Wilmot Township, located in the southwestern corner of Waterloo County, began to be settled in 1824. The township was divided into three blocks lying parallel to each other: Block A in the south, the German Block in the centre, and Block B in the north. The German Block was controlled by the Crown and settled mostly by immigrants of German heritage including those from Pennsylvania, Europe, and Waterloo Township. Amish Mennonites made up its first group of settlers.
Blocks A and B were acquired by the Canada Land Company in 1825 and incorporated with the German Block. The three blocks were then given the name Wilmot Township. Blocks A and B continued to be controlled by the Canada Land Company. They also obtained settlers who were immigrants of German heritage, but immigrants from Scotland, England and Ireland were present as well.
As far as is known, Wilmot Township retained all of its land and its name when Waterloo County was restructured into the Regional Municipality of Waterloo in 1973.
The map of Waterloo County circa 1951 from Ontario Archives locates the communities and physical features of the county. (Click at the bottom of the page to see the map enlarged.)
A sketchmap from Ontario GenWeb gives an outline of the townships.
The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.
Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.
Vital Records after 1869
Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1914 are now available [October 2012]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Land Records and Wills
Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.
Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.
The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada. All of the original census (1851-1911) images are online with the exception of that for 1861. Not all of them are indexed. Later censuses are not yet available. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited.
E-books and Books