Place:Grain, Kent, England

Watchers
NameGrain
Alt namesIsle of Grainsource: Family History Library Catalog
St. Jamessource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeParish (ancient), Civil parish
Coordinates51.467°N 0.7°E
Located inKent, England
See alsoChatham and Gillingham Hundred, Kent, Englandancient county division in which it was located
Hoo Hundred, Kent, Englandancient county division in which it was located
Hoo Rural, Kent, Englandrural district of which it was a part 1894-1934
Strood Rural, Kent, Englandrural district of which it was a part 1934-1974
Rochester upon Medway, Kent, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area 1974-1998
Medway, Kent, Englandunitary authority covering the area since 1998
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Isle of Grain (Old English Greon meaning gravel) is the easternmost point of the Hoo Peninsula in the district of Medway in Kent. No longer an island, the Isle is almost all marshland and the Grain marshes are a major habitat for diverse wetland birds. The Isle constitutes a civil parish, which at the 2011 census had a population of 1,648, a net decrease of 83 people in 10 years.

Grain was a civil parish in Hoo Rural District from 1894 until 1934, in Strood Rural District from 1934 until 1974. It was part of the non-metropolitan Rochester upon Medway district 1974-1998, and the Medway unitary authority since 1998.

Because of its location adjacent to the Hoo Peninsula, it is often considered part of the Hoo Hundred as well as of the Chatham and Gillingham Hundred.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Extract from the Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland by John Gorton, 1833:

"GRAINE, ISLE OF, co. Kent
"A parish in the Hundred of Hoo, lathe of Aylesford, opposite to Sheppey at the mouth of the Thames; it is about it is about three miles and a half long, and two and a half broad and is formed by Yantlet Creek running from the Medway to the Thames. The Creek was filled up, and had a road across it for 40 years until 1823, when the Lord Mayor ordered it to be again reopened, so as to give about eight feet navigation for barges at spring tide; thus saving a distance of fourteen miles into the Medway, and avoiding the danger of going round by the Nore."

The closure of the road caused considerable anger among the residents of the Island and it was later reopened. The goods route from the Medway Towns to the upper Thames Estuary was later shortened by the Thames and Medway Canal, although this route, too, has been abandoned.

In 1855, as part of military defences guarding the Thames, Grain Tower, a fort, was built. It remained in use until 1946, having been used during both World Wars.

In various warm years the incidence of "marsh fever" (malaria) was extremely high. Since the removal of livestock from marshy areas, the population of native mosquitoes has greatly declined, and Britain's last recorded outbreak of malaria was in 1918.

Yantlet Creek at the south of the Yantlet Line was the downstream limit of the City of London's ownership of the bed of the River Thames. It is marked by a London Stone beside the mouth of the creek. Its successor for navigation purposes, the Port of London Authority, also owns the river bed up to here but has navigation policing rights on a debatable area of estuary of sea to the seaside resort of Margate which is of completely normal sea salinity.

Research Tips

  • Kent County Council Archive, Local Studies and Museums Service. James Whatman Way, Maidstone, Kent ME14 1LQ. This incorporates the Centre for Kentish Studies in Maidstone and the East Kent Archives Centre near Dover.
  • Canterbury Cathedral Archives see the Archives web pages on the Canterbury Catherdral site.
  • For information on the area around the Medway Towns, have a look at Medway Council's CityArk site.
  • Ordnance Survey Maps of England and Wales - Revised: Kent illustrates the parish boundaries of Kent when rural districts were still in existence and before Greater London came into being. The map publication year is 1931. An earlier map of 1900 may also be useful. The maps blow up to show all the parishes and many of the small villages and hamlets. Maps in this series are now downloadable for personal use.
  • Steve Archer has produced a very useful round-up of the available census records for Kent - and where/from whom they are available.
  • Registration Districts in Kent for the period 1837 to the present. By drilling down through the links you can follow any parish through the registration districts to which it was attached.
  • Bishop's Transcripts for Kent parishes, 1558-1887, can be found on FamilySearch since February 2016
  • The Kent Family History Society and the North West Kent Family History Society are the most dominant, but there are also
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Isle of Grain. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.