Person:George III of the United Kingdom (1)

George III of the United Kingdom
b.4 Jun 1738 London, England
Facts and Events
Name[4] George III of the United Kingdom
Unknown[1] George William Frederick
Gender Male
Birth[1] 4 Jun 1738 London, EnglandNorfolk House
Marriage 8 September 1761 St. James's Palace, London, Englandmarriage arranged by parents
to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Other[2] 22 Sep 1761 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandCoronation
Reference Number? Q127318?
Death[3] 29 Jan 1820 Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire before becoming King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two predecessors, he was born in Great Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover.

His life and with it his reign, which were longer than those of any of his predecessors, were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, and places farther afield in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India. However, many of Britain's American colonies were soon lost in the American War of Independence. Further wars against revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1793 concluded in the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

In the later part of his life, George III had recurrent, and eventually permanent, mental illness. Although it has since been suggested that he had bipolar disorder or the blood disease porphyria, the cause of his illness remains unknown. After a final relapse in 1810, a regency was established. George III's eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, ruled as Prince Regent until his father's death, when he succeeded as George IV.

Historical analysis of George III's life has gone through a "kaleidoscope of changing views" that have depended heavily on the prejudices of his biographers and the sources available to them. Until it was reassessed in the second half of the 20th century, his reputation in the United States was one of a tyrant; and in Britain he became "the scapegoat for the failure of imperialism".

  1. 1.0 1.1 Beatty, Michael A. The English Royal Family of America: from Jamestown to the American Revolution. (McFarland, 2003), pg. 166.
  2. Beatty, Michael A. The English Royal Family of America: from Jamestown to the American Revolution. (McFarland, 2003), pg. 176.
  3. Beatty, Michael A. The English Royal Family of America: from Jamestown to the American Revolution. (McFarland, 2003), pg. 182.
  4. George III of the United Kingdom, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  5.   George III Hanover, King of Great Britain, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  6.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 page 178.
Succession of Monarchs of the United Kingdom
George I

his great-grandfather

George II

his grandfather

King of the Great Britain and Ireland


George IV

his son

William IV

his son

Acts of Union 1800 King of the United Kingdom
Congress of Vienna King of Hanover
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