Place:Pike, Illinois, United States

NamePike
Alt namesPikesource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates39.6°N 90.817°W
Located inIllinois, United States     (1821 - )
See alsoMadison, Illinois, United StatesParent county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Pike County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 16,430, which is a decrease of 5.5% from 17,384 in 2000. Its county seat is Pittsfield.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Pike County was formed on January 31, 1821 out of Madison County. It was named in honor of Zebulon Pike, leader of the Pike expedition in 1806 to map out the south and west portions of the Louisiana Purchase. Pike served at the Battle of Tippecanoe, and was killed in 1813 in the War of 1812.

Prior to the coming of the first European settler to Pike County, French traders, hunters, and travelers passed through the native forests and prairies. Originally Pike County began on the south junction of the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. The east boundary was the Illinois River north to the Kankakee River to the Indiana State line on north to Wisconsin territorial line and then west to the Mississippi River to the original point at the south end. The first county seat was Cole's Grove, a post town, in what later became Calhoun County. The Gazetteer of Illinois and Missouri, published in 1822, mentioned Chicago as "a village of Pike County" containing 12 or 15 houses and about 60 or 70 inhabitants.

The New Philadelphia Town Site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 2009. It was the first town founded by an African American before the American Civil War. Frank McWorter was an early free black settler in Pike County. He had invested in land there sight unseen after purchasing the first few members of his family out of slavery. In 1836 he founded the town of New Philadelphia, near Barry, Illinois. He was elected mayor and lived there the rest of his life. With the sale of land, he made enough money to purchase the freedom of his children. After the railroad bypassed the town, its growth slowed and it was eventually abandoned in the 20th century. The town site is now an archaeological dig.

In the early 21st century Pike County acquired notability as a center for the whitetail deer hunting industry, especially bowhunting.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1818 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1819 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1821 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1821 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1827 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1830 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1830 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1876 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1830 2,396
1840 11,728
1850 18,819
1860 27,249
1870 30,768
1880 33,751
1890 31,000
1900 31,595
1910 28,622
1920 26,866
1930 24,357
1940 25,340
1950 22,155
1960 20,552
1970 19,185
1980 18,896
1990 17,577


Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Pike County, Illinois, United States


Research Tips

External Links

  • Outstanding guide to Pike County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, censuses, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, naturalizations, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • www.pikeil.org/


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Pike County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.