Person:Henry Clay (17)

     
Sen. Henry Clay, of Ashland
  1. Sen. Henry Clay, of Ashland1777 - 1852
  • HSen. Henry Clay, of Ashland1777 - 1852
  • WLucretia Hart1781 - 1864
m. Abt 1799
  1. Henrietta Clay1800 - 1802
  2. Theodore Clay1802 - 1870
  3. Thomas Hart Clay1803 - 1871
  4. Susan Hart Clay1805 - 1825
  5. Anne Clay1807 - 1835
  6. Lucretia Hart Clay1809 - 1823
  7. Lt.Col. Henry Clay, Jr.1811 - 1847
  8. Eliza Clay1813 - 1825
  9. Laura Clay1815 - 1817
  10. James Brown Clay, Esq.1817 - 1864
  11. John Morrison Clay1821 - 1887
Facts and Events
Name[1] Sen. Henry Clay, of Ashland
Gender Male
Birth[1] 12 Apr 1777 Hanover, Virginia, United States
Marriage Abt 1799 Lexington, Fayette, Kentucky, United Statesat the bride's home
to Lucretia Hart
Occupation[1] From 1806 to 1852 Washington, District of Columbia, United StatesCongressman & U.S. Senator
Residence[1] Fayette County, KentuckyAshland (Henry Clay estate)
Death[1] 29 Jun 1852 Washington, District of Columbia, United States
Burial[1] Lexington Cemetery, Lexington, Fayette, Kentucky, United Statesin the family vault
Reference Number? Q319630?

Biographical Summary

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Henry Clay Sr. (April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852) was an American attorney and statesman who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives, served as 7th speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, and served as the 9th U.S. secretary of state. He received electoral votes for president in the 1824, 1832, and 1844 presidential elections and helped found both the National Republican Party and the Whig Party. For his role in defusing sectional crises, he earned the appellation of the "Great Compromiser."

Clay was born in Hanover County, Virginia in 1777 and launched a legal career in Lexington, Kentucky in 1797. As a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, Clay won election to the Kentucky state legislature in 1803 and to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1810. He was chosen as speaker of the House in early 1811 and, along with President James Madison, led the United States into the War of 1812 against Britain. In 1814, he helped negotiate the Treaty of Ghent, which brought an end to the War of 1812. After the war, Clay returned to his position as speaker of the House and developed the American System, which called for federal infrastructure investments, support for the national bank, and protective tariff rates. In 1820, he helped bring an end to a sectional crisis over slavery by leading the passage of the Missouri Compromise.

Clay finished with the fourth-most electoral votes in the multi-candidate 1824 presidential election, and he helped John Quincy Adams win the contingent election held to select the president. President Adams appointed Clay to the prestigious position of secretary of state; critics alleged that the two had agreed to a "corrupt bargain." Despite receiving support from Clay and other National Republicans, Adams was defeated by Democrat Andrew Jackson in the 1828 presidential election. Clay won election to the Senate in 1831 and ran as the National Republican nominee in the 1832 presidential election, but he was defeated by President Jackson. After the 1832 election, Clay helped bring an end to the Nullification Crisis by leading passage of the Tariff of 1833. During Jackson's second term, opponents of the president coalesced into the Whig Party, and Clay became a leading congressional Whig.

Clay sought the presidency in the 1840 election but was defeated at the Whig National Convention by William Henry Harrison. He clashed with Harrison's running mate and successor, John Tyler, who broke with Clay and other congressional Whigs after taking office in 1841. Clay resigned from the Senate in 1842 and won the 1844 Whig presidential nomination, but he was defeated in the general election by Democrat James K. Polk, who made the annexation of the Republic of Texas his key issue. Clay strongly criticized the subsequent Mexican–American War and sought the Whig presidential nomination in 1848, but was defeated by General Zachary Taylor. After returning to the Senate in 1849, Clay played a key role in passing the Compromise of 1850, which resolved a crisis over the status of slavery in the territories. Clay is generally regarded as one of the most important and influential political figures of his era.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Henry Clay. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

Research Notes

Identified as "Sen. Henry Clay of Ashland" to distinguish him from his 2nd cousin "Col. Henry Clay of Bourbon"

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Henry Clay, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

    United States Senator from Kentucky
    In office: March 4, 1849 – June 29, 1852
    Preceded by Thomas Metcalfe
    Succeeded by David Meriwether
    In office: November 10, 1831 – March 31, 1842
    Preceded by John Rowan
    Succeeded by John J. Crittenden
    In office: January 4, 1810 – March 3, 1811
    Preceded by Buckner Thruston
    Succeeded by George M. Bibb
    In office: December 29, 1806 – March 3, 1807
    Preceded by John Adair
    Succeeded by John Pope
    9th United States Secretary of State
    In office: March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829
    President John Quincy Adams
    Preceded by John Quincy Adams
    Succeeded by Martin Van Buren
    7th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
    In office: March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825
    Preceded by Philip Barbour
    Succeeded by John Taylor
    In office: March 4, 1815 – October 28, 1820
    Preceded by Langdon Cheves
    Succeeded by John Taylor
    In office: March 4, 1811 – January 19, 1814
    Preceded by Joseph Varnum
    Succeeded by Langdon Cheves
    Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky
    In office: March 4, 1823 – March 6, 1825
    Preceded by John Johnson
    Succeeded by James Clark
    Constituency 3rd district
    In office: March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1821
    Preceded by Joseph H. Hawkins
    Succeeded by Samuel Woodson
    Constituency 2nd district
    In office: March 4, 1813 – January 19, 1814
    Preceded by Samuel McKee
    Succeeded by Joseph H. Hawkins
    Constituency 2nd district
    In office: March 4, 1811 – March 3, 1813
    Preceded by William T. Barry
    Succeeded by Samuel Hopkins
    Constituency 5th district

    Henry Clay Postage Stamp (1983)
  2.   Historic home of Henry Clay marker description, in Kentucky Historical Society. Historical Marker Database
    18 April 1936.

    Ashland
    Marker Number 1
    County Fayette
    Location 120 Sycamore Rd., Lexington
    Description Historic home of Henry Clay. Orator-Statesman-Patriot. Kentucky's favorite son. Born-1777. Died-1852.

    Ashland
    Marker Number 2235
    County Fayette
    Location 120 Sycamore Road, Lexington
    Description Home of Henry Clay, born April 12, 1777, died June 29, 1852. Served as a state legislator, US rep. & senator, house speaker, secretary of state. He ran for president in 1824, 1832, & 1844. Also an attorney, he practiced law for more than 50 years. He imported and bred fine livestock here, including champion thoroughbreds. Over.

    (Reverse) Clay & Abraham Lincoln- Lincoln called Clay "my beau ideal of a statesman, for whom I fought all my humble life." Lincoln voted for Clay in 1832 & 1844. Family of Lincoln's wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, were friends with Clay. Lincoln based his political ideology on ideals of Clay & quoted him in many important speeches. Over.