Alt namesKirghizsource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 481
Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republicsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 614
Kirghiz SSRsource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 347
Kirgisistansource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Kirgiz SSRsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Kirgiziasource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 615
Kirgizijasource: Columbia Encyclopedia (1975); Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961); USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Kirgiziya SSRsource: Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Kirgizskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublikasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-120
Kirgizskayasource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 332
Kirgizstansource: Family History Library Catalog
Kirguistánsource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) Corrigendum, 28 July 1993, 2
Kirguiziasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Kyrgyz Republicsource: Wikipedia
Kyrgyzstan Respublikasysource: Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 647
Quirguistãosource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Republic of Kyrgyzstansource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
República Kirguisiasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) Corrigendum, 28 July 1993, 2
Coordinates41°N 75°E
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Kyrgyzstan ( ; Kyrgyzstan; or Кыргызстан), officially the Kyrgyz Republic ( Kyrgyz Respublikasy; Kyrgyzskaya Respublika), formerly known as Kirghizia, is a country located in Central Asia. Landlocked and mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek.

Kyrgyzstan's history spans over 2,000 years, encompassing a variety of cultures and empires. Although geographically isolated by its highly mountainous terrain – which has helped preserve its ancient culture – Kyrgyzstan has historically been at the crossroads of several great civilizations, namely as part of the Silk Road and other commercial and cultural routes. Though long inhabited by a succession of independent tribes and clans, Kyrgyzstan has periodically come under foreign domination due to its strategic location, attaining sovereignty as a nation-state only after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Since independence, Kyrgyzstan has officially been a unitary parliamentary republic, although it continues to endure ethnic conflicts, revolts, economic troubles, transitional governments, and political party conflicts. Kyrgyzstan is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Turkic Council, the TÜRKSOY community and the United Nations.

Ethnic Kyrgyz make up the majority of the country's 5.7 million people, followed by significant minorities of Uzbeks and Russians. The official language, Kyrgyz, is closely related to the other Turkic languages, although Russian remains widely spoken, a legacy of a century-long policy of Russification. The majority of the population (64 percent) are nondenominational Muslims. In addition to its Turkic origins, Kyrgz culture bears elements of Persian, Mongolian, and Russian influence.


How places in Kyrgyzstan are organized

All places in Kyrgyzstan

Further information on historical place organization in Kyrgyzstan

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