George Lovell Banks Research
Research page for George L. Banks.
- Birth: 13 Oct 1839 (Find A Grave, Connelley, Duncan, Chapman). In Lake County, Ohio (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley).
- Medal of Honor awarded: 28 Sep 1897 (Civil War MOH recipients)
- Religion: Presbyterian (Connelley).
- Death: 20 Aug 1924 (Find A Grave)
13 October 1839 — born in Lake County, Ohio.
1845 — moved with family to Center Township, Laporte County, Indiana
1850 — Was in Center Township, LaPorte County, Indiana for the 1850 census.
after Oct 1853 — moved with family to Lake County, Indiana.
1856 — Moved to St. Anthony Falls, Michigan.
1857 — Worked in the timber industry in the woods of northern Michigan.
1860 — Was in Hobart Township, Lake County, Indiana for the 1860 census.
9 October 1864 — Returned home to Lake County, IN from the war.
8 or 9 October 1864 — Married Olive Chandler.
14 August 1865 — William Nathaniel born.
13 October 1866 — Charles Bolser born.
1870 — Was in Hobart Township, Lake County, Indiana for the 1870 census.
1871 (May?) — Moved to Fawn Creek Township, Montgomery County, Kansas for approx. 15 y.
29 December 1873 — Arthur Allen born.
About 1876 — Justice of the Peace in Fawn Creek Township, Kansas for two terms.
1880 — Was still in Fawn Creek Township for the 1880 census.
1882 — Retired as Justice of the Peace.
About 1882 — Became Fawn Creek Township Trustee, KS.
Late 1886 — Moved to Angola, Steuben County, Indiana and became a hotel owner there.
Spring 1887 — Traded his hotel property in Angola for farmland in nearby Camden Township, Hillsdale County, Michigan.
1888 — Banks biography published in Portrait and biographical album of Hillsdale County, Mich.
1892 — Returned to Montgomery County, Kansas to farm.
1894 — Listed in the Coffeyville, Kansas G.A.R. post number 153.
1894 — Moved into town in Independence, Kansas.
1896 — Moved to Independence Township, Montgomery County to farm.
1900 — Still in Independence Township for the 1900 census.
1903 — Returned to town, Independence, KS. Lived at 417 North Fifth Street.
1903 — Banks biography published in History of Montgomery County, Kansas, By Its Own People by L. Wallace Duncan.
20–21 August 1903 — Present at the 37th national encampment of the G.A.R. in San Francisco representing Kansas.
1904 — Married Helen Josephine Clarkson Shoemaker.
1905 — Elected Kansas State representative from Montgomery County for two terms.
1910 — Still living at 417 North Fifth Street, Independence for the 1910 census.
1915 — Donated land in Graydon, Chambers, Texas to build a school.
1917 — Listed in the McPherson G.A.R. post number 4 in Independence, Kansas.
1918 — Banks biography published in A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans by William E. Connelley.
1920 — Still living at 417 North Fifth Street, Independence for the 1920 census.
20 August 1924 — Died.
Orin and Olive (Brown) Banks (Chapman, Connelley)
Natives of Schoharie County, N. Y (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley).
Orin born 25 Jan 1803 (Duncan). Born in 1800 (Connelley)
Olive born 12 Mar 1805 (Duncan). Born in 1803 (Connelley)
Orin of Scots-Irish ancestry (Chapman, Duncan)
Orin was a farmer (Connelley).
Orin was a member of the Democratic Party, until the formation of the Republican Party, at which time he joined that party (Connelley).
Orin served in various township office in Lake County, Indiana (Connelley).
Olive of English ancestry (Chapman, Duncan)
Married in 1823 (Chapman, Duncan). In Schoharie County, N. Y (Connelley)
Orin and Olive were members of the Baptist Church. Orin was a church deacon. (Connelley)
Orin died 29 Oct 1857 (Chapman, Duncan) in Lake Co., IN (Duncan). Died in 1856 (Connelley)
Olive died 27 Jan 1887 (Chapman, Duncan) in Lake Co., IN (Duncan)
Had 11 siblings (Chapman), 8 of whom were still alive in 1888 (Chapman).
