George Lovell Banks Research
Research page for George L. Banks.
- Birth: 13 Oct 1839 (Find A Grave, Connelley, Duncan, Chapman). In Lake County, Ohio (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley).
- Medal of Honor awarded: 28 Sep 1897 (Civil War MOH recipients)
- Religion: Presbyterian (Connelley).
- Death: 20 Aug 1924 (Find A Grave)
Orin and Olive (Brown) Banks (Chapman, Connelley)
Natives of Schoharie County, N. Y (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley).
Orin born 25 Jan 1803 (Duncan). Born in 1800 (Connelley)
Olive born 12 Mar 1805 (Duncan). Born in 1803 (Connelley)
Orin of Scots-Irish ancestry (Chapman, Duncan)
Orin was a farmer (Connelley).
Orin was a member of the Democratic Party, until the formation of the Republican Party, at which time he joined that party (Connelley).
Orin served in various township office in Lake County, Indiana (Connelley).
Olive of English ancestry (Chapman, Duncan)
Married in 1823 (Chapman, Duncan). In Schoharie County, N. Y (Connelley)
Orin and Olive were members of the Baptist Church. Orin was a church deacon. (Connelley)
Orin died 29 Oct 1857 (Chapman, Duncan) in Lake Co., IN (Duncan). Died in 1856 (Connelley)
Olive died 27 Jan 1887 (Chapman, Duncan) in Lake Co., IN (Duncan)
Had 11 siblings (Chapman), 8 of whom were still alive in 1888 (Chapman).
Charles, Morgan, Elisha, Parley, Mary C. (wife of Balser Keith), William A., Nathaniel P., Sarah L. (wife of William Adams). (Chapman)
Charles of Salina KS, Elisha of McPherson KS, Parley of Lake Co. IN, Mary C. (wife of Simon White) of LaPorte Co. IN, Nathaniel P. of Lake Co. IN, Sarah L. (wife of W. B. Adams) of Montgomery Co. KS. (Duncan)
Betsey, wife of Major Atkins, died in Lake County, Indiana, 1866, her husband having long survived her and having been a farmer and capitalist of influence. Charles W., a lawyer, died 1907, Chambers County, Texas. Morgan, farmer and merchant, died in McPherson County, Kansas, 1890. Elisha, representative farmer in McPherson County KS, died 1906. Parley A. retired farmer, resides Crown Point, Lake County, Indiana. Mary C. first married Balsar Keith, a farmer, near Union Mills, Indiana, and after his death she became the wife of Simon White, likewise a prosperous farmer of LaPorte County, Indiana. He likewise is deceased and his widow now resides at LaPorte, that county. William A., died LaPorte, Indiana, 1903, served six years as postmaster of that city, leading importer of live stock in that section of IN. George L., was the next in order of birth. The next two children were sons, both died in infancy. Nathaniel P. president of a bank, Hobart, Lake County, IN. Sarah Lavina wife of W. B. Adams, resides Dearing, Montgomery County, KS, Mr. Adams is vice president of a bank. (Connelley)
Wife 1: Miss Olive "Ollie" Chandler (Chapman, Duncan). Olive W. Chandler (Connelley, Kansas)
Married on 9 October 1864 to George Banks. (Chapman, Duncan). On 8 October (Connelley). Married 38 years (Duncan). Married in Lake County, Indiana (Kansas)
Born in Caledonia County, VT, in Aug 1842.(Chapman). Caledonia County, VT, on 25 Aug 1842 (Duncan). A native of Vermont (Kansas).
Mother's parents were "Thomas P. and Betsy Chandler" (Chapman). Thomas P. Chandler and Betsy Woodmanse (Duncan). Betsy was deceased by 1888 (Chapman). Parents from Vermont (Duncan).
Died while living on the farm near Bolton, Montgomery, Kansas (Connelley).
Died on 12 December 1902 (Duncan). In 1902 (Connelley).
Wife 2: Helen J. Clarkson Shoemaker, widow of Phillip "Philo" Shoemaker (Connelley, Clarkson). She was still living in 1918 (Connelley). Seemed to be still alive in 1932 (second source).
Married in 1904.
From wife 1: William N., of Montgomery County, Kan. (b. 1865), Charles B. (b. 1866), and Arthur A. (b.1873) (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley). Were all in Montgomery Co. Kansas in 1903 (Duncan).
- In public schools in Lake and LaPorte counties to the age of 17. (Connelley). Farmed with his father to that age (Connelley).
