Person:Christian II of Denmark (1)

Christian II of Denmark
b.1 Jul 1481
m. 06 SEP 1478
  1. Christian II of Denmark - 1559
  2. Elizabeth of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden - 1555
  1. Christine af Danmark1521 - 1590
  • HChristian II of Denmark - 1559
  • W.  Isabella Van Spanje En (add)
m. 12 AUG 1515
Facts and Events
Name Christian II of Denmark
Gender Male
Birth? 1 Jul 1481
Alt Birth? 02 JUL 1481 Nijborg
Reference Number? Q154460?
Marriage 12 AUG 1515 Kopenhagento Isabella Van Spanje En (add)
Death? 25 JAN 1559 Kalundborg, Vestsjælland, Denmark
Burial? Odense, Fyn, Denmark


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Christian II (1 July 1481 – 25 January 1559) reigned as King of Denmark and Norway from 1513 until 1523 and of Sweden from 1520 until 1521. He was the oldest son of King John and belonged to the House of Oldenburg. Denmark was then an elective monarchy in which the nobility elected the new king, who had to share his power with them. After his short reign in Sweden, where he was also known as Christian the Tyrant (Kristian Tyrann), he was deposed by the nobleman Gustav Vasa. His reign in Denmark and Norway was cut short when his uncle deposed him and took the thrones as Frederick I. Christian was then exiled to the Netherlands, then ruled by his brother-in-law, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.

He came into conflict with the Danish nobility when he was forced to sign a charter, more strict than any previous, to ensure that they would elect him. Through domestic reforms he later sought to set it aside. Internationally, he tried to maintain the Kalmar Union between the Scandinavian countries which brought him to war with Sweden, lasting between 1518 and 1523. Though he captured the country in 1520, his slaughter of leading Swedish nobility afterwards (known as the Stockholm Bloodbath) made him despised and he was thrown out by the following rebellion. His problems grew as he tried to limit the influence of foreign trading nations in Denmark. In 1523, he was deposed in Denmark and Norway. After attempting to reclaim the thrones in 1531, he was arrested and held in captivity for the rest of his life first in Sønderborg Castle and afterwards at the castle of Kalundborg. Supporters tried to restore him to power both during his exile and his imprisonment but they were defeated definitively in 1536.

In 1515, he married Isabella of Austria, granddaughter of the Holy Roman Emperor. However, he is most known for his relation with Dyveke Sigbritsdatter, a commonner of Dutch ancestry who became his mistress before his marriage and whose mother became his closest advisor. When Dyveke suddenly died in 1517, Christian had the nobleman Torben Oxe executed, on dubious ground, for having poisoned her. Dyveke’s mother would follow Christian in exile but his in-laws forced him to break their friendship. As a captive, he was treated well and as he grew older he was gradually given more freedom. He died aged 77, outliving not only his uncle but also his cousin, King Christian III. He was intelligent but irresolute (he could not decide between Protestantism and Catholicism for instance), which is also part of his legacy in fiction literature.

His wife was offered to return to Denmark while in exile but declined and died in 1526, after which her family took Christian's children from him. Christian tried to have his son John recognized as heir to the throne; however, this was denied and John died only a year later. His daughters, Dorothea and Christina, the only of his children to survive childhood, also made claims to the throne on behalf of themselves or their children but likewise in vain.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Christian II of Denmark. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1.   Christian II of Denmark, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.