Charles, Morgan, Elisha, Parley, Mary C. (wife of Balser Keith), William A., Nathaniel P., Sarah L. (wife of William Adams). (Chapman)
Charles of Salina KS, Elisha of McPherson KS, Parley of Lake Co. IN, Mary C. (wife of Simon White) of LaPorte Co. IN, Nathaniel P. of Lake Co. IN, Sarah L. (wife of W. B. Adams) of Montgomery Co. KS. (Duncan)
Betsey, wife of Major Atkins, died in Lake County, Indiana, 1866, her husband having long survived her and having been a farmer and capitalist of influence. Charles W., a lawyer, died 1907, Chambers County, Texas. Morgan, farmer and merchant, died in McPherson County, Kansas, 1890. Elisha, representative farmer in McPherson County KS, died 1906. Parley A. retired farmer, resides Crown Point, Lake County, Indiana. Mary C. first married Balsar Keith, a farmer, near Union Mills, Indiana, and after his death she became the wife of Simon White, likewise a prosperous farmer of LaPorte County, Indiana. He likewise is deceased and his widow now resides at LaPorte, that county. William A., died LaPorte, Indiana, 1903, served six years as postmaster of that city, leading importer of live stock in that section of IN. George L., was the next in order of birth. The next two children were sons, both died in infancy. Nathaniel P. president of a bank, Hobart, Lake County, IN. Sarah Lavina wife of W. B. Adams, resides Dearing, Montgomery County, KS, Mr. Adams is vice president of a bank. (Connelley)
Wife 1: Miss Olive "Ollie" Chandler (Chapman, Duncan). Olive W. Chandler (Connelley, Kansas)
Married on 9 October 1864 to George Banks. (Chapman, Duncan). On 8 October (Connelley). Married 38 years (Duncan). Married in Lake County, Indiana (Kansas)
Born in Caledonia County, VT, in Aug 1842.(Chapman). Caledonia County, VT, on 25 Aug 1842 (Duncan). A native of Vermont (Kansas).
Mother's parents were "Thomas P. and Betsy Chandler" (Chapman). Thomas P. Chandler and Betsy Woodmanse (Duncan). Betsy was deceased by 1888 (Chapman). Parents from Vermont (Duncan).
Died while living on the farm near Bolton, Montgomery, Kansas (Connelley).
Died on 12 December 1902 (Duncan). In 1902 (Connelley).
Wife 2: Helen Josephine Clarkson Shoemaker, widow of Phillip "Philo" Shoemaker (Connelley, Clarkson). She was still living in 1918 (Connelley). Seemed to be still alive in 1932 (second source).
Married in 1904.
From wife 1: William N., of Montgomery County, Kan. (b. 1865), Charles B. (b. 1866), and Arthur A. (b.1873) (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley). Were all in Montgomery Co. Kansas in 1903 (Duncan).
- In public schools in Lake and LaPorte counties to the age of 17. (Connelley). Farmed with his father to that age (Connelley).
- Worked in a sawmill at St. Anthony Falls in what would become part of Minneapolis, at age 17, beginning in 1856. (Connelley)
- Worked in the timber industry in the woods of northern Michigan in 1857. (Connelley).
- Returned to Lake County, Indiana before 1860 and worked digging drainage ditches, and then as a clerk in a grocery store and a dry-goods store (Connelley).
- Farmer (Kansas State Library, Duncan, Kansas). Began farming in Lake County, IN just before the civil war (1861) (Connelley). Continued farming in Indiana after the war (Connelley). Listed on the censuses of 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1900 as a farmer.
- First clerk of school district No. 91 in Montgomery County, KS (Fawn Creek Twp.) (Duncan)
- Hotel owner in Angola, Indiana (starting Dec 1886, remaining "only a short time.", Duncan) (to spring 1887, Chapman, Connelley)
- Real Estate and Loan businessman, beginning in 1903 with his return to Independence, KS (Connelley, Kansas State Library)
- Received $100 per day from oil wells on his property, the greatest of any farmer in Kansas. (Paint)
- Director and the secretary of the Jefferson State Bank, at Jefferson, Montgomery, Kansas (Connelley, town location: 37.109511,-95.762131).