- Worked in a sawmill at St. Anthony Falls in what would become part of Minneapolis, at age 17, beginning in 1856. (Connelley)
- Worked in the timber industry in the woods of northern Michigan in 1857. (Connelley).
- Returned to Lake County, Indiana before 1860 and worked digging drainage ditches, and then as a clerk in a grocery store and a dry-goods store (Connelley).
- Farmer (Kansas State Library, Duncan, Kansas). Began farming in Lake County, IN just before the civil war (1861) (Connelley). Continued farming in Indiana after the war (Connelley). Listed on the censuses of 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1900 as a farmer.
- First clerk of school district No. 91 in Montgomery County, KS (Fawn Creek Twp.) (Duncan)
- Hotel owner in Angola, Indiana (starting Dec 1886, remaining "only a short time.", Duncan) (to spring 1887, Chapman, Connelley)
- Real Estate and Loan businessman, beginning in 1903 with his return to Independence, KS (Connelley, Kansas State Library)
- Received $100 per day from oil wells on his property, the greatest of any farmer in Kansas. (Paint)
- Director and the secretary of the Jefferson State Bank, at Jefferson, Montgomery, Kansas (Connelley, town location: 37.109511,-95.762131).
Company C, 15th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
Enlisted: 6 June 1861 (Chapman, Duncan) in Valparaiso, Indiana (muster card)
Mustered into Company C: 14 Jun 1861 in Lafayette, Indiana (muster card)
Discharged (mustered out): 25 June 1864 (Muster out card, Duncan, Connelley), 28 June 1864 (Chapman)
Commanding: George D. Wagner (Duncan), then a colonel.
6 June 1861 — Enlisted Valparaiso, IN
14 Jun 1861 — Mustered into Company C
6–17 July 1861 — Western Virginia Campaign
9-14 September 1861 — Camp Elkwater skirmishes
3 October 1861 — Battle of Greenbrier River
16-30 October 1861 — Detailed to repair roads
6–7 April 1862 — Battle of Shiloh
29 April to 30 May 1862 — Siege of Corinth (First Battle of Corinth)
30 April 1862 — Appointed corporal by order of Col. Gustavus Adolphus Wood
3 October 1862 — Recorded by George Banks as the date he first carried the regimental colors. This was two days after Sgt. Jones W. Dorr was discharged on account of disability
8 October 1862 — Battle of Perryville
26 December 1862 — Leaves Nashville for Murfreesboro
31 December 1862 to 2 January 1863 — Battle of Stones River. The regimental colors were damaged by 52 balls and a cannon ball. It was afterwards sent back to Indianapolis
11 January 1863 — promotion to sergeant and regimental color bearer for gallant conduct at the Battle of Stones River
8 March 1863 — Muster roll card mentions promotion on this date to sergeant in place of William Dougall (though appearing as a sergeant on the roll card rank since January).
1 May 1863 — The regiment receives a new regimental flag, entrusted to Banks
24 June 1863 — Departed Murfreesboro, TN
24 June to 3 July 1863 — Tullahoma Campaign. The 15th marched to Chattanooga and saw no action.
21 August to 20 September 1863 — Chickamauga Campaign
9 September 1863 — The 15th Indiana enters and occupies Chattanooga after the withdrawal of CSA Gen. Braxton Bragg
September to October 1863 — listed as on duty as color sergeant for the regiment during this period
24 September – 23 November 1863 — Chattanooga Campaign, Confederate siege of Chattanooga
23–27 November 1863 — Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
25 November 1863 — Battle of Missionary Ridge, wounded
28 December 1863 — Battle of Charleston
17 January 1864 — Battle of Dandridge
27 January 1864 — Joined as a veteran volunteer, promoted to first sergeant in place of John B. McAllister
25 June 1864 — Mustered out in Indianapolis
- Western Virginia Campaign 6–17 July 1861, including the Battle of Rich Mountain on 11 July 1861 (38.865983,-79.934100). Department of the Ohio, Schleich's Brigade under Brig. Gen. Newton Schleich.
