Person:Eliza Moles (2)

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Eliza Moles
m. 20 May 1827
  1. Maria Moles1828 - 1907
  2. George Moles1831 - 1904
  3. Eliza Moles1833 - 1897
  4. Hannah Moles1836 - 1837
  5. Thomas Moles1838 - 1895
  6. Betsy Moles1842 - 1920
  7. Hannah Ann Moles1848 - 1928
m. 6 Jan 1855
  1. George Ellis1856 -
Facts and Events
Name Eliza Moles
Gender Female
Christening[1] 26 May 1833 Willian, Hertfordshire, EnglandAll Saints
Census[2] 6 Jun 1841 Willian, Hertfordshire, England
Census[3] 30 Mar 1851 Willian, Hertfordshire, England
Marriage 6 Jan 1855 Willian, Hertfordshire, Englandto William Ellis
Census[4] 7 Apr 1861 Willian, Hertfordshire, England
Census[5] 2 Apr 1871 Willian, Hertfordshire, England32 Terrace Cottages
Census[6] 3 Apr 1881 Willian, Hertfordshire, England32 Terrace Cottages
Census[7] 5 Apr 1891 Willian, Hertfordshire, England35 Terrace Cottages
Burial[9] 20 Sep 1897 Offley, Hertfordshire, England

Eliza Moles was baptised on 26th May 1833 at Willian in Hertfordshire, daughter of a straw plaiter named Hannah Moles, formerly Pratt, and her husband William Moles, an agricultural labourer. Eliza appears in the 1841 census living at Willian with her parents and siblings, and next door to her paternal grandparents. In the 1851 census she was still living with her parents and siblings in Willian, and working as a straw plaiter.

On 6th January 1855, aged 21, Eliza married a labourer named William Ellis. He was from the parish of Little Wymondley, a short way south of Willian. They married at Willian, but then moved to Graveley, another local parish, where their only child, George, was baptised exactly a year after their marriage. Shortly after George's baptism, William died, aged 27, leaving Eliza a widow at the age of 22, with a young baby to look after. In 1857, Eliza's mother also died.

By 1861, Eliza and her son George were living with her sisters and their recently widowed father in Willian. By 1871 Eliza's sisters had all left home, leaving just Eliza, George and her father William. In 1867 a new landlord, Charles Frederick Hancock, had bought the village and rebuilt many of its cottages.[10] It is also from about this time that the names and numbers are recorded for the cottages. The 1871 census finds Eliza, George and William living at 32 Terrace Cottages, which stood on the south-east side of Church Road facing towards All Saints' Church. Terrace Cottages were rebuilt in the 1930s which suggests that perhaps they were not built in the 1867 remodelling of the village, but were older cottages.

In 1876 Eliza's 72 year old father was convicted of indecently assaulting a ten year old girl in the paddock behind their cottage. At his trial, Eliza was reported as having said "Father, I shan't be here when you come back, bringing this disgrace upon the family." He was sentenced to six months' imprisonment. It is not clear whether Eliza did take him back after his release from jail. He died in the Hitchin Union Workhouse in 1879.

The 1881 census finds Eliza still living at 32 Terrace Cottages, but now living alone. In 1891 Eliza was still the occupier of 32 Terrace Cottages, but she spent census night visiting one of her neighbours at 35 Terrace Cottages.

Some time between 1891 and 1897 Eliza left Willian and moved a few miles west to Offley. It is not clear why she did this, as her only son had moved north to Bedfordshire. Eliza died in 1897, aged 64. She died at the age of 64 and was buried at Offley on 20th September 1897.

References
  1. Baptisms register, in Church of England. Willian Parish Registers.

    No. 202
    When baptised: 26 May 1833
    Name: Eliza
    Parents: William & Hannah
    Surname: Mole
    Abode: Willian
    Father's occupation: Laborer

  2. England. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA): 1841 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class HO107; Piece 437; Book 11; Folio 4; Page 1, 6 Jun 1841.