Company C, 15th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
Enlisted: 6 June 1861 (Chapman, Duncan) in Valparaiso, Indiana (muster card)
Mustered into Company C: 14 Jun 1861 in Lafayette, Indiana (muster card)
Discharged (mustered out): 25 June 1864 (Muster out card, Duncan, Connelley), 28 June 1864 (Chapman)
Commanding: George D. Wagner (Duncan), then a colonel.
6 June 1861 — Enlisted Valparaiso, IN
14 Jun 1861 — Mustered into Company C
6–17 July 1861 — Western Virginia Campaign
9-14 September 1861 — Camp Elkwater skirmishes
3 October 1861 — Battle of Greenbrier River
16-30 October 1861 — Detailed to repair roads
6–7 April 1862 — Battle of Shiloh
29 April to 30 May 1862 — Siege of Corinth (First Battle of Corinth)
30 April 1862 — Appointed corporal by order of Col. Gustavus Adolphus Wood
3 October 1862 — Recorded by George Banks as the date he first carried the regimental colors. This was two days after Sgt. Jones W. Dorr was discharged on account of disability
8 October 1862 — Battle of Perryville
26 December 1862 — Leaves Nashville for Murfreesboro
31 December 1862 to 2 January 1863 — Battle of Stones River. The regimental colors were damaged by 52 balls and a cannon ball. It was afterwards sent back to Indianapolis
11 January 1863 — promotion to sergeant and regimental color bearer for gallant conduct at the Battle of Stones River
8 March 1863 — Muster roll card mentions promotion on this date to sergeant in place of William Dougall (though appearing as a sergeant on the roll card rank since January).
1 May 1863 — The regiment receives a new regimental flag, entrusted to Banks
24 June 1863 — Departed Murfreesboro, TN
24 June to 3 July 1863 — Tullahoma Campaign. The 15th marched to Chattanooga and saw no action.
21 August to 20 September 1863 — Chickamauga Campaign
9 September 1863 — The 15th Indiana enters and occupies Chattanooga after the withdrawal of CSA Gen. Braxton Bragg
September to October 1863 — listed as on duty as color sergeant for the regiment during this period
24 September – 23 November 1863 — Chattanooga Campaign, Confederate siege of Chattanooga
23–27 November 1863 — Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
25 November 1863 — Battle of Missionary Ridge, wounded
28 December 1863 — Battle of Charleston
17 January 1864 — Battle of Dandridge
27 January 1864 — Joined as a veteran volunteer, promoted to first sergeant in place of John B. McAllister
25 June 1864 — Mustered out in Indianapolis
9 October 1864 — Returned home to Lake County, IN from the war
- Western Virginia Campaign 6–17 July 1861, including the Battle of Rich Mountain on 11 July 1861 (38.865983,-79.934100). Department of the Ohio, Schleich's Brigade under Brig. Gen. Newton Schleich.
- Elkwater Valley, skirmishes with Lee's army at Camp Elkwater on 9-14 September 1861 (38.628618,-80.027315). The 14th Indiana was in battle to the east at the Battle of Cheat Mountain (38.621817,-79.880683). In the Cheat Mountain District (1st Infantry Brigade) under Brig. Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds. (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley)
- Battle of Greenbrier River on 3 October 1861 (38.537713,-79.772865). In the Cheat Mountain District (1st Infantry Brigade) under Brig. Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds. (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley)
- Battle of Shiloh on 6–7 April 1862, southwestern Tennessee (35.150791,-88.321809). In Maj. Gen. Buell's reinforcing Army of the Ohio, 6th Div., 21st brigade. The 6th Division under Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood was the last to arrive at Shiloh. (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley)
- Siege of Corinth (First Battle of Corinth) from 29 April to 30 May 1862 (34.935044,-88.520392). Under Maj. Gen. Buell's Army of the Ohio, 6th Div., 21st brigade.
- Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, 8 October 1862 (37.675218,-84.971018). Under Maj. Gen. Buell's Army of the Ohio, II Corps (Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden), 6th Div., 21st brigade. The II Corp was in reserve, and so had only 2 killed and 4 wounded. (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley)
- The Battle of Stones River, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, 31 December 1862 to 2 January 1863. The 15th Indiana was in the Left Wing of the move to Murfreesboro under Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden, First Division (Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood), 2nd brigade. (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley as "Murfreesboro")
- Took part in the Tullahoma Campaign to route CSA troops from mountain passes in middle Tennessee. The brigade did not encounter many enemy troupes, and saw no action. They did not enter Tullahoma, instead heading east through the mountains, and then south to Chattanooga. Army of the Cumberland, XXI Corps, 1st Division, 2nd Brigade.
