Place:Czech Republic


NameCzech Republic
Alt namesCzech Socialist Republicsource: Encyclopedia Britannica (1988) XVI, 905 ff., & III, 836-837
Czechiasource: King, Czech & Slovak Republics (1995) p 10
República Checasource: Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 48
République tchèquesource: Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 48
Česká Republikasource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Česká republikasource: Wikipedia
Česká Socialistická Republikasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-64
České Zemésource: Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 62
TypeNation
Coordinates49.75°N 15°E
Contained Places
Dorf
Milotice
Former nation/state/empire
Deutscher Bund
Former province
Moravia ( 1992 - )
Former region
Sudetenland ( 1918 - 1945 )
Historical region
Moravia ( 1992 - )
Inhabited place
Adamov
Barchov
Bohdaneč
Bohumín
Bohuslavice
Bolatice
Borek
Borohrádek
Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav
Brněnec
Bulovka
Bělá
Břidličná nad Moravicí
Chlebičov
Chlumec nad Cidlinou
Darkovice
Dolní Benešov
Dolní Věstonice
Dolní Řasnice
Držovice
Frýdlant nad Ostravici
Frýdlant v Čechach
Habartice
Hať
Heřmanův Městec
Hněvošice
Horní Benešov
Horní Skrýchov
Horní Řasnice
Hradec nad Moravicí
Hrochův Týnec
Hukvaldy
Jindřichovice pod Smrkem
Kobeřice
Kopřivnice
Kostelec na Hané
Kozmice
Kožlany
Kratonohy
Krečovice
Lidice
Lipnice
Ludgeřovice
Lázně Libverda
Markvartovice
Meziboří
Mokrovousy
Moravská Nová Ves
Mštec Králové
Nové Město nad Metují
Nové Město pod Smrkem
Oldřišov
Olomouc
Pec pod Sněžkou
Pertoltice
Plzeň
Pnětluky
Praha ( 1993 - )
Píšť
Příbor
Raspenava
Rohov
Skuteč
Služovice
Smiřice
Srbská Kamenice
Stadice
Strahovice
Sudice
Terlicko
Třebom
Velké Hoštice
Velké Svatoňovice
Višňová
Vraclav
Vrahovice
Vranov nad Dyjí
Vřesina
Zdětín (Mladá Boleslav)
Zdětín (Prostějov)
Zliv
Zlín
Závada
Černousy
Červená Voda
Česká Skalice
Česká Třebová
České Velenice
Řevnice
Šilheřovice
Špindlerův Mlýn
Štěpánkovice
Region
Jihomoravský ( 1992 - )
Jihočeský ( 1992 - )
Karlovarský
Královéhradecký
Liberecký
Mikroregion Nechanicko
Mikroregion Urbanická brázda
Moravskoslezský
Olomoucký
Pardubický
Plzeňský
Středočeský ( 1992 - )
Vysočina
Zlínský
Ústecký
Unknown
Rychnov nad Kněžou
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The Czech Republic covers an area of with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate. It is a unitary parliamentary republic, with  million inhabitants; its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents. Other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen. The Czech Republic is a member of the European Union (EU), NATO, the OECD, the United Nations, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe.

It is a developed country with an advanced, high income export-oriented social market economy based in services, manufacturing and innovation. The UNDP ranks the country 14th in inequality-adjusted human development. The Czech Republic is a welfare state with a "continental" European social model, a universal health care system, tuition-free university education and is ranked 14th in the Human Capital Index. It ranks as the 6th safest or most peaceful country and is one of the most non-religious countries in the world,[1] while achieving strong performance in democratic governance.

The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. The Czech state was formed in the late 9th century as the Duchy of Bohemia under the Great Moravian Empire. After the fall of the Empire in 907, the centre of power transferred from Moravia to Bohemia under the Přemyslid dynasty. In 1002, the duchy was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire along with the Kingdom of Germany, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, and numerous other territories, becoming the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198 and reaching its greatest territorial extent in the 14th century. Beside Bohemia itself, the King of Bohemia ruled the lands of the Bohemian Crown, holding a vote in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor; and Prague was the imperial seat in periods between the 14th and 17th century. In the Hussite Wars of the 15th century driven by the Protestant Bohemian Reformation, the kingdom faced economic embargoes and defeated five consecutive crusades proclaimed by the leaders of the Catholic Church.

Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy alongside the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary. The Protestant Bohemian Revolt (1618–20) against the Catholic Habsburgs led to the Thirty Years' War. After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule, eradicated Protestantism and reimposed Catholicism, and also adopted a policy of gradual Germanization. This contributed to the anti-Habsburg sentiment. A long history of resentment of the Catholic Church followed and still continues. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Bohemian Kingdom became part of the German Confederation 1815-1866 as part of Austrian Empire (1804 to 1867) and the Czech language experienced a revival as a consequence of widespread romantic nationalism. In the 19th century, the Czech lands became the industrial powerhouse of the monarchy and were subsequently the core of the Republic of Czechoslovakia, which was formed in 1918 following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I.

Czechoslovakia remained the only democracy in this part of Europe in the interwar period. However, the Czech part of Czechoslovakia was occupied by Germany in World War II, while the Slovak region became the Slovak Republic; Czechoslovakia was liberated in 1945 by the armies of the Soviet Union and the United States. Most of the three millions of the German-speaking minority were expelled following the war. The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the 1946 elections and after the 1948 coup d'état, Czechoslovakia became a one-party communist state under Soviet influence. In 1968, increasing dissatisfaction with the regime culminated in a reform movement known as the Prague Spring, which ended in a Soviet-led invasion. Czechoslovakia remained occupied until the 1989 Velvet Revolution, when the communist regime collapsed and market economy was reintroduced. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004.

Contents

How places in the Czech Republic are organized

The Czech Republic was formed in 1993 following the split of Czechoslovakia. It is divided into regions. The standard at WeRelate is to title Czech place pages according to their pre-split region when it is known, with also-located-in links to the post-split region.

All places in the Czech Republic

Further information on historical place organization in the Czech Republic

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Czech Republic. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.