    Address: Willian, Hertfordshire
    Thomas Moles, male, 60 [1776-81], Lab[ourer], not born in county
    Thomas Moles jun[io]r, male, 13 [1827/8], Lab[ourer], born in county
    Mary Ann Moles, female, 59 [1781/2], not born in county
    Eliza Moles, female, 15 [1821-6], born in county
    ~ next house ~
    W[illia]m Moles, male, 35 [1801-6], Lab[ourer], not born in county
    George Moles, male, 10 [1830/1], Lab[ourer], born in county
    Eliza Moles, female, 8 [1832/3], born in county
    Thomas Moles, male, 3 [1837/8], born in county
    Hanah Moles, female, 35 [1801-6], born in county
    Maria Moles, female, 13 [1827/8], born in county
    W[illia]m Pratt, male, 20 [1816-21], Lab[ourer], born in county

  3. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1851 Census Schedules. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class HO107; Piece 1709; Folio 137; Page 7, 30 Mar 1851.

    Address: Village, Willian, Hertfordshire
    William Moles, head, married, male, 47 [1803/4], Ag[ricultural] Lab[oure]r, b. Stotfold, Bedfordshire
    Hanah Moles, wife, married, female, 46 [1804/5], Platting, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Elizar Moles, daughter, unmarried, female, 18 [1832/3], Platting, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Betsy Moles, daughter, unmarried, female, 9 [1841/2], Platting, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Hannah Moles, daughter, female, 2 [1848/9], b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Thomas Moles, son, unmarried, male, 12 [1838/9], b. Willian, Hertfordshire

  4. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1861 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG9; Piece 816; Folio 83; Page 3, 7 Apr 1861.

    Address: Cott[age], Willian, Hertfordshire
    William Moles, head, widower, male, 56 [1804/5], Farmers Laborer, b. Stotfold, Bedfordshire
    Elizer Ellis, daughter, widower, female, 28 [1832/3], Straw Platter, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Betsey Moles, daughter, unmarried, female, 18 [1842/3], Straw Platter, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    Hannah Moles, daughter, female, 12 [1848/9], Scholar, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    George Ellis, grandson, male, 5 [1855/6], Scholar, b. Graveley, Hertfordshire

  5. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1871 Census Schedules. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG10; Piece 1365; Folio 20; Page 18, 2 Apr 1871.

    Address: No. 32 Terrace, Willian, Hertfordshire
    William Mole, head, widower, male, 67 [1803/4], Lab[ourer], b. Stotfold, Bedfordshire
    Eliza Ellis, daughter, widow, female, 38 [1832/3], Plaiter, b. Willian, Hertfordshire
    George Ellis, grandson, unmarried, male, 15 [1855/6], Lab[ourer], b. Graveley, Hertfordshire

  6. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1881 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands: . (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG11; Piece 1416; Folio 119; Page 14, 3 Apr 1881.

    Address: Terrace Cottage 32, Willian, Hertfordshire
    Eliza Ellis, head, widow, female, 47 [1833/4], Straw Plaiter, b. Willian, Hertfordshire

  7. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1891 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG12; Piece 1105; Folio 102; Page 9, 5 Apr 1891.

    Address: 35 Terrace Cottage, Willian, Hertfordshire
    Sarah Ann Wheeler, head, widow, female, 72 [1818/19], Living on her means, b. Somersham, Huntingdonshire
    Elizabeth Ellis, visitor, widow, female, 54 [1836/7], occupier of No. 35 [sic] Terrace (own means), b. Willian, Hertfordshire

    32 Terrace Cottage has a note saying "Sleeping at No. 38 [sic] on the 5th April 1891".

  8.   Deaths index, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office).

    d. Eliza ELLIS, September Quarter 1897, Hitchin Registration District, Volume 3a, page 354, aged 62 [1834/5]

  9. Burials register, in Church of England. Offley Parish Registers, 1653-1943. (Hertford: Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies).

    BURIALS in the Parish of Offley in the County of Hertford in the year One thousand eight hundred and ninety seven
    No. 429
    Name: Eliza Ellis
    Abode: Offley
    When buried: Sept[embe]r 20 1897
    Age: 62 y[ea]rs [1834/5]
    By whom the Ceremony was performed: C.R.W. Hardy, Vicar

  10. Letchworth: The First Garden City, Mervyn Miller, Phillimore, Chichester, 1989 (2nd ed. 2002) p.32