Place:Montgomery, Maryland, United States

Watchers


NameMontgomery
Alt namesMontgomerysource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates39.15°N 77.2°W
Located inMaryland, United States     (1776 - )
Contained Places
Cemetery
New Saint Mary's Catholic Church Cemetery
Inhabited place
Allanwood
Ashleigh
Ashton
Ashton-Sandy Spring
Aspen Hill
Avery
Barnesville
Beallsville
Beantown
Bel Pre Farms
Bells Mill
Bethesda
Beverly Farms
Big Pines
Blackrock Mill
Blair Portal
Blocktown
Blueberry Hills
Bootjack
Boyds
Bradley Farms
Bradmoor
Brink
Brinklow
Brookeville
Brookmont
Browningsville
Browns Corner
Brownstown
Bucklodge
Burdette
Burnt Mills Hills
Burnt Mills Knolls
Burnt Mills Manor
Burnt Mills Village
Burtonsville
Byeforde
Cabin John
Calverton
Campbell Corner
Capitol View Park
Carderock Springs
Carderock
Carole Acres
Cedar Grove
Cedar Heights
Chestnut Ridge
Chevy Chase Section 4
Chevy Chase Section Five
Chevy Chase Section Three
Chevy Chase View
Chevy Chase Village
Chevy Chase
Claggettsville
Clarksburg
Claysville
Clifton Park Village
Clopper
Cloverly
Colesville Manor
Colesville Park
Colesville
Columbia Forest
Comus
Congressional Manor
Cresthaven
Cropley
Damascus
Darnestown
Dawsonville
Deerfield
Derwood
Dickerson
Drummond
Dunlops Hills
East Springbrook
Ednor
Elmer
Emery Corners
Emory Grove
Fairknoll
Fairland
Fairway
Fawsett Farms
Forest Glen Park
Forest Glen
Fox Chapel
Fox Hills
Foxhall
Franklin Knolls
Franklin Park
Friendship Village
Gaithersburg
Garrett Park
Georgian Forest
Germantown
Glemont Forest
Glen Echo Heights
Glen Echo
Glen Hills
Glen Oaks
Glen
Glenbrook
Glenmont Hills
Glenmont Village
Glenmont
Glenview
Glenwood
Good Hope
Goodacre Knolls
Goshen
Great Falls
Green Tree Manor
Grove
Halpine Village
Hermitage Park
Highland View
Hillandale Heights
Hillandale
Hollinridge
Holly Hill
Hollywood Park
Homecrest
Hunting Hill
Huntington
Hutchison
Hyattstown
Indian Spring Terrace
Indian Spring Village
Inverness Forest
Jerusalem
Jonesville
Kemp Mill
Kensington Knolls
Kensington
Kenwood Park
Kilmarock
Kimberley
Kings Valley
Kingsley
Landon Village
Larchmont Knolls
Layhill South
Layhill Village
Layhill
Laytonsville
Lelands Corner
Lewisdale
Lutes
Luxmanor
Manor Park
Manor by the Lake
Martin's Additions
Martinsburg
McAuley Park
Meadowood
Middlebrook
Mill Creek Towne
Mohican Hills
Monterrey Village
Montgomery Hills
Montgomery Knolls
Montgomery Square
Montgomery Village
Montrose
Mount Ephraim
Neelsville
New Birmingham Manor
Norbeck
North Bethesda
North Chevy Chase
North Hills Sligo Park
North Kensington
North Potomac
North Sherwood Forest
North Springbrook
North Takoma Park
Northwest Park
Northwood Forest
Northwood Park
Norwood
Oakview
Old Farm
Old Germantown
Old Salem Village
Olney
Paint Branch Farms
Parkside
Parkwood
Pine Hill
Pine Knolls
Poolesville
Potomac Hunt Acres
Potomac Manors
Potomac
Prathertown
Purdum
Quince Orchard
Randolph Hills
Redland
Robindale
Rock Creek Hills
Rock Creek Knolls
Rockville
Rocky Brook Park
Rossmoor
Rushville
Sandy Spring
Sanford
Scotland
Sellman
Seneca
Seven Oaks
Sherwood Forest
Silver Spring Park
Silver Spring
Slidell
Sligo Woods
Somerset Heights
Somerset
South Kensington
South Layhill
Spencerville
Spring Hill
Spring Lake Park
Springbrook Forest
Springbrook Manor
Springbrook
Springwood
Stephen Knolls
Stewart Town
Stoney Brook
Sugarland
Sunset Terrace
Sycamore Acres
Sycamore Creek
Takoma Park
Thompsons Corner
Tilden Woods
Travilah
Tulip Hill
Twin Brook
Washington Grove
West Chevy Chase Heights
Westwood
Wheaton Crest
Wheaton
Wheaton-Glenmont
White Oak
Wickford
Wildwood Hills
Willerburn Acres
Willson Hills
Windham Manor
Wolf Acres
Woodfield
Woodside Forest
Unknown
Brighton
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Montgomery County is a county in the U.S. state of Maryland, situated just to the north of Washington, D.C., and southwest of the city of Baltimore. It is one of the most affluent counties in the United States, and has the highest percentage (29.2%) of residents over 25 years of age who hold post-graduate degrees. The county seat and largest municipality is Rockville; although the census-designated place of Germantown is more populous. As of 2010 the population was 971,777 and the county reached an estimated population of over 1 million residents with the 2012 U.S. Census Bureau update which shows that 1,004,709 residents now live in the county. Most of the county's residents live in unincorporated locales, the most populous of which are Silver Spring, Germantown and Bethesda, though the incorporated cities of Rockville and Gaithersburg are also large population centers. It is a part of both the Washington Metropolitan Area and the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area.

