Monkton is a compact rural community in the former Township of Elma in Perth County in Ontario, Canada. Since the municipal reorganization of 2001 it has been located in the municipality or Township of North Perth.
Monkton is a community in Perth County, Ontario, Canada. Monkton is geographically west of Milverton. The village is located on the intersection of County Roads 55 and 23. Monkton is 20 kilometers southwest of Listowel on County Road 23. Home of the Monkton Wildcats Senior Hockey Club of the WOAA. Monkton is situated partly in Logan but largely in Elma, owes its origin to the construction of the Logan gravel road. In 1857 Mr. T. M. Daly, who was contractor on the highway, erected a blacksmith shop, the first building in Monkton. With Mr. Daly as clerk was a young man named Dunsmore, now Dr. Dunsmore, of Stratford, who erected a store. Almost simultaneously sprang up two hotels-one in Logan the other in Elma. During 1857 a sawmill was built by Mr. Winstanley, who had obtained a grant of 1.000 acres in 1855 in aid of this project. At this time also arrived James McKenzie, who opened a post office. A number of settlers were now gathered around this new village, amongst whom were the families of Dobbs, Stewart, Holman, Golightly, McKenzie, Merryfield, and Reice. Meantime educational facilities were demanded. The Church, through an old pioneer preacher, was putting forth her efforts in this new field. In support of these conditions, the store which had been erected by Mr. Dunsmore was transformed from an emporium for distributing material things to a place for disseminating educational and religious requirements. In 1870 another school was erected, which in 1888 was replaced by the present structure. On completion of the gravel road a stage route was opened from Mitchell to Newry, which is still continued daily as a means of transmitting mail matter between these points. In 1883 a third hotel was built. Monkton at one period had a match factory, two saw mills, planing mill, shingle mill, tannery, with several business houses. It is still a pretty country village, containing an excellent hotel, some beautiful residences, and good business places. The surrounding country is unexcelled for agricultural purposes
The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.
Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.
Vital Records after 1869
Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1914 are now available [October 2012]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Land Records and Wills
Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.
Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.
The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada. All of the original census (1851-1911) images are online with the exception of that for 1861. Not all of them are indexed. Later censuses are not yet available. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited.
E-books and Books