Place:Lithuania

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NameLithuania
Alt namesLietuvasource: Wikipedia
Lietuvos Respublikasource: Wikipedia
Litauensource: Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) p 1174
Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Repuplicsource: Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-131
Lithuanian SSRsource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 288
Lithuaniesource: Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) p 298
Litouwensource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 402
Litovskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaya Respublicasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-131
Litovskayasource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 367-368
Lituaniasource: Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) p 860
Lituâniasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Litvasource: Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961); Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Litva SSRsource: Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Litwasource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 524-525
Republic of Lithuaniasource: Wikipedia
TypeNation
Coordinates56°N 24°E
Contained Places
County
Alytus
Kaunas
Klaipėda
Kovna
Marijampolė
Panevėžys
Tauragė
Telšiai
Utena
Vilnius
Šiauliai
District municipality
Gargzdai
General region
Žemaitija
Historical province
Grodno
Kovna
Suvalki
Vil′na ( 1991 - )
Inhabited place
Dubingiai
Liškiava
Palūšė
Punia
Visaginas
Vištytis
Šiluva
Municipality
Elektrėnai
Province
Grodno
Unknown
Aleksandrava
Aleksandravėlė
Antakalnis
Audruliai
Aukštadvaris
Aukštoji Panemunė
Babriškis
Babtai
Bagaslaviškis
Barskiai
Batakiai
Bezdonys
Bublišké
Budelkiemiś
Butrimonys (Alytus)
Butrimonys (Salcinilcia)
Daniliškės
Darsūniškis
Deltuva
Didieji Ibėnai
Dirvupiai
Dovilai
Dvarčius
Dūkšos
Gailiūnai
Gegobrasta
Geisiškės
Gelvonai
Gelžiniai
Gojus
Grinkiškis
Inturkė
Jašiūnai
Jokūbonys
Josvainiai
Juodžiai
Kairiai
Kalotė
Kalveliai
Kapčiamiestis
Karališkiai
Karklė
Kasikėnai
Katyčiai
Kaunatava
Kazitiškis
Keidan
Kintai
Klemiškė
Kolainiai
Komisarovka
Kopgalis
Krakės
Kretingalė
Kruonis
Laibiškės
Lazarčiy
Leipalingis
Maineivos
Melnrage
Meteliai
Mikalavas
Miroslavas
Mitrofanovka
Musninkai
Mūro Strėvininkai
Naujadvaris
Naujamiestis
Naujoji Vilnia
Nemunaitis
Paberžė
Padubysys
Paežeriai
Pamūšis
Papilys
Perelozai
Pilviškiai
Plaškiai
Plikiai
Pumpėnai
Pušalotas
Rimkai
Rudamina
Rukianiai
Rumšiškės
Salamiestis
Salkininkai
Sartininkai
Seiminiškiai
Seirijai
Sendvaris
Sipailiškis
Slapžemiai
Stakliškės
Sudargas
Sudmantai
Surdegis
Sėlinai
Turgeliai
Užliekniai
Užpaliai
Užusaliai
Užusaliiai
Vadžgirys
Vaidaugai
Vanagai
Veliuona
Verdainė
Veselova
Veveriškiai
Viešvilė
Vilijampolė
Vilkiškiai
Vingis
Virgainiai
Vitė
Vytaučiai
Zapyškis
Čekiškė
Čiobiškis
Šakiai (Sakiai)
Šakiai
Šereiklaukis
Šešuoliai
Šnipiškės
Šumskas
Šventežeris
Švobiškis
Žardė
Žasliai
Žeimelis
Žemoji Panemunė
Žižmai
Žvyriai
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Lithuania officially the Republic of Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe, the largest of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 3 million as of 2013, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. The Lithuanians are a Baltic people, and the official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages (together with Latvian) in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family.

For centuries, the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea was inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, the King of Lithuania, and the first unified Lithuanian state, the Kingdom of Lithuania, was created on 6 July 1253. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe: present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were the territories of the Grand Duchy. With the Lublin Union of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighboring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory.

As World War I neared its end, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the establishment of a sovereign State of Lithuania. Starting in 1940, Lithuania was occupied first by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As World War II neared its end in 1944 and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, a year before formal break-up of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Soviet republic to declare the restoration of independent State of Lithuania.

Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, a full member of the Schengen Agreement and NATO. It is also a member of the Nordic Investment Bank, and part of Nordic-Baltic cooperation of Northern European countries. The United Nations Human Development Index lists Lithuania as a "very high human development" country. Lithuania has been among the fastest growing economies in the European Union and is ranked 17th in the world in the Ease of Doing Business Index.

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