As of 2008, Montgomery County is the second richest county in terms of per capita income in the state of Maryland. In 2011, it was ranked by Forbes as the 10th richest in the United States, with a median household income of $92,213.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Before European immigration, the land now known as Montgomery County was covered in a vast swath of forest crossed by the creeks and small streams that feed the Potomac and Patuxent rivers. A few small villages of the Piscataway, members of the Algonquian people, were scattered across the southern portions of the county. North of the Great Falls of the Potomac, there were few permanent settlements, and the Piscataway shared hunting camps and foot paths with members of rival peoples like the Susquehannocks and the Senecas.

Captain John Smith of the English settlement at Jamestown was probably the first European to explore the area, during his travels along the Potomac River and throughout the Chesapeake region.


These lands were claimed by Europeans for the first time when George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore was granted the charter for the colony of Maryland by Charles I of England. However, it was not until 1688 that the first tract of land in what is now Montgomery County was granted by the Calvert family to an individual colonist, a wealthy and prominent early Marylander named Henry Darnall. He and other early claimants had no intention of settling their families. They were little more than speculators, securing grants from the colonial leadership and then selling their lands in pieces to settlers. Thus, it was not until approximately 1715 that the first British settlers began building farms and plantations in the area.

These earliest settlers were English or Scottish immigrants from other portions of Maryland, German settlers moving down from Pennsylvania, or Quakers who came to settle on land granted to a convert named James Brooke in what is now Brookeville. Most of these early settlers were small farmers, growing a variety of subsistence crops in addition to the region's main cash crop, tobacco. They transported the tobacco they grew to market through the Potomac River port of Georgetown. Sparsely settled, the area's farms and taverns were nonetheless of strategic importance as access to the interior. General Edward Braddock's army traveled through the county on the way to its disastrous defeat at Fort Duquesne during the French and Indian War.

Like other regions of the American colonies, the region that is now Montgomery County saw protests against British taxation in the years before the American Revolution. Following the signing of the Declaration of Independence, representatives of the area helped to draft the new state constitution and began to build a Maryland free of proprietary control. The new state legislature formed Montgomery County from lands that had at one point or another been part of Charles, Prince George's and Frederick Counties, naming it after General Richard Montgomery. The leaders of the new county chose as their county seat an area adjacent to Hungerford's Tavern near the center of the county, which later became Rockville. The newly formed Montgomery County supplied arms, food and forage for the Continental Army during the Revolution, in addition to soldiers.

In 1791, portions of Montgomery County, including Georgetown, were ceded to form the new District of Columbia, along with portions of Prince George's County, Maryland, as well as parts of Virginia that were later returned to Virginia.

In 1828, construction on the C&O Canal commenced and was completed in 1850. Throughout the 19th century, agriculture dominated the economy in Montgomery County, with slaves playing a significant role. In the 1850s, crop production shifted away from tobacco and toward corn. Montgomery County was important in the abolitionist movement, with slave Josiah Henson, who wrote about his experiences in a memoir which became the basis for Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852). Josiah, the inspiration for the character "Uncle Tom", was a slave in the county and a slave cabin where he is believed to have spent time still stands at the end of a driveway off Old Georgetown Road.

Until 1860, only private schools existed in Montgomery County. Initially, schools for European American students were built, and in 1872 schools for African-Americans were added.

Like most of Maryland, the county's southern sympathies resulted in it being occupied by Union forces during the Civil War.

In 1873, the Metropolitan Branch of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad opened, with a route between Washington, D.C., and Point of Rocks, Maryland. The railroad spurred development at Takoma Park, Kensington, Garrett Park and Chevy Chase.

In July 1922, the Montgomery County Police Department (MCPD) was established.

On July 1, 1997, Montgomery County annexed a portion of Prince George's County, after residents of Takoma Park, which spanned both counties, voted to be entirely within the more affluent Montgomery County.

In October 2002, the county was the site of several of the Beltway sniper attacks.

The county has a number of sites on the National Register of Historic Places.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1776 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1777 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1800 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 18,003
1800 15,058
1810 17,980
1820 16,400
1830 19,816
1840 15,456
1850 15,860
1860 18,322
1870 20,563
1880 24,759
1890 27,185
1900 30,451
1910 32,089
1920 34,921
1930 49,206
1940 83,912
1950 164,401
1960 340,928
1970 522,809
1980 579,053
1990 757,027

Note: Parts of Prince George's and Montgomery Counties were taken to form the District of Columbia in 1791.

Research Tips

External links

  • Outstanding guide to Montgomery County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • www.montgomerycountrymd.gov


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Montgomery County, Maryland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.