- As part of Rosecrans's army, took part in the Chickamauga Campaign. The 2nd Brigade (incl. the 15th Indiana) entered and occupied Chattanooga after the withdrawal of CSA Gen. Braxton Bragg. During their occupation, much of the rest of the Army of the Cumberland took part in the devastating Battle of Chickamauga (Connelley). Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans, XXI Corps (Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden), First Division (Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood), 2nd brigade.
- Took part in the Chattanooga Campaign, in which from 24 September – 23 November 1863 Union forces were under siege in Chattanooga, and the Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign, 23–27 November, including the Battle of Missionary Ridge, 25 November (35.028145, -85.258257). Banks was wounded 3 times climbing Missionary Ridge (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley), and was later awarded the Medal of Honor. He was color sergeant, and his flag was the first on the parapet atop the Ridge. Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, IV Corps (Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger), 2nd Division (Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan), 2nd Brigade.
- Battle of Charleston, TN on 28 December 1863. Confederates attack a wagon train of the Army of the Ohio moving north to reinforce the Union troops in Knoxville (Duncan).
- However, Connelley states that he was wounded and incapacitated from November 1863 until 14 January 1864.
- Battle of Dandridge, TN, on 17 January 1864. Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, IV Corps (Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger), 2nd Division (Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan), 2nd Brigade (Duncan).
The Battle of Stones River
George Banks was the color bearer for the 15th Indiana at the battle of Stones River. The 15th was under the direct command of Lt. Col. Gustavus Wood. The regiment was part of Col. George D. Wagner's 2nd Brigade, part of Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood's First Division. The First Division was one of three divisions in Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden's Left Wing of the Army of the Cumberland. On 30 December 1862, Crittenden's Left Wing was arrayed north-south along the west bank of the river. Crittenden was supposed to cross Stones River and set up artillery to bombard the Confederate right from above. However, Maj. Gen. Alexander M. McCook on the Union right was not informed that this would occur. He thought Crittenden would be attacking along the west side of the river. Early on the morning of the 31st, Crittenden sent Brig. Gen. Horatio P. Van Cleve's division across the river. However, the Confederates attacked heavily on the Union's right (west side) and Crittenden had to call off the plan to cross the river, and instead moved south. Gen. Wood's First Division then became the Union's left, positioned between the river and the Nashville Pike. The 15th Indiana did not engage Gen. Polk's forces until around 10:30 AM. They were with the rest of Wagner's brigade on the east side of Wood's line, immediately adjacent to the river, and were facing Brig. Gen. Daniel S. Donelson's First Brigade. They managed to repulse Donelson's attack. By afternoon, Wagner's Brigade was facing heavy attack from several detached regiments on the Confederate right. The 15th Indiana repulsed part of Brig. Gen. John K. Jackson's brigade. CSA Brig. Gen. Daniel W. Adams then moved his entire brigade forward to take the artillery of Capt. Jerome B. Cox's 10th Indiana Battery. For a third time the 15th Indiana repulsed the Confederate advance. The 15th Indiana counter charged, and killed or captured nearly an entire regiment of Adams's brigade (173 prisoners were captured by the 15th Indiana from the 20th Louisiana Infantry). Corporal Banks carried the flag so far forward into the attack that a Lieutenant Davis (likely 1st Lt. Andrew F. Davis) had to physically pull him back. The counter charge was costly, with 30 killed and nearly 100 wounded in the regiment. On 3 January, after the Confederates sustained tremendous losses from Union artillery, and with fresh Union reinforcements joining the battle, Gen. Bragg moved his Confederate army south to Tullahoma, TN. The regimental flag of the 15th Indiana was tattered and torn, shot through by 52 balls and a cannon ball, and its flag staff was shattered. Banks himself sustained no wounds, but he had two holes in his hat, four in his shirt, his haversack was shot through, and his canteen shot off his body. After the battle, the ragged regimental colors were sent back to Indianapolis. Altogether, from the 447 men of the 15th Indiana who started the battle, 205 were killed and wounded. 45 men were killed during the battle, with more deaths of the wounded following afterwards.
