother about the births of Alice and Charles, Jacob's children.
- Affidavit of Louisiana Robertson, in Jacob Varner Minor Pension Affidavit Louisa Robinson, 2 May 1900 , Primary quality.
Affidavit by Louisiana Robertson, formerly Varner, regarding the birth dates of her children Alice and Charles who were applying for a minor pension.
- Affidavit of Alice Varner, in Jacob Varner Minor Pension Affidavit Alice No2, 11 May 1900, Primary quality.
Affidavit by Alice Varner stating there was no record of their births and that the doctor was dead.
- Bureau of Pensions report regarding Jacob's pension, in Jacob Varner Bureau of Pensions Report 1900, 5 Oct 1900.
The report mainly differentiates between Jacob and his brother Erastus who were both in the 16th Indiana Mounted Infantry and 13th Indiana Cavalry. It gives descriptions of each man and a tracing of their signatures.
- ↑ Randolph County residents, in Randolph, North Carolina, United States. 1840 U.S. Census Population Schedule, page 109, 1840, Primary quality.
- ↑ Davidson County residents North Sub-division, in Davidson, North Carolina, United States. 1850 U.S. Census Population Schedule, page 253a, 1850, Primary quality.
- ↑ Warren Township, Putnam County residents, in Putnam, Indiana, United States. 1860 U.S. Census Population Schedule, page 57, 20 Jun 1860, Primary quality.
- ↑ Marion Township, Shelby County residents, in Shelby, Indiana, United States. 1870 U.S. Census Population Schedule, page 21, 19 Sep 1870, Primary quality.
- ↑ Sugar Ridge Township, Clay County residents, in Clay, Indiana, United States. 1880 U.S. Census Population Schedule, 1880.
- ↑ Private, Company I, 27th Indiana Infantry
Private, Company I, 1st Engineer Battalion, U.S. Corps of Engineers
Private, Company I, 16th Indiana Volunteers (Mounted Infantry)
Private, Company B, 13th Indiana Cavalry
Company I, 1st Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
- ↑ This would today be considered "Old Salem."
- ↑ Several documents from Washington and her obituary give her name as Louisiana, but some local sources give Louisana. She seems to have gone by Louisa.
- ↑ On the Potomac east of Harper's Ferry.
- ↑ See Bristoe Campaign on Wikipedia