Facts and Events
||Aaron Atherton, I
||Montgomery, Maryland, United States
||Fincastle, Virginia, United States
||Fincastle, Virginia, United Statesto Nancy Runyon
||31 Dec 1776
||Kentucky, Virginia, United StatesKentucky County was formed by the Commonwealth of Virginia by dividing Fincastle County into three new counties: Kentucky, Washington, and Montgomery, effective December 31, 1776. Four years later Kentucky County was abolished on June 30, 1780, when it was divided into Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties of Virginia. These later petitioned together to secede from Virginia, which was approved by the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 1792 the Commonwealth of Kentucky was admitted to the United States as its 15th state. Wikipedia
||30 Jun 1780
||Jefferson, Kentucky, United StatesJefferson, Kentucky This was a part of Virginia later to become Kentucky after statehood in 01 Jun 1792. It was also known as Jefferson Co., VA; Jefferson Co., KY; Nelson Co., VA, and finally Nelson Co., KY sometime in 1785.
||Nelson, Kentucky, United StatesGoodins' Fort
||Nelson, Kentucky, United StatesAaron Atherton and Wattie Boone are operating a distillery on the banks of Knob Creek
||16 Feb 1802
||Falmouth, Pendleton, Kentucky, United StatesJohn Runyon Atherton is born
||Crosby (township), Hamilton, Ohio, United StatesAaron and his family move here.
||Nelson, Kentucky, United StatesThomas Lincoln carried whisky barrels from Kentucky to Indiana. Whisky distilled by the Atherton Family.
||09 Dec 1831
||Hamilton, Ohio, United States
Revolutionary War Service, Montgomery Co., MD
- In a book titled "The Revolutionary Records of Maryland", under Montgomery County, it shows among the men signing the Patriots' oath of fidelity and support, returned on 16th of March, 1778 the names of ,William Lee Sr., Joseph Lee, Joseph Lee, Jr.,Samuel Lee, Aaron Atherton, Benjamin Atherton, John Atherton, Aaron Atherton Jr., and Daniel Cresop.
- In "A Maryland Revolutionary War Militia List", compiled by the Daughters of Founders and Patriots of America from the Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore located in the Filson Club in Louisville,KY, on page 225 under Captain Daniel Cresap; Col. Barret Bn; Washingaton, Company are listed John Eatherington, Cpl; Joshua Eatherington, Private 1st class; William Lee, Pvt 1st class; Samuel Lee, Pvt 2nd class; Benjamin Eatherington, Pvt 3rd class; Aaron Aetherington, Pvt 6th class & Josiah Lee, Pvt 7th class. On page 267 - list of discharged soldiers of 2 Bns of militia raised to serve in Continental Army - pd 1781 to Wm Lee no., 479, nine pounds and one shilling. Since the first names are the same, Eatherington is a phonetic varient spelling of Atherton and Daniel Cresap is a phonetic varient for Daniel Cresop, and visa versa.
- Those same named Lees and Athertons show up on tithable and tax records in Nelson Co., Ky (which was then still Virginia) and one of Aaron Atherton Sr. and Jr. daughters married one of William Lee Sr., and Jr. sons, according to Kentucky marriage records. There is a Jessee Lee who was the son of this William Lee Jr., through his marriage to his wife, Sarah Jane Morgan nee Reeves.
Connection to Bardstown, Kentucky
- In June 1999, A Lee folder was discovered in the genealogical section of the Bardstown, Kentucky library. In the folder was a work sheet bearing the following information:
- "William Henry Lee was born in Maryland (possibly Baltimore Co.) about 17--, and he joined the Maryland Militia taking the Oath of Fidelity & support in Jan 27, 1778. While in service or before, he met and served with Aaron Atherton Sr. and his three brothers, John, Joshua and Benjamin. William and the Athertons served in the Washington County, MD area in Capt. Daniel Cresap's Co. of Col. Lemuel (Samuel) Barrett's Battalion. He was already married to Marg. Atherton. He served with his son Abraham Lee..."
- June 2013, The following statement above should be written as
- Maj. William Lea Sr. was born in Talbort, Maryland about 1737. He joined the Maryland Militia taking the Oath of Fidelity & support in Jan 27, 1778. While in service, or before, he met and served with Aaron Atherton Sr. b. 1720 and his three brothers, John, Joshua, and Benjamin. Maj. William Lea Sr. and the Athertons served in the Washington County, Maryland area in Captain Daniel Cresap's Company of Colonel Lemuel 'Samuel' Barrett's Battalion. Maj. William Lea Sr., was already married to Margaret Atherton, the daughter of Aaron Atherton Sr. b. 1720. Maj. William Lea Sr., likely served with his son's, grandson's, brother's, one being an Abraham Lee.