- Elkwater Valley, skirmishes with Lee's army at Camp Elkwater on 9-14 September 1861 (38.628618,-80.027315). The 14th Indiana was in battle to the east at the Battle of Cheat Mountain (38.621817,-79.880683). In the Cheat Mountain District (1st Infantry Brigade) under Brig. Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds. (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley)
- Battle of Greenbrier River on 3 October 1861 (38.537713,-79.772865). In the Cheat Mountain District (1st Infantry Brigade) under Brig. Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds. (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley)
- Battle of Shiloh on 6–7 April 1862, southwestern Tennessee (35.150791,-88.321809). In Maj. Gen. Buell's reinforcing Army of the Ohio, 6th Div., 21st brigade. The 6th Division under Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood was the last to arrive at Shiloh. (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley)
- Siege of Corinth (First Battle of Corinth) from 29 April to 30 May 1862 (34.935044,-88.520392). Under Maj. Gen. Buell's Army of the Ohio, 6th Div., 21st brigade.
- Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, 8 October 1862 (37.675218,-84.971018). Under Maj. Gen. Buell's Army of the Ohio, II Corps (Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden), 6th Div., 21st brigade. The II Corp was in reserve, and so had only 2 killed and 4 wounded. (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley)
- The Battle of Stones River, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, 31 December 1862 to 2 January 1863. The 15th Indiana was in the Left Wing of the move to Murfreesboro under Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden, First Division (Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood), 2nd brigade. (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley as "Murfreesboro")
- Took part in the Tullahoma Campaign to route CSA troops from mountain passes in middle Tennessee. The brigade did not encounter many enemy troupes, and saw no action. They did not enter Tullahoma, instead heading east through the mountains, and then south to Chattanooga. Army of the Cumberland, XXI Corps, 1st Division, 2nd Brigade.
- As part of Rosecrans's army, took part in the Chickamauga Campaign. The 2nd Brigade (incl. the 15th Indiana) entered and occupied Chattanooga after the withdrawal of CSA Gen. Braxton Bragg. During their occupation, much of the rest of the Army of the Cumberland took part in the devastating Battle of Chickamauga (Connelley). Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans, XXI Corps (Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden), First Division (Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood), 2nd brigade.
- Took part in the Chattanooga Campaign, in which from 24 September – 23 November 1863 Union forces were under siege in Chattanooga, and the Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign, 23–27 November, including the Battle of Missionary Ridge, 25 November (35.028145, -85.258257). Banks was wounded 3 times climbing Missionary Ridge (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley), and was later awarded the Medal of Honor. He was color sergeant, and his flag was the first on the parapet atop the Ridge. Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, IV Corps (Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger), 2nd Division (Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan), 2nd Brigade.
- Battle of Charleston, TN on 28 December 1863. Confederates attack a wagon train of the Army of the Ohio moving north to reinforce the Union troops in Knoxville (Duncan).
- However, Connelley states that he was wounded and incapacitated from November 1863 until 14 January 1864.
- Battle of Dandridge, TN, on 17 January 1864. Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, IV Corps (Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger), 2nd Division (Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan), 2nd Brigade (Duncan).
The Battle of Stones River
George Banks was the color bearer for the 15th Indiana at the battle of Stones River. The 15th was under the direct command of Lt. Col. Gustavus Wood. The regiment was part of Col. George D. Wagner's 2nd Brigade, part of Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood's First Division. The First Division was one of three divisions in Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden's Left Wing of the Army of the Cumberland. On 30 December 1862, Crittenden's Left Wing was arrayed north-south along the west bank of the river. Crittenden was supposed to cross Stones River and set up artillery to bombard the Confederate right from above. However, Maj. Gen. Alexander M. McCook on the Union right was not informed that this would occur. He thought Crittenden would be attacking along the west side of the river. Early on the morning of the 31st, Crittenden sent Brig. Gen. Horatio P. Van Cleve's division across the river. However, the Confederates attacked heavily on the Union's right (west side) and Crittenden had to call off the plan to cross the river, and instead moved south. Gen. Wood's First Division then became the Union's left, positioned between the river and the Nashville Pike. The 15th Indiana did not engage Gen. Polk's forces until around 10:30 AM. They were with the rest of Wagner's brigade on the east side of Wood's line, immediately adjacent to the river, and were facing Brig. Gen. Daniel S. Donelson's First Brigade. They managed to repulse Donelson's attack. By afternoon, Wagner's Brigade was facing heavy attack from several detached regiments on the Confederate right. The 15th Indiana repulsed part of Brig. Gen. John K. Jackson's brigade. CSA Brig. Gen. Daniel W. Adams then moved his entire brigade forward to take the artillery of Capt. Jerome B. Cox's 10th Indiana Battery. For a third time the 15th Indiana repulsed the Confederate advance. The 15th Indiana counter charged, and killed or captured nearly an entire regiment of Adams's brigade (173 prisoners were captured by the 15th Indiana from the 20th Louisiana Infantry). Corporal Banks carried the flag so far forward into the attack that a Lieutenant Davis (likely 1st Lt. Andrew F. Davis) had to physically pull him back. The counter charge was costly, with 30 killed and nearly 100 wounded in the regiment. On 3 January, after the Confederates sustained tremendous losses from Union artillery, and with fresh Union reinforcements joining the battle, Gen. Bragg moved his Confederate army south to Tullahoma, TN. The regimental flag of the 15th Indiana was tattered and torn, shot through by 52 balls and a cannon ball, and its flag staff was shattered. Banks himself sustained no wounds, but he had two holes in his hat, four in his shirt, his haversack was shot through, and his canteen shot off his body. After the battle, the ragged regimental colors were sent back to Indianapolis. Altogether, from the 447 men of the 15th Indiana who started the battle, 205 were killed and wounded. 45 men were killed during the battle, with more deaths of the wounded following afterwards.
