Place:Sweden


NameSweden
Alt namesKingdom of Swedensource: Wikipedia
Konungariket Sverigesource: Britannica Book of the Year (1992) p 707; Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 722
Schwedensource: Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) p 1468
Sueciasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 82
Suèdesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 82
Suéciasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1989) p 344
Sverigesource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Sveziasource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 1007
Swedsource: Common abbreviation
Zwedensource: Wikipedia NL
TypeNation
Coordinates62°N 15°E

Contents

According to Wikipedia

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sweden, formally the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: ), is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At , Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million[1] of which 2.4 million has a foreign background. It has a low population density of . The highest concentration is in the southern half of the country.

Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats (Swedish Götar) and Swedes (Svear) and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia. The climate is in general very mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers. Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, which is also the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state, currently divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities.

An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture, finances and languages. This led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and eventually the Swedish Empire was formed. This became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were gradually lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since then, Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs. The union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 openly moved towards cooperation with NATO.

After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union (EU) on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone (EZ) membership following a referendum. It is also a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens. It has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks highly in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, health, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality, prosperity and human development.[2]

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Sweden. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

How places in Sweden are organized at WeRelate

Prior to 1634, Sweden was divided into provinces. In 1634 the provinces were replaced by counties. although the regions remain in informal use. The counties have been relatively stable since then, although a couple of county mergers took place in 1997 and 1998. The standard at WeRelate is to title Swedish place pages according to the county they belonged to in the early 1900's, with also-located-in links to the current county if it is different.

In the context of Geneaology, Swedish place names are typically recorded in the following fashion: "Location, Parish, Municipality, County, Sweden", where "Location" is a village, town, farm or in bigger cities the name of the block. The exception is Gotland, where the municipality and county (and indeed the region) is one and the same, so there you write "Location, Parish, Gotland, Sweden". You may also encounter a shorthand, especially when it's implied that the location is Sweden of just writing "Parish (X)" where X is a letter signifying which county the parish is located in.

Putting places into their proper municipality is an ongoing project at WeRelate. If you have some knowledge in this area, please help!

All places in Sweden

Further information on historical place organization in Sweden

External Links

FSwiki:Sweden

Research Tips

The most useful source of information for Swedish genealogy are the church records, recording births, deaths, marriages and migrations. They were stipulated by law in 1686, and although there are missing records they often stretch to the early 18th century, and in some cases as far back as the 16th century.

Images of these books are available online with subscriptions from:

  • Arkiv Digital - High resolution color imaging of most of Sweden's church records.
  • Ancestry.se - Black and white images of the Utah microfilm copies of Swedish church records. Often very poor quality. This same database is also available from Genline, but that subscription is for unknown reasons slightly more expensive even though Ancestry.se owns Genline.se. There are efforts to make the records available in textual form so they are searchable. These databases are very incomplete, but can still be useful starting points when looking for people.
  • FamilySearch - Note that Familysearch has many women with masculine patronymic last names like "Andersson" when they should be "Andersdotter".
  • Släktdata - In Swedish
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog