Person:Henry Knox (6)

  • F.  William Knox (add)
  • M.  Mary Campbell (add)
m. Abt 1740
  1. John KnoxAbt 1741 -
  2. Benjamin KnoxAbt 1747 -
  3. Maj.Gen. Henry Knox1750 - 1806
  4. William KnoxAbt 1756 -
Facts and Events
Name[1] Maj.Gen. Henry Knox
Gender Male
Birth[1] 25 Jul 1750 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
Alt Death[2] 21 Oct 1806 Thomaston, Knox, Maine, United States
Death[1] 25 Oct 1806 Thomaston, Knox, Maine, United States
Burial[2] Elm Grove Cemetery, Thomaston, Knox, Maine, United States
Reference Number? Q355680?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Henry Knox (July 25, 1750 – October 25, 1806), a Founding Father of the United States, was a senior general of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War and was appointed the first Secretary of War under the U.S. Constitution by president George Washington, serving from 1789 to 1794. During the war, he directed the artillery in most of Washington's campaigns, who appointed him first Secretary of War from 1789—1794. He initially oversaw the War Department as secretary under the Articles of Confederation, 1785—1789. He is perhaps best known today as the namesake of Fort Knox in Kentucky, the repository of a large portion of the nation's gold reserves.

Born and raised in Boston, Massachusetts, Knox owned and operated a bookstore there, cultivating an interest in military history and joining a local artillery company. He was on the scene of the 1770 Boston massacre. When the American Revolutionary War broke out in 1775, he helped General George Washington on artillery matters which proved decisive in driving the British out of Boston in 1776. Knox quickly rose to become the chief artillery officer of the Continental Army. In this role he accompanied Washington on most of his campaigns, and had some involvement in many major actions of the war. He established training centers for artillerymen and manufacturing facilities for weaponry that were valuable assets to the army that won the war for independence. He saw himself as the embodiment of revolutionary republican ideals. Knox initiated the concept of The Society of the Cincinnati, formally organizing the society and authoring its founding document as the war ended in 1783. It was an elite organization of veteran officers. The Continental Congress appointed him Secretary of War, where he dealt mostly with Indian affairs.

Following the adoption of the United States Constitution in 1789, he became President Washington's Secretary of War. In this role he oversaw the development of coastal fortifications, worked to improve the preparedness of local militia, and oversaw the nation’s military activity in the Northwest Indian War. He was formally responsible for the nation's relationship with the Indian population in the territories it claimed, articulating a policy that established federal government supremacy over the states in relating to Indian nations, and called for treating Indian nations as sovereign. Knox's idealistic views on the subject were frustrated by ongoing illegal settlements and fraudulent land transfers involving Indian lands. He retired to Thomaston, District of Maine in 1795, where he oversaw the rise of a business empire built on borrowed money. He died in 1806, leaving an estate that was bankrupt.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Henry Knox. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.


In April 1918, the area south of West Point, Kentucky used by field artillery units for military maneuvers for the Regular Army and the National Guards of several states since 1903, became a permanent training center and known as Camp Knox in honor of Henry Knox. Following the end of World War I and the cuts to the Army in 1921 after the National Defense Act of 1920, the camp mission was greatly reduced and became a semi-permanent Reserve Officer training center, the National Guard, and Citizen's Military Training Camps (CMTC). For a short while, from 1925 to 1928, the area was designated as "Camp Henry Knox National Forest."[3] It was renamed Fort Knox in 1928.[4] Another historic Army fort in Maine, now known as Fort Knox State Historic Site, built between 1844 and 1869, close to where he lived during his latter years, was also named after him.

There are towns and cities in Maine, Indiana, Iowa, Illinois, and Tennessee are named Knox or Knoxville in his honor. There are also counties named for Knox in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Tennessee, and Texas. The house he used as a headquarters in New Windsor, New York, during the Revolution has been preserved as Knox's Headquarters State Historic Site, and is a listed National Historic Landmark. Knox Township, Illinois, is named after Knox, as is Knox Place in the Bronx, New York. He has been honored by the U.S. Postal Service with an 8¢ Great Americans series postage stamp. His papers have been preserved at the Massachusetts Historical Society, and his personal library resides in the Boston Athenaeum in proximity to that of his friend, George Washington.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Henry Knox, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Gen Henry Knox, in Find A Grave: Elm Grove Cemetery, Thomaston, Knox County, Maine
    Memorial# 20979, Mar 28, 2001.

    Birth: Jul. 25, 1750
    Death: Oct. 21, 1806
    Burial: Elm Grove Cemetery, Thomaston, Knox County, Maine, USA

  3. Scenic Driving: Kentucky, page 181
  4. The Daily Bell Glossary: Fort Knox