The taking and the siege of Chattanooga
After the winter battle at Stones River, and participating in the summer campaign to route CSA troops from the mountain passes in middle Tennessee, Wagner's Second Brigade moved toward Chattanooga on 16 August 1863 with the rest of the Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. Rosecrans. As part of the Chickamauga Campaign, the Second Brigade was still in the XXIst Corps under Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden. Crittenden occupied Chattanooga on 9 September, and then moved his forces to Rossville over the Georgia border. Since Bragg's army was moving south, Rosecrans thought they were retreating to Rome, GA. He ordered Crittenden to leave one brigade in Chattanooga (the Second Brigade), and move the rest of his Corps to Ringgold, GA. George Banks was therefore in Chattanooga during the devastating Battle of Chickamauga. After the Pyrrhic victory at Chickamauga, Gen. Bragg surrounded the Union troops at Chattanooga, and cut off most of their supply lines. On 17 October, Ulysses Grant was placed in charge of all western forces by Lincoln, and on the 19th he relieved Rosecrans of command, putting Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas is charge of the Army of the Cumberland.
The supply lines to Chattanooga had been poor for most of October. The troops were eating the food meant for the horses and mules, and all the starving cattle had to be eaten. On 24 October, Grant approved a plan by Brig. Gen. William "Baldy" Smith to build a pontoon bridge across the Tennessee River west of Chattanooga at Brown's Ferry. On 27 October, with the military cover of Brig. General William B. Hazen. Once this path was open, the well-known "cracker line" brought in more supplies to the encircled army in Chattanooga, and allowed in a relief column of 20,000 troops from the Army of the Potomac, led by Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker.
Heroism at the Battle of Missionary Ridge
On 23 November 1863, Grant order Gen. Thomas to make a reconnaissance in force toward Missionary Ridge to test the Confederate line. Thomas took the prominence called Orchard Knob from the Confederates with 14,000 men, and Grant then ordered the Army of the Cumberland to hold its position along this line east of the town. After this action, CSA Gen. Bragg realigned many of his troops. Rather than choosing either the base or the top of Missionary Ridge, the forces were split, so that half the divisions were in rifle pits at the base, while the rest occupied a line at the physical crest of the ridge. This last action was an error, because without the CSA cannons and breastworks on the "military crest" farther down the slope, an uncovered zone existed for Unions troops part way up the hill.
The next day, 24 November,
Service and Fraternal Facts
Helped to organize the first school district (No.91) in Fawn Creek Township, Montgomery County, Kansas (Duncan, Connelley)
Financed and supervised the building of a school in Fawn Creek, named "The Banks School House" in his honor (Duncan, Connelley). Former location: 37.015537,-95.728900
Acted as the first clerk of the school district (Duncan)
Was a member of the school board (Connelley).
Donated land in Graydon, Chambers, Texas to build a school in 1915. George Banks is mentioned on Texas State historic plaque number 12651. Link. Town location per 1928 topographic map: 29.70343,-94.664319. Historical marker location: 29.690845, -94.674809
Party: Republican (Chapman, Duncan, Connelley)
Justice of the Peace in Fawn Creek for two terms (Chapman), which was 6 years (Connelley). Retired from that office in 1882 (Connelley).
Fawn Creek Township Trustee sometime after 1872 (Chapman, Connelley gives start after retiring from JOP position in 1882)
Filled all offices in Fawn Creek Township (Duncan).
Kansas State representative from Montgomery County for two terms, 1905 to 1907 (Connelley and below)
Kansas State representative: Banks, George L.
