Place:Romania

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NameRomania
Alt namesDaciasource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 217 & II, 791 ff.; Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 341
Republica Socialistă Româniasource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 544-545
Roemeniësource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) p 657
Româniasource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Romêniasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 320
Roumaniasource: Wikipedia
Roumaniesource: Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) p 661; UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 76
Rumaniasource: Wikipedia
Rumäniensource: Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) I, 503
Socialist Republic of Romaniasource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) X, 156 ff.; NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
TypeNation
Coordinates46°N 25°E
Contained Places
Administrative region/city
Izmail
Capital city
Kishinev
County
Alba
Arad
Argeș
Bacău
Bihor
Bistrița-Năsăud
Botoșani
Brașov
Brăila
Buzău
Caraș-Severin
Cluj
Constanța
Covasna
Călărași
Dolj
Dâmbovița
Galați
Giurgiu
Gorj
Harghita
Hunedoara
Ialomița
Iași
Ilfov
Maramureș
Mehedinți
Mureș
Neamț
Olt
Prahova
Satu Mare
Sibiu
Suceava
Sălaj
Teleorman
Timiș
Tulcea
Vaslui
Vrancea
Vâlcea
Former county
Bălți
Cahul ( 1918 - 1948 )
Cernăuți ( 1918 - 1945 )
Cetatea-Albă ( 1918 - 1945 )
Chișinău ( 1918 - 1945 )
Dorohoi ( 1918 - 1940 )
Hotin ( 1918 - 1945 )
Ismail ( 1918 - 1945 )
Lăpușna ( 1918 - 1945 )
Odorheiu ( 1918 - 1948 )
Orhei ( 1918 - 1945 )
Rădăuți ( 1918 - 1948 )
Soroca ( 1918 - 1945 )
Storojineț ( 1918 - 1945 )
Tighina ( 1918 - 1945 )
Târnava-Mare ( 1920 - 1948 )
Historical district
Izmail
Khotin ( 1918 - 1940 )
Kishinev
Historical province
Bessarabia ( 1918 - 1939 )
Bessarabia ( 1859 - )
Inhabited place
Calvaser
Dobrich ( 1913 - 1940 )
Khotin ( 1918 - 1940 )
Seica Mare
Municipality
Bucureşti
Region
Basarabia
Crișana
Dobrogea
Transilvania ( 1918 - )
Valahia
Ţinutul Mării ( 1938 - 1940 )
Țara Românească
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Romania, occasionally spelled Rumania, and formerly also spelled Roumania is a unitary semi-presidential republic located in Southeastern-Central Europe, north of the Balkan Peninsula and on the western shore of the Black Sea. It borders Hungary, Serbia, Ukraine, Moldova, and Bulgaria. It covers and has a temperate-continental climate. With its 20.1 million inhabitants, it is the seventh most populous member of the European Union. Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth largest city in the European Union.

Modern Romania emerged within the territories of the ancient Roman province of Dacia, and was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. At the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the sovereign Kingdom of Romania. At the end of World War II, territories which today roughly correspond to the Republic of Moldova were occupied by the Soviet Union, and a few years later Romania became a socialist republic and member of the Warsaw Pact. After the 1989 Revolution, Romania began a transition back towards democracy and a capitalist market economy.

Following rapid economic growth in the 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom. Living standards have improved, and currently, Romania is an upper-middle income country with a high Human Development Index. It has been a member of NATO since 2004, and part of the European Union since 2007. Around 90% of the population identify themselves as Eastern Orthodox Christians, and are native speakers of Romanian, a Romance language. With a rich cultural history, Romania has been the home of influential artists, musicians, and inventors, and features a variety of tourist attractions such as "Dracula's Castle".

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