Person:Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1)

Frederick II , Holy Roman Emperor
b.26 Dec 1194 Bayern, Germany
m. 1186
  1. Frederick II , Holy Roman Emperor
m. 1210
  1. Henry VII of Germany
  1. Conrad IV of Germany
  • HFrederick II , Holy Roman Emperor
  • W.  Adelheid of Urslingen (add)
m.
  1. Enzo of Sardinia
  • HFrederick II , Holy Roman Emperor
  • W.  Maria of Antioch (add)
m.
  1. Frederick of Antioch
  • HFrederick II , Holy Roman Emperor
m.
  1. Frederick of Pettorano
m. 20 Jul 1235
  1. Agnes
  2. Margaret of Sicily
Facts and Events
Name Frederick II , Holy Roman Emperor
Alt Name Frederick II , Emperor - Holy Roman Empire
Alt Name King of Sicily Friedrich II
Gender Male
Birth[1] 26 Dec 1194 Bayern, Germany
Marriage 1210 to Constance of Aragon
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Adelheid of Urslingen (add)
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Maria of Antioch (add)
Marriage Cohabitation?
to
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Bianca Lancia
Marriage 20 Jul 1235 Worms, Hessen, Germanyto Isabella of England
Death[1] 13 Dec 1250 Firenzuola, Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Reference Number? Q130221?
Burial? Monreale, Palermo, Sicilia, Italy


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; ,) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225. He was the son of emperor Henry VI of the Hohenstaufen dynasty and of Constance, heiress to the Norman kings of Sicily.


Frederick's reign saw the Holy Roman Empire achieve its greatest territorial extent. His political and cultural ambitions were enormous as he ruled a vast area beginning with Sicily and stretching through Italy all the way north to Germany. As the Crusades progressed, he acquired control of Jerusalem and styled himself its king. However, the Papacy became his enemy, and it eventually prevailed. Viewing himself as a direct successor to the Roman emperors of antiquity, he was Emperor of the Romans from his papal coronation in 1220 until his death; he was also a claimant to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. As such, he was King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. At the age of three, he was crowned King of Sicily as a co-ruler with his mother, Constance of Hauteville, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. His other royal title was King of Jerusalem by virtue of marriage and his connection with the Sixth Crusade. Frequently at war with the papacy, which was hemmed in between Frederick's lands in northern Italy and his Kingdom of Sicily (the Regno) to the south, he was excommunicated four times and often vilified in pro-papal chronicles of the time and after. Pope Gregory IX went so far as to call him an Antichrist.

Speaking six languages (Latin, Sicilian, Middle High German, Langues d'oïl, Greek and Arabic), Frederick was an avid patron of science and the arts. He played a major role in promoting literature through the Sicilian School of poetry. His Sicilian royal court in Palermo, beginning around 1220, saw the first use of a literary form of an Italo-Romance language, Sicilian. The poetry that emanated from the school had a significant influence on literature and on what was to become the modern Italian language. He was also the first king to formally outlaw trial by ordeal, which had come to be viewed as superstitious.

After his death his line did not survive, and the House of Hohenstaufen came to an end. Furthermore, the Holy Roman Empire entered a long period of decline from which it did not completely recover until the reign of Charles V, 250 years later.

Historians have searched for superlatives to describe him, as in the case of Donald Detwiler, who wrote:

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   KONSTANTIN ROGER FRIEDRICH von Staufen, son of Emperor HEINRICH VI & his wife Constance of Sicily (Iesi, Ancona 26 Dec 1194-Castel Fiorentino near Lucera, Foggia, 13 Dec 1250, bur 25 Feb 1251 Palermo Cathedral), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.