New Salem is the historically recreated townsite of Abraham Lincoln's, 19th century, frontier village in Menard County (previously part of Sangamon County), Illinois, United States. During his 20s, in the 1830s, this was the homestead of the future U.S. President. Here, Lincoln earned a living as a boatman, shopkeeper, soldier in the Black Hawk War, general store owner, postmaster, land surveyor, rail splitter, and was first elected to the Illinois General Assembly. Lincoln moved away to the nearby capital of Springfield around 1837.
New Salem was recreated as a historic village in the 1930s, based on the original foundations. The first village was generally abandoned about 1840, as other towns developed. The village is located northwest of Springfield, and approximately south of Petersburg. (The present village of New Salem in Pike County, Illinois is an unrelated community.)