Person:John of Brienne (1)

John of Brienne
m. 1166
  1. William of Brienne - 1201
  2. John of BrienneAbt 1170 - 1237
  3. Gauthier de Brienne, III1178 - 1205
m. 15 Sep 1210
  1. Isabella II _____, of Jerusalem1212 - 1228
m. 1214
m. 1224
  1. Jean de Brienne1217 - 1296
  2. Marie of BrienneAbt 1225 - 1275
  3. Alphonso of BrienneAbt 1225 - 1270
  4. Louis de Brienne1227 - 1297
Facts and Events
Name John of Brienne
Gender Male
Birth[1] Abt 1170 Brienne-le-Château, Aube, France
Marriage 15 Sep 1210 Acre, Palestineto Maria of Montferrat
Marriage 1214 to Stephanie _____, of Armenia
Alt Marriage 1222 Toledo, Spainto Berenguela _____, of León de Castile
Alt Marriage 1223 Burgos, Spainto Berenguela _____, of León de Castile
Marriage 1224 Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spainto Berenguela _____, of León de Castile
Alt Death? 21 Mar 1235/36
Alt Death? 21 Mar 1237
Death[1] 27 Mar 1237 İstanbul, İstanbul, TurkeyAs A Franciscan Friar in Constantinople, Turkey
Reference Number? Q332704?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John of Brienne ( 1170 – 27 March 1237), also known as John I, was King of Jerusalem from 1210 to 1225 and Latin Emperor of Constantinople from 1229 to 1237. He was the youngest son of Erard II of Brienne, a wealthy nobleman in Champagne. John, originally destined for an ecclesiastical career, became a knight and owned small estates in Champagne around 1200. After the death of his brother, Walter III, he ruled the County of Brienne on behalf of his minor nephew Walter IV (who lived in southern Italy).

The barons of the Kingdom of Jerusalem proposed that John marry their queen, Maria. With the consent of Philip II of France and Pope Innocent III, he left France for the Holy Land and married the queen; the couple were crowned in 1210. After Maria's death in 1212 John administered the kingdom as regent for their infant daughter, Isabella II; an influential lord, John of Ibelin, attempted to depose him. John was a leader of the Fifth Crusade. Although his claim of supreme command of the crusader army was never unanimously acknowledged, his right to rule Damietta (in Egypt) was confirmed shortly after the town fell to the crusaders in 1219. He claimed the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia on behalf of his second wife, Stephanie, in 1220. After Stephanie and their infant son died that year, John returned to Egypt. The Fifth Crusade ended in failure (including the recovery of Damietta by the Egyptians) in 1221.

John was the first king of Jerusalem to visit Europe (Italy, France, England, León, Castile and Germany) to seek assistance for the Holy Land. He gave his daughter in marriage to Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in 1225, and Frederick ended John's rule of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Although the popes tried to persuade Frederick to restore the kingdom to John, the Jerusalemite barons regarded Frederick as their lawful ruler. John administered papal domains in Tuscany, became the podestà of Perugia and was a commander of Pope Gregory IX's army during Gregory's war against Frederick in 1228 and 1229.

He was elected emperor in 1229 as the senior co-ruler (with Baldwin II) of the Latin Empire, and was crowned in Constantinople in 1231. John III Vatatzes, Emperor of Nicaea, and Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria occupied the last Latin territories in Thrace and Asia Minor, besieging Constantinople in early 1235. John directed the defence of his capital during the months-long siege, with the besiegers withdrawing only after Geoffrey II of Achaea and united fleets from Italian towns defeated their fleet in 1236. The following year, John died as a Franciscan friar.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at John of Brienne. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1. 1.0 1.1 John of Brienne, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Jean I de Brienne, Emperor of Constantinople, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3.   JEAN de Brienne, son of ERARD [II] de Brienne & his wife Agnès de Montbéliard [Montfaucon] ([1170/75]-27 Mar 1237), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.