Place:Hunwick and Helmington, Durham, England

NameHunwick and Helmington
Alt namesHunwicksource: village in township and parish
TypeTownship, Civil parish
Coordinates54.683°N 1.7°W
Located inDurham, England
See alsoAuckland St. Andrew, Durham, Englandancient parish in which it was a township
Darlington Ward, Durham, Englandancient county division in which it was located
Auckland Rural, Durham, Englandrural district of which it was part 1894-1974
Wear Valley District, Durham, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area 1974-2009
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Hunwick is a semi-rural village in County Durham, England. There are actually two villages that are often referred to collectively as Hunwick, Hunwick and New Hunwick although it is generally accepted that the two villages are now as one. In the 2001 census Hunwick had a population of 952.

Hunwick is an ancient village dating from Saxon times when it belonged to the Cathedral church of Durham. Hunwick stands between Bishop Auckland and Crook. It was later given to the Earls of Northumberland, but it returned to the ownership of the church when Henry VIII re-endowed Durham cathedral. The village itself was probably destroyed during the Harrying of the North in the late 11th century, and was rebuilt with two rows of houses arranged around the village green.

end of Wikipedia contribution

Hunwick was originally a township and chapelry in the ancient parish of Auckland St. Andrew in County Durham. It became a separate civil parish in 1866. From 1894 it was part of Auckland Rural District. Between 1974 and 2009 it became part of the larger Wear Valley non-metropolitan district. Since 2009 County Durham has been a unitary authority.

At some point the name of the civil parish changed to Hunwick and Helmington, noting the existence of the village of Helmington within the parish. However, Helmington Row was a separate parish based on a separate village to the north and was a township in Brancepeth ancient parish.

A nineteenth century description

A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Hunwick from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:

"HUNWICK, a village, a township, and a chapelry in Auckland-St. Andrew parish, Durham. The village stands near the river Wear, and the Sunderland and Bishop-Auckland railway, 2½ miles NW by N of Bishop Auckland; and has a station on the railway. The township includes also Helmington, and bears the name of Hunwick and Helmington. Acres: 1,560. Real property: £8,132; of which £5,967 are in mines, and £134 in quarries. Population in 1851: 486; in 1861: 1,203. Houses: 227. The increase of population was caused chiefly by the opening of new collieries.
"The chapelry is larger than the township, and was constituted in 1845. Post town, Bishop Auckland. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Durham. Value: £300. Patron: the Incumbent of Auckland-St. Andrew."

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