Born: October 13, 1839 in Lake County, Indiana. [in error]
Died: August 20, 1924 in Independence, Kansas.
Occupation: Farmer/Real Estate and Loan businessman
Chamber: House 1905, 1907, SS1908
Member of I. O. O. F. (Odd Fellows) in Michigan (Chapman)
Member of "subordinate lodge" Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Kansas, 1903 (Duncan, Connelley)
Member of the Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.)
In Michigan belonged to Joseph Rice Post No. 282 at Camden, MI (Chapman).
Was a member of McPherson Post No. 4 in Independence, KS. In 1903 was commander of Southeast Kansas Association (Duncan, Connelley).
Junior Vice Department Commander of the Department of Kansas G.A.R in 1913, Post No. 4 Independence (Journal of the 32nd Annual Encampment 1913, Connelley)
Member of Anti Horse Thief Association (in 1903, Duncan, Connelley)
- Lake County, Ohio — Parents moved to Ohio in 1836 (Chapman). 1840 census.
- Laporte County, Indiana (Center Township) — 1845 (Chapman, Connelley). 1850 census.
- Lake County, Indiana — George was 14 (Chapman), so after Oct 1853.
- St. Anthony, Minnesota (aka St. Anthony Falls, today the Minneapolis neighborhood of St. Anthony West).
- Northern Michigan, 1857
- Lake County, Indiana — 1860 census.
- (Civil War)
- Lake County, Indiana — returned home from the war on 9 Oct 1864 (Chapman). 1870 census.
- Fawn Creek Township, Montgomery County, Kansas, 1871 (Kansas, Connelley), May 1871 (Duncan), or 1872 (Chapman). He bought 160 acres in the township by preemption claim (Homestead Act of 1862). Remained for 15 years (Duncan), or 16 years (Connelley). 1880 census.
- Angola, Indiana, Fall 1886 (Connelley), December 1886 (Duncan, Kansas). Exchanged his hotel in Angola for the farm property in Michigan (Connelley).
- Camden Township, Hillsdale County, Michigan, Spring 1887 (Chapman, Kansas). Also owned 80 acres of land in Muskegon County, and town property in Camden, MI. (Chapman). Remained 6 years (Duncan, Connelley).
- Montgomery County, Kansas, (farm) approx. 1892-1894 ("two years", Connelley).
- Independence, Montgomery, Kansas, (in town) 1892-1895 (Duncan), 1894-1896 ("two years", Connelley)
- Montgomery County, Kansas, (farm) 1895 (Duncan), 1896-1903 (Connelley). Section 8, township 33S, range 15E (Independence Township), where he owned 160 acres (a quarter section, likely the NW quarter where oil fields are present, or the SW adjacent to Section 17) (Duncan). Centroid of section: 37.1895197,-95.7924580. He also owned 80 acres (two quarter quarters) in Section 17 of the same township. (Duncan) Centroid of section: 37.1750350,-95.7924172. 1900 census.
- 417 North Fifth Street, Independence, Montgomery, Kansas. 1903 (Connelley), before 1910 (Census). Was living there in 1918 (Connelley). Probably moved to town due to the death of his first wife. 1910 census, 1920 census.
- Concurrently to the above home, he owned a 240 acre farm near Bolton, KS (Connelley). This is most likely the 160 acres in section 8 and the 80 acres in section 17 mentioned by Duncan above. (town location: 37.157715,-95.806913). He also owned 160 acres south of Dearing, KS, and 300 acres in Chambers County, Texas (all Connelley). His brother Charles died in Chambers County in 1910, so this last may have been his land.
- Census (year) = Federal census record with year
- Chapman = Portrait and biographical album of Hillsdale County, Mich: containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the governors of the state, and of the presidents of the United States. p.554–555 (Chicago: Chapman Bros., 1888) [ transcript ]
- Connelley = A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans, written and compiled by William E. Connelley, Secretary of the Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, copyright 1918 [online transcript KSGenWeb]
- Duncan = History of Montgomery County, Kansas, By Its Own People, published by L. Wallace Duncan, Iola, Kansas, 1903, pgs. 468-470 [online transcript Rootsweb]
- Flags = Indiana Battle Flags, with speeches and letters by George Banks.
- Kansas = William N. Banks entry — Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 3, Issue 1, 1912.
- Paint = Petroleum Notes, Paint, Oil & Drug Review, Vol. 37, No. 3, Page 16, Chicago, Wednesday, January 20, 1904.
Internet links and sources