Person:Guy of Lusignan (1)

Guy of Lusignan
b.c. 1150 or 1159/1160
d.18 Jul 1194 Nicosia, Cyprus
m. Abt 1129
  1. Hugh IX de Lusignan - Aft 1165
  2. Geoffroy de LusignanAbt 1130 - 1216
  3. Amalric II _____, of Jerusalem1145 - 1205
  4. Guy of Lusignan1159/60 - 1194
  5. Hugh De Lusignan, IXAbt 1191 - 1208
  6. Geoffrey de LusiganAbt 1193 -
  7. Racul de LusiganAbt 1199 -
  8. Pierre de LusiganAbt 1201 -
  9. Robert de Lusignan
  10. Pierre de Lusignan - Aft 1174
  11. Guillaume de Lusignan - Bef 1208
m. 1180
Facts and Events
Name Guy of Lusignan
Alt Name Guy de Lusigan
Gender Male
Birth[1] c. 1150 or 1159/1160
Marriage 1180 to Sibylla of Jerusalem
Death[1] 18 Jul 1194 Nicosia, Cyprus
Reference Number? Q294192?
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Guy of Lusignan (c. 1150 – 18 July 1194) was a French Poitevin knight, son of Hugh VIII of Lusignan and as such born of the House of Lusignan. He was king of Jerusalem from 1186 to 1192 by right of marriage to Sibylla of Jerusalem, and King of Cyprus from 1192 to 1194. Having arrived in the Holy Land (where his brother Aimery of Lusignan was already prominent) at an unknown date, Guy was hastily married to Sibylla in 1180 to prevent a political incident within the kingdom. As the health of his brother-in-law, Baldwin IV of Jerusalem, deteriorated, Guy was appointed by Sibylla as regent for his stepson, Baldwin V of Jerusalem. Baldwin IV died in 1185, followed shortly by Baldwin V in 1186, leading to the succession of Sibylla and Guy to the throne. Guy's reign was marked by increased hostilities with the Ayyubids ruled by Saladin, culminating in the Battle of Hattin in July 1187—during which Guy was captured—and the fall of Jerusalem itself three months later.

Following a year of imprisonment in Damascus, Guy was released by Saladin. After being denied entry to Tyre, one of the last crusader strongholds, by Conrad of Montferrat, Guy besieged Acre in 1189. The siege, during which Guy's wife died, developed into a rallying point for the Third Crusade, led by Philip II of France and Richard I of England. Guy entered a bitter row with Conrad over the kingship of Jerusalem; despite Richard's support for the widower king, Conrad married Sibylla's half-sister Isabella and was elected king by the nobility of the kingdom. Conrad was killed by Assassins days after the election; Richard's and Guy's involvement in the incident is suspected, but unproven. Nevertheless, Guy was compensated for the dispossession of his crown by being given lordship of Cyprus in 1192, which Richard had taken from the Byzantine Empire en route to the Levant. Guy ruled the Kingdom of Cyprus until his death in 1194, when he was succeeded by his brother Aimery.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Guy of Lusignan, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.