Samuel Goodwin, Goodins' Fort, Nelson Co., KY
- Adams, Evelyn Crady. Goodin's Fort (1780) In Nelson County, Kentucky. The Filson. (Louisville, Kentucky: Filson Historical Society), Vol. 27, No. 1, January 1953.S5
- When Samuel abandoned the Fort Goodin, he moved across the Rolling Fork to one of his plantations in present LaRue County, KY. He apparently retained more than half of his original land entries which approximated two thousand acres. He died on his plantation in the Edlintown area in 1807. He left no will.There seems to be some confusion about the names, "Goodin, Goodwines, and Goodwins" . There seemed to be a lot of them in early Kentucky, especially in Nelson and Hardin Counties.. And, they seemed to share the same given names as well. Several writers have attempted to sort this out.
- "The ancestry of Samuel Goodin (1733?-1807), founder of Goodin's Fort, in unknown. He may have been the grandson of Thomas Gooding (1650?-1730?), Quaker minister from Cardiganshire, Wales, who was received into a Quaker Church in Chester County, Pennsylvlania, December 28, 1708. The children of Thomas Gooding and his wife Elizabeth Gooding (1652-1739) were John, Thomas, Elizabeth, Mary, and Sarah, all of whom were likewise Quaker ministers. Thomas Gooding Jr. (1694 - 4/16/1775), the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Gooding, married on March 13, 1729, Ann, the daughter of Richard Jones, in Goshen, Pennsylvania, and their seven children as listed as -
- John who married in 1759;
- Thomas who married Mary Hall and whose will probated in Fayette County names a son Samuel;
- Richard (1735- )who married in 1757;
- Jane who died in 1813; Isaac (1741 - 1827);
- Elizabeth who died young; and
- Samuel Goodin of Kentucky does not appear in this list but the approximate year of his birth in 1733, his marriage in 1757 and his death in 1807 would place him among the early children. The frequent use of the name Thomas in Samuel's line could be significiant; the piety, austerity, and forthrightness of the pioneer Kentucky Goodins and their apparent opposition to slavery could reflect a Quaker background; and finally, Samuel's spelling of his name as Goodin and not as Goodwin could be accounted for."
- The name of Samuel's first wife is not known. She died before the family came to KY in 1779, probably in PA. He and his children came to the Falls of The Ohio (Louisville) in April 1779 from a very severe winter spent in Fayette County, PA. See "Kentucky Court Reports" by James Hughes, pages 183-186. They went south to Pottenger's Creek in 1780 at a site on the north bank of Rolling Fork, a few miles from the point where Beech Fork empties into the larger stream. He built Goodin's Fort in 1781.
- These were among the people at Goodin's Fort (According to Edgar Porter Harned)
- Samuel Goodin, Sr. , John Houston, Capt. Samuel Pottenger, Isaac Goodin, Samuel's son, Atkinson Hill, Samuel's son-in-law; Samuel Goodin, Jr., Samuel's son; Peter Kennedy (Indian scout); Thomas Goodin, Samuel's son; Elizabeth Goodin, Samuel's daughter; Catherine Van Meter, Elizabeth Goodin's daughter; Letitia Van Meter, Elizabeth Goodin's daughter; Sarah Van Meter, Elizabeth Goodin's daughter; Elizabeth Van Meter, Elizabeth Goodin's dau; Abraham Goodin, son of Samuel and Elizabeth; General Braddock (only slave mentioned at fort, freed in 1797); Abraham Van Meter, died about 1782; Beck Swank, married General Braddock; Abnego Carter; Unknown Hamilton; Aaron Atherton Sr.; Peter Atherton, son of Aaron; John S. Atherton, son of Peter; John M. Atherton, son of Peter; Peter Lee Atherton, son of John M. Atherton.
- The fort was the logical refuge for the following adjacent families: David Crady; Richard Edlin; Christopher Bush; Samuel Miller; Anthony Chambers; Daniel Vittitow; Samuel Vittitow; Stephen Vittitow; Zachariah Maraman; Leonard Johnson's son Clemmy, fiddler from Maryland.
