Person:Richard Ier de Normandie (1)

Richard Ier "Sans Peur" de Normandie
Facts and Events
Name[15] Richard Ier "Sans Peur" de Normandie
Alt Name Raoul
Alt Name[12] Richard FitzWilliam
Unknown Richard I "The Fearless" , Duke of Normandy
Gender Male
Alt Birth[15] abt 0930 Fécamp, Seine-Maritime, France
Birth? 28 Aug 0933 Fécamp, Seine-Maritime, FranceHouse of Normandy
Title (nobility)[15] 0943 Duc de Normandie
Alt Marriage 0956 , , , Franceto Emma , of France
Other 956 betrothed
with Emma , of France
Marriage 960 Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Franceto Emma , of France
Marriage abt 0989 Normandie, Franceto Gunnora
Marriage Cohabitation?
Death[12][13][15] 20 Nov 0996 Fécamp, Seine-Maritime, France
Alt Death[14] 21 Nov 0996 Fécamp, Seine-Maritime, France
Reference Number[1] Q333359?
Burial? Fécamp, Seine-Maritime, France

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Richard I (28 August 932 – 20 November 996), also known as Richard the Fearless (French: Richard Sans-Peur; Old Norse: Jarl Richart), was the Count of Rouen or Jarl of Rouen from 942 to 996. Dudo of Saint-Quentin, whom Richard commissioned to write the "De moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum" (Latin, "On the Customs and Deeds of the First Dukes of Normandy"), called him a Dux. However, this use of the word may have been in the context of Richard's renowned leadership in war, and not as a reference to a title of nobility. Richard either introduced feudalism into Normandy or he greatly expanded it. By the end of his reign, the most important Norman landholders held their lands in feudal tenure.

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  1. Richard I, Duke of Normandy, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by WalterLee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, 157-1.
  3.   Burke, John Bernard. Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of the peerage, baronetage and knightage, Privy Council, and order of precedence. (London: Shaw Pub. Co., 1938-), 1603.
  4.   Richard I, in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  5.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Vol. 3, p.242, Secondary quality.
  6.   Tab. Souv. Gen., France 22, Tab. 48.
  7.   Dukes of Normandy, France 5, p. 63-94.
  8.   Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt 1, p. 100.
  9.   Anderson's Royal Gen., Eng. 132, p. 741.
  10.   Richard I, 3rd Duc de Normandie, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  11.   Treatise on Richard I, in The New Encyclopedia Britannica. (Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Brittanica, 1986).
  12. 12.0 12.1 Teck, Caroline Humby. Royalty of England. (London: Caroline Humby Designs, 1970).
  13. RICHARD, son of GUILLAUME Comte [ de Normandie] & his first wife Sprota --- (Fécamp [932]-Fécamp 20 Nov 996, bur Fécamp[73])., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  14. Richard I "Sans Peur" ("the Fearless"), in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Biographie a Wikipédia FR, in Wikipedia, [[1]], trouvée, Secondary quality.

    Richard Ier de Normandie, dit Richard Sans-Peur (Fécamp v. 930-996), est le fils naturel du duc de Normandie Guillaume Longue-Épée et de Sprota, et le troisième « duc » de Normandie — en fait, ses prédécesseurs et lui-même dans un premier temps se qualifient de « jarl » et/ou comte des Normands. Il est le premier à se qualifier de marquis.