Lincoln's New Salem State Historic Site, in Menard County, Illinois, a reconstruction of the former village of New Salem, where Abraham Lincoln lived from 1831 to 1837. While in his 20s, the future U.S. President made his living in this frontier village as a boatman, soldier in the Black Hawk War, general store owner, postmaster, surveyor, and rail splitter, and was first elected to the Illinois General Assembly.
Lincoln left New Salem for Springfield in 1837, and the village was generally abandoned by about 1840, as other towns developed. In the 1930s, the Civilian Conservation Corps built a historic recreation of New Salem based on its original foundations, establishing a state park commemorating Lincoln and Illinois' frontier history. The village is located northwest of Springfield, and approximately south of Petersburg.