- A newsletter published by The Society of Descendents of Goodin's Fort in 1980
- "Samuel Goodin, Sr. was a brave white man, likely a Quaker, that led a party of hearty settlers by flatboard, arriving at the Falls of the Ohio (Louisville) in the year 1779. During the first year the settlers and the Indians were at peace. Samuel Goodin, Sr. took advantage of this peace and built Goodin's Fort and planted his crops unmolested. This wise man had picked the site of his fort on the humble Rolling Fork River, bordered by rich, fertile land. There was plenty of fish and several months of the year they were able to use their flatboards. During the dry months of summer and autumn they could ford the river. Everywhere virgin timber was available for cabins. There was buffalo, turkey, deer, squirrels, rabbits, and bear. There were groves of sugar maple trees that gave them ample sweetning. They used the sassafras bushes for making tea. For added treats they had pecans, walnuts, hickory nuts and chestnuts. There was an abundance of salt and even depositions of iron ore. The fort was finished by the Spring of 1780. New neighbors were everywhere. Samuel Goodin, a widower of about 50 years had brought with him sons Isaac, Thomas, and Samuel Jr. and also his daughters Elizabeth, her husband Atkinson Hill, and Rebecca. The largest known group to be protected inside the fort was 25 Catholic families that were imigrating from Maryland. The women and children stayed at the fort while the men went on to Pottingers Creek to establish a settlement.
- ↑ Aaron Atherton, in Find A Grave.
- Pulaski County Book Committee (Illinois). Pulaski County Illinois, 1819-1987. (Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Pub. Co., 1987, c1987), Page 20, 50, 70, 71, 72, 83, 85, 87, 119, 194, 344.
Villa Ridge, Atherton Settlement
- ↑ David L. Morgan, State Historic Preservation Officer, Kentucky Heritage Council. National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Documentation Form. (United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service), Page 9, 26 Nov 1990.
Distilleries were also common in the county as early as 1800. Whiskeymaking provided early settlers with a commodity which could be readily transported to markets and sold. Wattie Boone and Aaron Atherton both operated distilleries on the banks of Knob Creek in the 1790s and these distilleries were forerunners of the John M. Atherton Distillery built after the Civil War. Other small distilleries are known to have been operated on farms throughout the county.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Miami Daily News and Metropolis. Audubon's Whisky (Louisville Courier-Journal), 11 Nov 1929.
The Miami News, 11 Nov 1929
Audubon's Whisky, (Louisville Courier-Journal)
Only a few years later, Thomas Lincoln, Abraham's father, loaded about 400 gallons of the best whisky he could find on his flatboat on Rolling Fork, near the mouth of Knob creek, and he took it to Indiana. Despite the upsetting of his craft at the mouth of Salt river, he recovered most of his cargo. Tom Lincoln was not a distiller, although an uncle of the same name owned a still house in Fayette county. However, the Rolling Fork country was noted for the quality of its whisky, both then and later. Possibly Lincoln bought his liquor of Peter Atherton, then the ferry-keeper of Knob creek. Atherton established nearby what later was to be the largest distillery in the world.
Ever since the revolution, the farmers of the west had made whisky. There were few roads. A pack-horse could carry only four bushels of grain over the mountains, but in the form of whisky the product of 24 bushels could be carried. It was when Alexander Hamilton sought to levy the excise tax on these farmers that the "Whisky Rebellion" broke out.
One of the chief mediums of exchange among the pioneers was "good merchantable whisky." Corn, therefore, was not only the principal food crop, but the main money crop. In liquid form, corn was a safer investment than in the shape of meat, either alive or packed. When Tom Lincoln carried whisky in barrels to Indiana, he was merely carrying the products of his farm, whether he made the liquor himself - which is unlikely - or took it to Peter Atherton or someone else to be distilled. When Audubon and his partner, Rozier, and years later Abraham Lincoln himself, dealt in whisky as merchants, they were selling it as a farm product, like so much tobacco, smoked hams, or meal.
Peter Athertons' father Aaron Atherton was already operating the Knob Creek distillery.
Thomas Lincoln, worked for a short time for Aaron Atherton and Wattie Boone's distillery. Thomas was efficient in wood making and probably made bourban casks for the distillery.
- Adams, Evelyn Crady Goodin's Fort (1780) in Nelson County Kentucky, in Filson Historical Society (Louisville, Kentucky). The Filson Club history quarterly. (Louisville, Kentucky: The Club, 1930-2000), Vol. 27, No.1, January 1953.
Page 5 - Atherton's Ford
Page 7 - Aaron Atherton Sr. and family
Page 18 - Milton Atherton
Page 19 - B.F. Atherton, Finetta Atherton
Page 26 - 16 Dec 1823, Suit of Purcell vs Atherton, in Hardin County Court
Page 27 - Atherton Family. W.H. Perrin, op.cit., 1887, p. 781.
- Patrick Hogue (Samples). Transcribed Atherton Text.