Place:Sztum, Pomorze, Poland

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NameSztum
Alt namesStuhmsource: Rand McNally Atlas (1991) I-169
TypeTown
Coordinates53.917°N 19.0°E
Located inPomorze, Poland
Also located inGdańsk, Poland    
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sztum is a town in northern Poland, located in the Pomeranian Voivodeship. It is the capital of Sztum County, with some 10,141 inhabitants (2004).

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Signs of settlement dating back to the Roman Empire era have been found. In the early Middle Ages a fortified settlement of the Prussian people existed at the site, conquered by the Teutonic Knights in 1236. City rights were granted to the settlement in 1416.

In 1466 the town with other western Prussian territory passed to the crown of Poland as part of Royal Prussia. As part of Poland, the town functioned as a seat of Sztum powiat in Malbork Voivodeship (1466-1772) and a place to hold local court sessions. In 1635 the Treaty of Stuhmsdorf was signed in the village of Stuhmsdorf (now Sztumska Wies, just south of the city of Sztum).

In 1772 during the time of the First Partition of Poland the town became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1871 it became part of the newly created German Empire.

According to the Treaty of Versailles after World War I the inhabitants were asked whether they want to remain in Germany or join the new Second Polish Republic in the East Prussian plebiscite on 11 July 1920, 19,984 votes were given to remain in Germany, 4,904 votes for Poland. Based on that result Stuhm was included in the Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder within East Prussia.

Towards and after the end of World War II, the German inhabitants fled or were expelled like most of the German population in the region. At the end of the war, the town, along with the rest of southern East Prussia, was assigned to Poland by the Potsdam Conference under territorial changes proposed by the USSR. The city was resettled by Poles, many of them, expellees from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union.

Number of inhabitants by year

Year Number
1789 509
1831 956
1875 2,145
1880 2,210
1890 2,265
1905 2,557
1933 6,147
1939 7,374
1943 7,099
2006 9,945

Note that the above table is based on primary, possibly biased, sources.

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