Person:Black Wolf (1)

Black Wolf
Facts and Events
Name Black Wolf
Gender Male
Birth? 1741
Other? 10 November 1777 Point Pleasant, Virginia, USAhis father and step-brother were murdered by Captain James Hall and associates
Other[1] April 1782 Burkes Garden, Tazewell, Virginia, United Stateshe attacked the family of Thomas English/ Ingles
Other[6] 7 Sept 1784 Abbs Valley, Tazewell, Virginia, United Stateskidnapped 14 year old James Moore who was later sold to a French Canadian family named Ariome.
Other[2] 12 Nov 1788 McDowell, West Virginia, United Statesbattle with Capt. Henry "Old Skygusta" Harman, Sr near modern day Thorpe
Other[3] 1 October 1789 Bland County, Virginia, USAhe was said to be part of the raid that captured Jenny WIley
Marriage abt 1790 (date of Jenny's captivity)
to Jean "Jenny Wiley" Sellards

He lived in what is now Black Wolf Town, West Virginia. (needs citation)

  1. Attack on the Thomas Ingles Family [1], in Addington, Luther F., and Emory L. Hamilton. Historical Sketches of Southwest Virginia. (Virginia, USA: Historical Society of Southwest Virginia), Publication 3, 1967.

    However, it was the notorious chief, Black Wolf, and a band of outlaw Shawnees, whom he'd never got acquainted with on the Ohio, that attacked his home that April, 1782.

  2. #29191413 Capt. Henry "Old Skygusta" Harman, Sr, in Find A Grave.
  3. Harman, John Newton. Harman genealogy (southern branch) with biographical sketches, 1700-1924. (Richmond [Virginia]: W.C. Hill Printing Co., c1925).

    Excerpts: "The frequency of the raids, led by the noted Black Wolf, and the merciless character of those raids, strongly support the suggestion of Mr. Hale, that he is the same Wolf who was a son of the great Shawnee chief, Cornstalk..."
    "Wolf led the raid on the Ingle family in Burk's garden. Wolf led the several raids into Abb's Valley on the Moore family and other families. Wolf, as we have seen, was conspicuous in the raid, gloriously defeated by the Harmans at Warfield (Tug river) and the raid that captured Mrs. Wiley."

  4.   Hale, John Peter. Trans-Allegheny pioneers: historical sketches of the first white settlers west of the Alleghenies, 1748 and after, wonderful experiences of hardships and heroism of those who first braved the dangers of the inhospitable wilderness, and the savage tribes that then inhabited it. (Cincinnati Ohio: The Graphic Press , 1886).

    [Note: there are many errors in this book.] Excerpt: It is known that the leader of the several parties who captured Thomas Ingles' family, in Burke's Garden, in 1782, captured James Moore, Jr., in 1784, and destroyed the family of James Moore, Sr., in 1786, was named Black Wolf. As he is not afterwards heard of along the borders, I think it strongly probable that it was the veritable Black Wolf whose career had been so ingloriously terminated by the horse Yorick; and this suggests the probable identity of Black Wolf and Wolf, the son of Cornstalk. It is said that Cornstalk had a son called Wolf, who went to Williamsburg with Lord Dunmore, after the treaty at Camp Charlotte, ostensibly, I believe, as a hostage, with other Indians, but more likely, really, to be manipulated in the interest of Dunmore and the English against the Colonies. When Governor Dunmore fled, the Indians returned to their wilderness homes. I know of no after history of Wolf, unless it be as Black Wolf, who had just the huge physical frame and bold, daring traits of character that we should expect a son to inherit from such a father. This, of course, is not history, but simply conjecture, based upon reasonable probabilities.

  5.   The Death of Chief Peter Cornstalk (III) By Freda Cruse Phillips
  6. John Poage of Rockbridge County, Virginia
    Excerpt: “ Martha married Captain James Moore, and they settled in Abbs Valley in Tazewell County, just to the west of where the town of Pocahontas is now. In 1785, their oldest son James was taken captive by a Shawnee war party led by Black Wolf and was later sold to a French Canadian family named Ariome.The same chief led a raid on the Moore farm the following year and killed most of the family. Martha, four of her children and Mattie Evans, a visiting cousin were taken captive." From Carolyn Szabad