Person:Richard I of England (1)

Richard I "The Lionheart" _____, of England
m. 12 May 1191
  1. Philip _____ - Abt 1121
  • HRichard I "The Lionheart" _____, of England1157 - 1199
  1. Philip of Cognac _____ - Aft 1201
Facts and Events
Name Richard I "The Lionheart" _____, of England
Alt Name Richard the Lionheart Normandy
Gender Male
Birth[1] 8 Sep 1157 Oxford, Oxfordshire, EnglandBeaumont Palace, House of Plantagenet
Occupation? 1168 Duke of Aquitaine
Occupation? 1172 Count of Poitiers
Occupation? 1189 Duke of Normandie
Occupation? 1189 Count of Anjou
Occupation? 1189 Count of Maine
Occupation[1] 6 Jul 1189 King of England
Marriage 12 May 1191 , Limassol, Limassol, Cypusto Berengaria of Navarre
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Alys _____, Countess of the Vexin
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Unknown
Other  No accepted wife?
with Unknown
Death[1] 6 Apr 1199 Châlus, Haute-Vienne, FranceChâteau de Chalus-Chabrol
Burial[2] Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, France
Physical Description? 6 feet 4 inches tall with red hair and grey eyes
Reference Number? Q42305?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death in 1199. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, and Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, and was overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine and seemed unlikely to become king, but all his brothers except the youngest, John, predeceased their father. Richard is known as Richard Cœur de Lion (Norman French: Le quor de lion) or Richard the Lionheart because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior. The troubadour Bertran de Born also called him Richard Oc-e-Non (Occitan for Yes and No), possibly from a reputation for .

By the age of 16, Richard had taken command of his own army, putting down rebellions in Poitou against his father.[1] Richard was an important Christian commander during the Third Crusade, leading the campaign after the departure of Philip II of France and achieving considerable victories against his Muslim counterpart, Saladin, although he finalised a peace treaty and ended the campaign without retaking Jerusalem.

Richard probably spoke both French and Occitan. He was born in England, where he spent his childhood; before becoming king, however, he lived most of his adult life in the Duchy of Aquitaine, in the southwest of France. Following his accession, he spent very little time, perhaps as little as six months, in England. Most of his life as king was spent on Crusade, in captivity, or actively defending his lands in France. Rather than regarding his kingdom as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, he has been perceived as preferring to use it merely as a source of revenue to support his armies. Nevertheless, he was seen as a pious hero by his subjects. He remains one of the few kings of England remembered more commonly by his epithet than his regnal number, and is an enduring iconic figure both in England and in France.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Richard I of England. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Richard I of England, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. RICHARD, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  3.   Richard acknowledged only one illegitimate child, Philip of Cognac