Place:Serbia and Montenegro

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NameSerbia and Montenegro
Alt namesFederal Republic of Yugoslaviasource: Times Map of the Balkans (1993); Two Republics, Washington Post (1992)
Federativna Republika Jugoslavijasource: Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 752
Iugoslaviasource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 284
Iugosláviasource: Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) p 790
Joegoslaviësource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) p 878
Jugoslaviasource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 1365
Jugoslavijasource: Britannica Book of the Year (1994) p 752; Shanks, International Atlas (1991) p 402
Jugoslawiensource: Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) p 1579
Serbia y Montenegrosource: Embajada de México Serbia y Montenegro (2000-)
Serbian-Montenegransource: UC Berkeley Library, Serbian and Montenegran News Sources (2001) p 30 July 2003
Serbien und Montenegrosource: Auswärtiges Amt Deutschland (2003-) accessed 30 July 2003
Srbija-Crna Gorasource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Yougoslaviesource: Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) p 634
Yugoslaviasource: Britannica Book of the Year (1992) p 736; Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 722-723; Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 616, 850 & 1041 ff.; Europe, National Geographic (1992) map supplement; Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 81; Times Atlas of the World (1994) plate 49, H8; Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-110; UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 92
TypeNation
Coordinates44°N 21°E
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Serbia and Montenegro was a country in Southeast Europe, created from the two remaining republics of Yugoslavia after its breakup in 1991. The republics of Serbia and Montenegro together established a federation in 1992 as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). In 2003, it was reconstituted as a state union officially known as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.

The FRY aspired to be a sole legal successor to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, but those claims were opposed by other former republics. The United Nations also denied its request to automatically continue the membership of the former state. Eventually, after the overthrow of Slobodan Milošević from power as president of the federation in 2000, the country rescinded those aspirations and accepted the opinion of Badinter Arbitration Committee about shared succession, and reapplied for and gained UN membership on 2 November 2000. From 1992 to 2000, some countries, including the United States, referred to the FRY as "Serbia and Montenegro".

The FRY was initially dominated by Slobodan Milošević as President of Serbia (1989–1997) and then President of Yugoslavia (1997–2000). Milošević installed and forced the removal of several federal presidents (such as Dobrica Ćosić) and prime ministers (Milan Panić).[1] However, Montenegrin government, initially enthusiastic supporters of Milošević, started gradually distancing themselves from his policies. That culminated in regime change in 1996, when his former ally Milo Đukanović reversed his policies, became leader of Montenegro ruling party and subsequently dismissed former Montenegrin leader Momir Bulatović, who remained loyal to the Milošević regime. As Bulatović was given central positions in Belgrade from that time (as federal Prime Minister), Đukanović continued to govern Montenegro and further isolated it from Serbia, so that from 1996 to 2006, Montenegro and Serbia were only nominally one country — governance at every feasible level was conducted locally (Belgrade for Serbia and Podgorica for Montenegro).

A loose union, Serbia and Montenegro were united only in certain realms, such as defense. The two constituent republics functioned separately throughout the period of the Federal Republic, and continued to operate under separate economic policies, as well as using separate currencies (the euro was the only legal tender in Montenegro). On 21 May 2006, the Montenegrin independence referendum was held, and 55.5% of voters voted in favor of independence. The state union effectively came to an end after Montenegro's formal declaration of independence on 3 June 2006, and Serbia's formal declaration of independence on 5 June. After the dissolution, Serbia became the legal successor of the union, while Montenegro re-applied for membership in international organizations.

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