Place:Gwalior, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India

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NameGwalior
TypeCity or town
Located inGwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Gwalior is a historical and major city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is located to the south of Agra, south of Delhi the capital city of India, and north of Bhopal, the state capital. Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of India, and the city and its fortress have served as the center of several of historic northern Indian kingdoms. It is famous for Gwalior Fort, which has changed hands many times. From the Tomaras in the 8th century, it passed to the Mughals, then the Marathas under the Scindias (1754).

Besides being the Administrative Headquarters of Gwalior district and Gwalior division, Gwalior also hosts some administrative offices of Chambal Division. Gwalior also hosts several Administrative Headquarters of the State as well the Country; Few of them are The High Court of Madhya-Pradesh (Gwalior Bench), Office of The Narcotics Commissioner of India (Central Bureau of Narcotics), Office of The Accountant-General (AG) of Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The President-Board of Revenue of Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The Transport-Commissioner of Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The Commissioner-Land Records & Settlements Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The State Excise Commissioner of Madhya-Pradesh etc. Gwalior also hosts Premiere Government Institutions like Defense Research & Development Establishment(DRDE), Country's only Border Security Force (BSF) Academy, National Cadet Corps (NCC) Officer's Training Academy(OTA). Gwalior also features a major Indian Air Force (IAF) Station, A major Indian Army Cantonment (Morar Cantt.), Central Intelligence Bureau HO. Numerous Colleges and Universities are located in Gwalior including NRIITM Gwalior, IIITM Gwalior & IITTM Gwalior.

Gwalior is surrounded by industrial and commercial zones of neighbouring districts (Malanpur – Bhind, Banmor – Morena) on all three main directions. Gwalior is one of the largest city of Central India and is often referred to as the tourist capital of the Madhya-Pradesh; The State being called as The Heart of Incredible India.

Gwalior Airport , also called Rajmata Vijya Raje Scindia Vimantal, is the airport of Gwalior. It has an Indian Air Force Base which stations Mirage fighters.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Gwalior temple has the very first occurrence of zero as a written number in the world. Gwalior may have been held by the Guptas or some of their disciples, but the oldest historical evidence shows the fort was conquered by the Hunas in the early sixth century. The evidence for this is a stone inscription of the time of Mihirakula recording the construction of a temple to the sun god. It is now in India Museum, Calcutta. Subsequently, Gwalior was taken by Gurjar Pratihars of Kannauj. From inscription found such as Rakhetra stone inscription, scholars assert that Gwalior was under the possession of Gurjara Pratiharas until at least 942 AD.

In the 10th century, after Gurjara Pratiharas, Gwalior was taken by the Kachwaha Rajputs. Qutb-ud-din Aybak captured the city in 1196. Shamsud-din Altamsh took control of the area in 1232. By the 15th century, the city had a noted singing school which was attended by Tansen. Gwalior was ruled by the Mughals and then the Marathas.

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