The taking and the siege of Chattanooga
After the winter battle at Stones River, and participating in the summer campaign to route CSA troops from the mountain passes in middle Tennessee, Wagner's Second Brigade moved toward Chattanooga on 16 August 1863 with the rest of the Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. Rosecrans. As part of the Chickamauga Campaign, the Second Brigade was still in the XXIst Corps under Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden. Crittenden occupied Chattanooga on 9 September, and then moved his forces to Rossville over the Georgia border. Since Bragg's army was moving south, Rosecrans thought they were retreating to Rome, GA. He ordered Crittenden to leave one brigade in Chattanooga (the Second Brigade), and move the rest of his Corps to Ringgold, GA. George Banks was therefore in Chattanooga during the devastating Battle of Chickamauga. After the Pyrrhic victory at Chickamauga, Gen. Bragg surrounded the Union troops at Chattanooga, and cut off most of their supply lines. On 17 October, Ulysses Grant was placed in charge of all western forces by Lincoln, and on the 19th he relieved Rosecrans of command, putting Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas is charge of the Army of the Cumberland.
The supply lines to Chattanooga had been poor for most of October. The troops were eating the food meant for the horses and mules, and all the starving cattle had to be eaten. On 24 October, Grant approved a plan by Brig. Gen. William "Baldy" Smith to build a pontoon bridge across the Tennessee River west of Chattanooga at Brown's Ferry. On 27 October, with the military cover of Brig. General William B. Hazen. Once this path was open, the well-known "cracker line" brought in more supplies to the encircled army in Chattanooga, and allowed in a relief column of 20,000 troops from the Army of the Potomac, led by Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker.
Heroism at the Battle of Missionary Ridge
On 23 November 1863, Grant ordered Gen. Thomas to make a reconnaissance in force toward Missionary Ridge to test the Confederate line. Thomas took the prominence called Orchard Knob from the Confederates with 14,000 men, and Grant then ordered the Army of the Cumberland to hold its position along this line east of the town. After this action, CSA Gen. Bragg realigned many of his troops. Rather than choosing either the base or the top of Missionary Ridge, the forces were split, so that half the divisions were in rifle pits at the base, while the rest occupied a line at the physical crest of the ridge. This last action was an error, because without the CSA cannons and breastworks on the "military crest" farther down the slope, an uncovered zone existed for Unions troops part way up the hill.
The next day, 24 November, General Joseph Hooker attacked the Confederate left on Lookout Mountain. Hooker was not originally ordered to take the whole mountain, but the battle turned into a route of the Confederate forces there. Bragg withdrew all his CSA forces from Lookout Mountain in order to reinforce Missionary Ridge. Major General William Sherman and the Army of the Tennessee crossed the Tennessee River and took the hills on the north end of Missionary Ridge facing CSA forces at Tunnel Hill.
The Army of the Cumberland was still in place to the west of the CSA rifle pits on 25 November. On this day the 15th Indiana was under the command of Major Frank White, Gustavus Wood having been given command of a demi-brigade. The 15th was still part of the 2nd Brigade, commanded by BG George D. Wagner. Wagner's brigade was placed under the command of MG Philip H. Sheridan (Second Division, IV Corp, Army of the Cumberland). At 2 PM, Wagner received orders from Sheridan to prepare to take the CSA rifle pits at the foot of Missionary Ridge. The 57th Indiana under LTC George W. Lennard was in the first line as skirmishers. This was followed by the main line of infantry comprised of the 26th Ohio, 40th Indiana, 58th Indiana, and 100th Illinois commanded by Col Gustavus Wood of the 15th Indiana. The 15th Indiana and 97th Ohio took up the third, reserve line. At 2:30, the brigade moved ahead of the forward Union rifle pits and lay down, awaiting the order to advance. At 3:15, six successive cannon shots announced the order to attack. The brigade moved forward, under severe enemy artillery fire, with the rest of the army, and the 57th overwhelmed the Confederate rifle pits and moved on toward the foot of the Ridge. They were soon joined by the main, second, infantry line who never stopped moving forward.
