Person:Æthelwulf of Wessex (1)

Æthelwulf _____, King of Wessex
b.Bet 795 and 810
d.13 Jan 858 Wessex, England
m. between about 789 and 792
  1. Æthelwulf _____, King of WessexBet 795 & 810 - 858
  2. Eadgyth _____Abt 808 -
  • HÆthelwulf _____, King of WessexBet 795 & 810 - 858
  1. Æthelstan of WessexAbt 820 & 826 - Bet 851 & 855
  2. Æthelberht of WessexAbt 830 & 835 - 866
  • HÆthelwulf _____, King of WessexBet 795 & 810 - 858
  • WOsburh _____ - Abt 852 & 855
m. between about 830 and 833
  1. Æthelbald of WessexAbt 835 & 840 - 860
  2. Æthelswith of WessexAbt 838 to 841 - 888
  3. Æthelred I of WessexAbt 844 to 847 - Bet 15 & 871
  4. Ælfred "the Great" of Wessex, King of the West Saxons849 - 899
  • HÆthelwulf _____, King of WessexBet 795 & 810 - 858
  • WJudith de France843 - 870
m. 1 Oct 856
Facts and Events
Name[1] Æthelwulf _____, King of Wessex
Gender Male
Alt Birth? Abt 795 Aachen, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany
Birth[11] Bet 795 and 810 House of Wessex
Marriage to Unknown
Marriage between about 830 and 833 to Osburh _____
Marriage 1 Oct 856 Verberie, Oise, Franceto Judith de France
Death[11][12][14][15] 13 Jan 858 Wessex, England
Burial[1] Steyning, Sussex, England
Alt Burial[1][11][12][15] Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England
Reference Number[1] Q272326?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Æthelwulf (; Old English for "Noble Wolf"; died 13 January 858) was King of Wessex from 839 to 858. In 825, his father, King Egbert, defeated King Beornwulf of Mercia, ending a long Mercian dominance over Anglo-Saxon England south of the Humber. Egbert sent Æthelwulf with an army to Kent, where he expelled the Mercian sub-king and was himself appointed sub-king. After 830, Egbert maintained good relations with Mercia, and this was continued by Æthelwulf when he became king in 839, the first son to succeed his father as West Saxon king since 641.

The Vikings were not a major threat to Wessex during Æthelwulf's reign. In 843, he was defeated in a battle against the Vikings at Carhampton in Somerset, but he achieved a major victory at the Battle of Aclea in 851. In 853 he joined a successful Mercian expedition to Wales to restore the traditional Mercian hegemony, and in the same year his daughter Æthelswith married King Burgred of Mercia. In 855 Æthelwulf went on pilgrimage to Rome. In preparation he gave a "decimation", donating a tenth of his personal property to his subjects; he appointed his eldest surviving son Æthelbald to act as King of Wessex in his absence, and his next son Æthelberht to rule Kent and the south-east. Æthelwulf spent a year in Rome, and on his way back he married Judith, the daughter of the West Frankish King Charles the Bald.

When Æthelwulf returned to England, Æthelbald refused to surrender the West Saxon throne, and Æthelwulf agreed to divide the kingdom, taking the east and leaving the west in Æthelbald's hands. On Æthelwulf's death in 858 he left Wessex to Æthelbald and Kent to Æthelberht, but Æthelbald's death only two years later led to the reunification of the kingdom.

In the 20th century Æthelwulf's reputation among historians was poor: he was seen as excessively pious and impractical, and his pilgrimage was viewed as a desertion of his duties. Historians in the 21st century see him very differently, as a king who consolidated and extended the power of his dynasty, commanded respect on the continent, and dealt more effectively than most of his contemporaries with Viking attacks. He is regarded as one of the most successful West Saxon kings, who laid the foundations for the success of his son, Alfred the Great.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Æthelwulf of Wessex. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Æthelwulf of Wessex, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Searle, William George. Anglo-Saxon bishops, kings and nobles, the succession of the bishops and the pedigrees of the kings and nobles. (Cambridge: University Press in Cambridge, 1899)
    pp. 343-344.
  3.   The Royal Line of Succession, A16A225, p. 6.
  4.   Burke's Peerage, Eng. P, 1949, pref. p. 151.
  5.   Hist. of the Anglo-Saxons, Eng. 36, v. 1, p. 414-25.
  6.   Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt 1, p. 96-97.
  7.   The Plantagenet Ancestry, Eng. 116, p. 21.
  8.   George's Gen. Tab., Eng. 102, Tab. 1.
  9.   Anderson's Royal Gen., Eng. 130, p. 738.
  10.   Æðelwulf, King of Wessex, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 ÆTHELWULF, son of ECGBERHT King of Wessex & his wife Redburga --- ([795/810]-13 Jan 858, bur Winchester Cathedral), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Æthelwulf, in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  13.   Æthelwulf 1 (Male), in The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England.
  14. Scriptores rerum Germanicarum in usum scholarum separatim editi (SS rer. Germ.), in Monumenta Germaniae Historica. (MGH Institut, 1826 - present)
    Volume 5 (Annales Bertiniani) page 49.

    Gives the year of death as 858.

  15. 15.0 15.1 Thorpe, Benjamin. Florentii Wigorniensis. (London: Sumptibus Societatis, 1848)
    p. 78.

    Gives the day of death as 13 January.