Person:Ladislaus I of Hungary (1)

Ladislaus I _____, King of Hungary
m. bet abt 1039 and 1042
  1. Ladislaus I _____, King of HungaryAbt 1041 - 1095
  2. Géza I _____, King of Hungary1044 - 1077
  3. Lanka _____Abt 1044 - 1095
  4. Jelena Lijepa _____, of Hungary1050 - Abt 1091
  5. Lambert _____Aft 1050 - Abt 1095
  6. Sophia _____, of HungaryAft 1050 - 1095
  7. Ludmilla _____, of HungaryAbt 1051 - 1111
  8. Maria _____, of HungaryAbt 1054 -
m. 1077
  1. Unknown _____, Princess of HungaryAbt 1082 & 1090 - Bef 1106
  2. Piroska _____Abt 1085 & 1090 - 1134
Facts and Events
Name Ladislaus I _____, King of Hungary
Alt Name Saint Laszlo _____
Gender Male
Birth? Abt 1041 Kraków, Kraków, Poland
Marriage 1077 Esztergom,Esztergom,,Hungaryto Adelheid _____, Von Zahringen, Princess of Swabia
Alt Marriage 1077 Esztergom,Esztergom,,Hungaryto Adelheid _____, Von Zahringen, Princess of Swabia
Alt Marriage 1079 to Adelheid _____, Von Zahringen, Princess of Swabia
Other Marriage Ending Status Divorce
with Adelheid _____, Von Zahringen, Princess of Swabia
Death? 29 Jul 1095 Großwardein, Bihor, Romania
Alt Death? 29 Jul 1095 Hungary
Reference Number? Q26486?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ladislaus I or Ladislas I, also Saint Ladislaus or Saint Ladislas (; ; ; ; 1040 – 29 July 1095) was King of Hungary from 1077 and King of Croatia from 1091. He was the second son of King Béla I of Hungary. After Béla's death in 1063, Ladislaus and his elder brother, Géza, acknowledged their cousin, Solomon as the lawful king in exchange for receiving their father's former duchy, which included one-third of the kingdom. They cooperated with Solomon for the next decade. Ladislaus's most popular legend, which narrates his fight with a "Cuman" (a Turkic nomad marauder) who abducted a Hungarian girl, is connected to this period. The brothers' relationship with Solomon deteriorated in the early 1070s, and they rebelled against him. Géza was proclaimed king in 1074, but Solomon maintained control of the western regions of his kingdom. During Géza's reign, Ladislaus was his brother's most influential adviser.

Géza died in 1077, and his supporters made Ladislaus king. Solomon resisted Ladislaus with assistance from King Henry IV of Germany. Ladislaus supported Henry IV's opponents during the Investiture Controversy. In 1081, Solomon abdicated and acknowledged Ladislaus's reign, but he conspired to regain the royal crown and Ladislaus imprisoned him. Ladislaus canonized the first Hungarian saints (including his distant relatives, King Stephen I and Duke Emeric) in 1085. He set Solomon free during the canonization ceremony.

After a series of civil wars, Ladislaus's main focus was the restoration of public safety. He introduced severe legislation, punishing those who violated property rights with death or mutilation. He occupied almost all Croatia in 1091, which marked the beginning of an expansion period for the medieval Kingdom of Hungary. Ladislaus's victories over the Pechenegs and Cumans ensured the security of his kingdom's eastern borders for about 150 years. His relationship with the Holy See deteriorated during the last years of his reign, as the popes claimed that Croatia was their fief, but Ladislaus denied their claims.

Ladislaus was canonized on 27 June 1192 by Pope Celestine III. Legends depict him as a pious knight-king, "the incarnation of the late-medieval Hungarian ideal of chivalry." He is a popular saint in Hungary and neighboring nations, where many churches are dedicated to him.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Ladislaus I of Hungary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1.   Ladislaus I of Hungary, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   LÁSZLÓ (in Poland [1046/50][486]-Nitra 20 Jun 1095, bur Somogyvár, transferred 1192 to Nagyvárad Cathedral[487]), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.