At this time General Wagner was ordered by MG Gordon Granger, in command of the IV Corps, to stop at the Confederate works, and not to take the Ridge. Most of the brigade was already 200 yards past the rifle pits, but Wagner ordered them back. Wagner sent a messenger to ask Sheridan's permission to take the Ridge, but before he received an answer, he realized, as did all the men, that they would not be able to stay in their current position. It was being heavily hit by every type of shot and shell from the CSA artillery and the rifle pits up the Ridge. Wagner moved the 15th Indiana and the 97th Ohio to the front line, and ordered the brigade to take the Ridge.
George Banks lead the way, carrying the regimental banner. The flag he carried that day had been made by the little girls' Aid Society of Haskell Station, La Porte County, Indiana and presented to the 15th Indiana after their flag was severely damaged at Stones River. As Banks lead the brigade up Missionary Ridge, he was immediately shot in the left thumb. He continued on, however, until the regiment reached the road part way up the ridge, where they encountered a hail of bullets from the rifle pits above. They fell to the ground, and remained there until they heard Major White, standing in a "storm of bullets", crying out "Men, for God's sake, forward!"
Banks got to his feet, raised the regimental banner, and called to the men to follow their flag. A short distance up the hill, Banks was shot in the chest. The bullet passed through a novel and two letters he had placed in his front shirt pocket, hit his rib, and moved toward the center of his body until it lodged over his stomach. He fell senseless to the ground. Burton Thurber of Company G took up the flag, but was shot in the shoulder. Then Ben Booth of Company D raised the flag, but he too was immediately shot down, with his right arm broken. Corporal Day from Company A took up the flag, but was soon shot down and killed. Finally, George Banks regained consciousness, and saw the flag go down for the fifth time as Corporal Cist of Company I raised the flag and was also killed. Banks regained the flag, and despite his two wounds, continued to lead the brigade up the Ridge. Within a 15 minute period, over 60 percent of the men in the 15th Indiana were killed or wounded.
As Banks neared the Confederate rifle pits at the top of the Ridge, he saw the rebels lower their guns to fire. The remaining men from Indiana and Ohio dropped to the ground as the rebels fired. Then with a cry of "Chickamauga, Chickamauga" they stormed the Confederate works with bayonets and attacked the defenders. George Banks raised the flag high as he climbed the parapet, the first man in the brigade to do so. He then looked to his right and saw the flag of the 13th Louisiana Infantry, drew his revolver, and fired six shots. Hearing a noise, he looked down and noticed a soldier taking aim at him. He turned to jump off the works, but was shot in the head, the ball entering and leaving his scalp, and gouging a furrow in his skull. He fell backwards from the works. He tried to raise the flag once more, but was too weak from loss of blood to rise. Still under heavy fire, 2nd Lt. Thomas N. Graham of Company G retrieved the flag, leaving Banks behind, and lead the regiment over the works, capturing 56 CSA troops. Singing "Rally Round the Flag, Boys", and with tears of joy streaming down his face, he lead the men on to take the top of Missionary Ridge, as Bragg's troops fled. Wagner ordered LTC Young to take the 15th Indiana and 26th Ohio on to the left in order to capture an artillery battery which was trying to escape, protected by a small guard. They succeeded in capturing the battery. Altogether, Union troops captured over 6,000 CSA troops and 40 pieces of artillery. When Banks was finally able to get to his feet, Major White ordered him to the rear to seek medical aid.
Major Frank White, who himself was wounded during the taking of Missionary Ridge, referred to George Banks in his report to 2nd Brigade Headquarters, 27 November 1863:
The officers and men of the Regiment behaved with such gallantry that it would be hard to discriminate, but the conduct of Color Sergeant G. Banks, who carried the colors until shot thrice, and of 2nd Lieutenant T. N. Graham Co. "G" who then carried them forward and planted them on the enemy's works under a terrible fire, deserves special commendation.
Service and Fraternal Facts
Helped to organize the first school district (No.91) in Fawn Creek Township, Montgomery County, Kansas (Duncan, Connelley)
Financed and supervised the building of a school in Fawn Creek, named "The Banks School House" in his honor (Duncan, Connelley). Former location: 37.015537,-95.728900
Acted as the first clerk of the school district (Duncan)
Was a member of the school board (Connelley).
