Person:George III of the United Kingdom (1)

George III of the United Kingdom
b.4 Jun 1738 London, England
Facts and Events
Name[4] George III of the United Kingdom
Unknown[1] George William Frederick
Gender Male
Birth[1] 4 Jun 1738 London, EnglandNorfolk House
Marriage 8 September 1761 St. James's Palace, London, Englandmarriage arranged by parents
to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Other[2] 22 Sep 1761 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandCoronation
Death[3] 29 Jan 1820 Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 173829 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of these two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two Hanoverian predecessors he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover.

His life and reign, which were longer than any other British monarch before him, were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, and places farther afield in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India. However, many of its American colonies were soon lost in the American Revolutionary War. Further wars against revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1793 concluded in the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

In the later part of his life, George III suffered from recurrent, and eventually permanent, mental illness. Although it has since been suggested that he suffered from the blood disease porphyria, the cause of his illness was not then or now known for certain. After a final relapse in 1810, a regency was established, and George III's eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, ruled as Prince Regent. On George III's death, the Prince Regent succeeded his father as George IV.

Historical analysis of George III's life has gone through a "kaleidoscope of changing views" that have depended heavily on the prejudices of his biographers and the sources available to them. Until re-assessment occurred during the second half of the twentieth century, his reputation in the United States was one of a tyrant and in Britain he became "the scapegoat for the failure of imperialism".

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Beatty, Michael A. The English Royal Family of America: from Jamestown to the American Revolution. (McFarland, 2003), pg. 166, Secondary quality.
  2. Beatty, Michael A. The English Royal Family of America: from Jamestown to the American Revolution. (McFarland, 2003), pg. 176, Secondary quality.
  3. Beatty, Michael A. The English Royal Family of America: from Jamestown to the American Revolution. (McFarland, 2003), pg. 182, Secondary quality.
  4. George III of the United Kingdom, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  5.   George III Hanover, King of Great Britain, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  6.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 page 178.
Succession of Monarchs of the United Kingdom
George I

1714-1727
his great-grandfather

George II

1727-1760
his grandfather

King of the Great Britain and Ireland

1760-1801

George IV

1820-1830
his son

William IV

1830-1837
his son

Acts of Union 1800 King of the United Kingdom
1801-1820
Congress of Vienna King of Hanover
1814-1820
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