Person:Eleanor of Aquitaine (1)

Aliénor d'Aquitaine, Reine des Francs, Queen of England
Facts and Events
Name[1][3] Aliénor d'Aquitaine, Reine des Francs, Queen of England
Alt Name[3] Éléonore d'Aquitaine
Unknown Aliénor of Poitiers
Alt Name Eleonora van AQUITANIE en POITOU
Unknown Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of England
Alt Name Éléonore de Guyenne
Gender Female
Birth[3] 1122 Poitou, FranceHouse of Ramnulfids
Alt Birth? 1122 Bordeaux, Guienne, FranceChâteau Belin
Title (nobility)[3] 9 apr 1137 Duchess Of Aquitaine
Marriage 22 Jul 1137 Bordeaux, Gironde, Franceto Louis VII de France
Title (nobility)[3] 1 aug 1137 Reine des Francs
Reference Number[1] Q178525?
Annulment 11 March 1152 from Louis VII de France
Marriage 18 May 1152 Poitiers, Vienne, Franceto King Henry "Curtmantle" II , of England
Alt Marriage 18 May 1152 Bordeaux Cathedral
to King Henry "Curtmantle" II , of England
Title (nobility)[3] 19 Dec 1154 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandAccession as Queen of England
Alt Death? 26 Jun 1202 Mirabell Castle, Poitiers, Maine, France
Death? 3 Mar 1204 Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, France
Burial? 31 Mar 1204 Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, France
Alt Death? 31 Mar 1204 Anjou, Isère, Rhône-Alpes, France
Alt Death[3] 1 Apr 1204 Poitiers, Vienne, France

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Eleanor of Aquitaine (; 1122 or 1124 – 1 April 1204) was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in western Europe during the High Middle Ages and a member of the Ramnulfid dynasty of rulers in southwestern France. She became Duchess of Aquitaine in her own right while she was still a child, then later Queen consort of France (1137–1152) and of England (1154–1189). She was the patron of literary figures such as Wace, Benoît de Sainte-Maure, and Bernart de Ventadorn.

Eleanor's succession to the duchy of Aquitaine in 1137 made her the most eligible bride in Europe. Three months after she became duchess, she married King Louis VII of France, son of her guardian, King Louis VI. As Queen of France, she participated in the unsuccessful Second Crusade. Soon after, Eleanor sought an annulment of her marriage, but her request was rejected by Pope Eugene III. However, after the birth of her second daughter Alix, Louis agreed to an annulment in consideration of her failure to bear a son after fifteen years of marriage. The marriage was annulled on 11 March 1152 on the grounds of consanguinity within the fourth degree. Their daughters were declared legitimate and custody was awarded to Louis, while Eleanor's lands were restored to her.

As soon as the annulment was granted, Eleanor became engaged to Henry, Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou, who became King Henry II of England in 1154. Henry was her third cousin (cousin of the third degree), and nine years younger. The couple married on 18 May 1152 (Whit Sunday), eight weeks after the annulment of Eleanor's first marriage, in a cathedral in Poitiers, France. Over the next thirteen years, she bore Henry eight children: five sons, three of whom would become kings; and three daughters. However, Henry and Eleanor eventually became estranged. Henry imprisoned her in 1173 for supporting her son Henry's revolt against her husband, and she was not released until 6 July 1189 when Henry died, and their son ascended the English throne as Richard I.

Now queen dowager, Eleanor acted as regent while Richard went on the Third Crusade, where he was captured and held prisoner. Eleanor lived well into the reign of her youngest son, John. By the time of her death, she had outlived all her children except for King John and Queen Eleanor of Castile.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Eleanor of Aquitaine. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Eleanor of Aquitaine, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   ELEONORE d'Aquitaine (Nieul-sur-Autize, Vendée or Château de Belin, Guyenne or Palais d’Ombrière, Bordeaux 1122-Abbaye de Fontevrault 1 Apr 1204, bur Abbaye de Fontevrault)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Biographie en Wikipedia FR, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, [[1]], trouvée 2015, Secondary quality.

    Aliénor d’Aquitaine, dite également Éléonore d'Aquitaine ou de Guyenne, née vers 1122 ou 11241,2 et morte le 31 mars ou le 1er avril 12043, à Poitiers4 et non à l'abbaye de Fontevraud5,6, a été tour à tour reine des Francs, puis d’Angleterre.

    Duchesse d’Aquitaine, elle occupe une place centrale dans les relations au xiie siècle entre les royaumes de France et d’Angleterre : elle épouse successivement le roi de France Louis VII, à qui elle donne deux filles, puis Henri Plantagenêt, le futur roi d’Angleterre Henri II, renversant ainsi le rapport des forces en apportant ses terres à l’un puis à l’autre des deux souverains. À la cour fastueuse qu'elle tient en Aquitaine, elle favorise l'expression poétique des troubadours en langue d'oc. À compter de son premier mariage (pendant lequel elle a participé à la deuxième croisade), elle joue un rôle politique important dans l’Europe médiévale.