Donated land in Graydon, Chambers, Texas to build a school in 1915. George Banks is mentioned on Texas State historic plaque number 12651. Link. Town location per 1928 topographic map: 29.70343,-94.664319. Historical marker location: 29.690845, -94.674809
Party: Republican (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley)
Justice of the Peace in Fawn Creek for two terms (Chapman), which was 6 years (Connelley). Retired from that office in 1882 (Connelley).
Fawn Creek Township Trustee sometime after 1872 (Chapman, Connelley gives start after retiring from JOP position in 1882)
Filled all offices in Fawn Creek Township (Duncan).
Kansas State representative from Montgomery County for two terms, 1905 to 1907 (Connelley and below)
Kansas State representative: Banks, George L.
Born: October 13, 1839 in Lake County, Indiana. [in error]
Died: August 20, 1924 in Independence, Kansas.
Occupation: Farmer/Real Estate and Loan businessman
Chamber: House 1905, 1907, SS1908
- Member of I. O. O. F. (Odd Fellows) in Michigan (Chapman)
Member of "subordinate lodge" Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Kansas, 1903 (Duncan, Connelley)
- Member of the Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.)
In Michigan belonged to Joseph Rice Post No. 282 at Camden, MI (Chapman).
Was a member of McPherson Post No. 4 in Independence, KS.
1903 — Was commander of Southeast Kansas Association (Duncan, Connelley).
Junior Vice Department Commander of the Department of Kansas G.A.R in 1913, Post No. 4 Independence (Journal of the 32nd Annual Encampment 1913, Connelley)
1917 — Attended 36th annual encampment, Department of Kansas, Salina, May 16, 17, 18, 1917. Seconded the nomination of Luke F. Parsons of Salina as a member of the John Brown State Park board in Osawatomie. Listed as a delegate alternate to the 35th national encampment, May 16 to 18, 1916 in Dodge City. Listed as a member of McPherson Post, No. 4, Independence.
1918 — Attended 52nd national encampment as a Kansas alternate representative, Portland, OR, 18–24 August 1918. (GAR Natl 1918, p.24)
- Member of Anti Horse Thief Association (in 1903, Duncan, Connelley)
- Lake County, Ohio — Parents moved to Ohio in 1836 (Chapman). 1840 census.
- Laporte County, Indiana (Center Township) — 1845 (Chapman, Connelley). 1850 census.
- Lake County, Indiana — George was 14 (Chapman), so after Oct 1853.
- St. Anthony, Minnesota (aka St. Anthony Falls, today the Minneapolis neighborhood of St. Anthony West).
- Northern Michigan, 1857
- Lake County, Indiana — 1860 census.
- (Civil War)
- Lake County, Indiana — returned home from the war on 9 Oct 1864 (Chapman). 1870 census.
- Fawn Creek Township, Montgomery County, Kansas, 1871 (Kansas, Connelley), May 1871 (Duncan), or 1872 (Chapman). He bought 160 acres in the township by preemption claim (Homestead Act of 1862). The property appears in the Historical Atlas of Montgomery County, Kansas (1881) on page 19. 80 acres were on the south central side of section 11, and 80 acres on the north side of section 14 of Township 35S, Range 15E. Remained for 15 years (Duncan), or 16 years (Connelley). 1880 census.
- Angola, Steuben County, Indiana, Fall 1886 (Connelley), December 1886 (Duncan, Kansas). Exchanged his hotel in Angola for the farm property in Michigan (Connelley).
- Camden Township, Hillsdale County, Michigan, Spring 1887 (Chapman, Kansas). Also owned 80 acres of land in Muskegon County, and town property in Camden, MI. (Chapman). Remained 6 years (Duncan, Connelley).
- Montgomery County, Kansas, (farm) approx. 1892-1894 ("two years", Connelley). This was likely near Coffeyville, as he is listed in the Coffeyville G.A.R post in 1894.
- Independence, Montgomery, Kansas, (in town) 1892-1895 (Duncan), 1894-1896 ("two years", Connelley)
- Montgomery County, Kansas, (farm) 1895 (Duncan), 1896-1903 (Connelley). Section 8, township 33S, range 15E (Independence Township), where he owned 160 acres (the SW quarter section adjacent to Section 17) (Duncan; Atlas and plat book of Montgomery County, Kansas, 1916). Centroid of section: 37.1895197,-95.7924580. He also owned 80 acres (two quarter quarters, NESW and NWSE) just south of the center of Section 17 of the same township. (Duncan) Centroid of section: 37.1750350,-95.7924172. 1900 census.
