Person:Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1)

Maximilian I _____, Holy Roman Emperor
m. 16 Mar 1451/52
  1. Maximilian I _____, Holy Roman Emperor1459 - 1519
  2. Kunigunde of Austria1465 - 1520
m. 18 Aug 1477
  1. Philip I "The Handsome" _____, of Castile and León1478 - 1506
  2. Archduchess Margaret of Austria1480 - 1530
m. 16 Mar 1493/94
  • HMaximilian I _____, Holy Roman Emperor1459 - 1519
  • W.  Margaretha of Edelsheim (add)
  1. George of Austria1505 - 1557
Facts and Events
Name Maximilian I _____, Holy Roman Emperor
Gender Male
Birth[1] 22 Mar 1459 Wiener Neustadt, Niederösterreich, AustriaHouse of Habsburg
Marriage 18 Aug 1477 Ghent, Flandersto Marie Princess of Bourgogne
Alt Marriage 20 Aug 1477 Gand, East Flanders, Belgiumto Marie Princess of Bourgogne
Marriage 16 Mar 1493/94 to Bianca Maria Sforza
Marriage to Margaretha of Edelsheim (add)
Death[1] 12 Jan 1519 Wels, Oberösterreich, Austria
Reference Number? Q150726?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Maximilian I (22 March 1459 – 12 January 1519) was King of the Romans from 1486 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death. He was never crowned by the pope, as the journey to Rome was blocked by the Venetians. He proclaimed himself Elected Emperor in 1508 (Pope Julius II later recognized this) at Trent, thus breaking the long tradition of requiring a Papal coronation for the adoption of the Imperial title. Maximilian was the son of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleanor of Portugal. Since his coronation as King of the Romans in 1486, he ran a double government, or Doppelregierung (with a separate court), with his father until Frederick's death in 1493.

Maximilian expanded the influence of the House of Habsburg through war and his marriage in 1477 to Mary of Burgundy, the ruler of the Burgundian State, heir of Charles the Bold, though he also lost his family's original lands in today's Switzerland to the Swiss Confederacy. Through marriage of his son Philip the Handsome to eventual queen Joanna of Castile in 1498, Maximilian helped to establish the Habsburg dynasty in Spain, which allowed his grandson Charles to hold the thrones of both Castile and Aragon. The historian Thomas A. Brady Jr. describes him as "the first Holy Roman Emperor in 250 years who ruled as well as reigned" and also, the "ablest royal warlord of his generation."

Nicknamed "Coeur d’acier" (“Heart of steel”) by Olivier de la Marche and later historians (either as praise for his courage and martial qualities or reproach for his ruthlessness as a warlike ruler), Maximilian has entered the public consciousness as "the last knight" (der letzte Ritter), especially since the eponymous poem by Anastasius Grün was published (although the nickname likely existed even in Maximilian's lifetime). Scholarly debates still discuss whether he was truly the last knight (either as an idealized medieval ruler leading people on horseback, or a Don Quixote-type dreamer and misadventurer), or the first Renaissance prince — an amoral Machiavellian politician who carried his family "to the European pinnacle of dynastic power" largely on the back of loans. Historians of the second half of the nineteenth century like Leopold von Ranke tended to criticize Maximilian for putting the interest of his dynasty above that of Germany, hampering the nation's unification process. Ever since 's Kaiser Maximilian I. Das Reich, Österreich und Europa an der Wende zur Neuzeit (1971-1986) became the standard work, a much more positive image of the emperor has emerged. He is seen as an essentially modern, innovative ruler who carried out important reforms and promoted significant cultural achievements, even if the financial price weighed hard on the Austrians and his military expansion caused the deaths and sufferings of tens of thousands of people.[1]

Through an "unprecedented" image-building program, with the help of many notable scholars and artists, in his lifetime, the emperor – "the promoter, coordinator, and prime mover, an artistic impresario and entrepreneur with seemingly limitless energy and enthusiasm and an unfailing eye for detail" – had built for himself "a virtual royal self" of a quality that historians call "unmatched" or "hitherto unimagined". To this image, new layers have been added by the works of later artists in the centuries following his death, both as continuation of deliberately crafted images developed by his program as well as development of spontaneous sources and exploration of actual historical events, creating what Elaine Tennant dubs the "Maximilian industry".

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Maximilian I von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.