- 417 North Fifth Street, Independence, Montgomery, Kansas. 1903 (Connelley), before 1910 (Census). Was living there in 1918 (Connelley). Probably moved to town due to the death of his first wife. 1910 census, 1920 census.
- Concurrently to the above home, he owned a 240 acre farm near Bolton, KS (Connelley). This is most likely the 160 acres in section 8 and the 80 acres in section 17 mentioned by Duncan above. (town location: 37.157715,-95.806913). He also owned 160 acres south of Dearing, KS, and 300 acres in Chambers County, Texas (all Connelley). His brother Charles died in Chambers County in 1910, so this last may have been his land.
- Census (year) = Federal census record with year
- Chapman = Portrait and biographical album of Hillsdale County, Mich: containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the governors of the state, and of the presidents of the United States. p.554–555 (Chicago: Chapman Bros., 1888) [ transcript ]
- Connelley = A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans, written and compiled by William E. Connelley, Secretary of the Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, copyright 1918 [online transcript KSGenWeb]
- Downey = Storming Of The Gateway Chattanooga 1863, Fairfax Downey, p. 183, 1960.
- Duncan = History of Montgomery County, Kansas, By Its Own People, published by L. Wallace Duncan, Iola, Kansas, 1903, pgs. 468-470 [online transcript Rootsweb]
- Flags = Indiana Battle Flags, with speeches and letters by George Banks.
- GAR Natl (Year) = Journal of the National Encampment Grand Army of the Republic
- GAR Kansas (Year) = Journal of the Annual Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Kansas
- Indiana = Report of the adjutant general of the state of Indiana, Vol IV, 1861-1865, Indiana, Adjutant General's Office, p.295, 1866.
- Kansas = William N. Banks entry — Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 3, Issue 1, 1912.
- Merrill = The Soldier of Indiana in the War for the Union by Catherine Merrill, Merrill and Company, p.478, 1866.
- Paint = Petroleum Notes, Paint, Oil & Drug Review, Vol. 37, No. 3, Page 16, Chicago, Wednesday, January 20, 1904.
Internet links and sources
- George L. Banks — John Jackson, Flikr.
- Honor at Missionary Ridge, 15th Indiana Regiment Infantry — Indiana War Memorial website, IN.gov.
- George L. Banks — Wikipedia
- History of Allen County, Indiana, page 65 — History of 15th Indiana Inf.
- Journals of the national encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic Hathi Trust
- Journal of the 37th GAR Natl Encampment — Kansas repr., p.23
- Journals of the annual encampments of the GAR, Kansas Division — Kansas State Library
- Historical Atlas of Montgomery County, Kansas (1881), George Banks property, page 19, Township 35S, Range 15E (Fawn Creek Township), 80 acres were on the south central side of section 11, and 80 acres on the north side of section 14 — Kansas Historical Society
- Historical Atlas of Montgomery County, Kansas (1881), George Banks in list of patrons of the Atlas, page 11. Listed as farmer, stock raiser, and fruit grower — Kansas Historical Society
- Montgomery County Directories, 1881 List of Patrons, Historical Atlas of Montgomery County Townships. Transcript of above — Kansas History and Heritage Project
- Roster of the members and posts: Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Kansas (1894), Banks and Beam on page 123 — Kansas Historical Society
- Montgomery County Military, 1894 G.A.R. Posts, Coffeyville Post No. 153, Coffeyville, KS, transcript of above — Kansas History and Heritage Project
- Atlas and plat book of Montgomery County, Kansas (1916), George Banks property, page 21, Township 33S Range 15E (Independence Township), sections 8 and 17 — Kansas Historical Society
- Roster of the members and posts: Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Kansas (1917), George Banks on page 93 — Kansas Historical Society
- Montgomery County Military, 1917 G.A.R. Posts, McPherson Post No. 4, Independence, KS, transcript of above — Kansas History and Heritage Project
- George L. Banks entry — Find A Grave
- Major Frank White — Find A Grave