Place:Gaston, North Carolina, United States

Watchers
NameGaston
Alt namesGastonsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates35.3°N 81.2°W
Located inNorth Carolina, United States     (1846 - )
See alsoLincoln, North Carolina, United StatesParent county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Gaston County is a county located just west of Charlotte (Mecklenburg County) in the southern Piedmont in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 206,086. It is the third largest county, by population, in the Charlotte Metropolitan Area, behind Mecklenburg County and York County, SC.

The county seat of Gaston County is Gastonia. Dallas served as the original county seat from 1846 until 1911.

Of North Carolina's one hundred counties, Gaston County ranks 74th in size, consisting of approximately , and is seventh in population. The county has fifteen incorporated towns.[1]

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The earliest European settlers of Gaston County were principally Scots Irish, Pennsylvania Dutch, and English. In the 1750s, Dutch settler James Kuykendall and others constructed the Fort at the Point at the junction of the Catawba and South Fork Rivers. The fort was built because of ongoing hostilities with the Cherokee, but it was apparently never attacked. Tensions between the settlers and the Native American inhabitants (primarily of the Catawba tribe) were eased considerably when the boundary dispute between North Carolina and South Carolina was settled in 1772, after which most of the Catawba settled on a reservation near Fort Mill, South Carolina.

Most early farms were small, cultivated primarily by White yeoman farmers of English ancestry. North Carolina's colonial policy restricted the size of land grants, and in Gaston County they tended to be about each. One of the earliest grants in the area was given to Captain Samuel Cobrin, commander of a local militia company, on September 29, 1750.

Gaston County was founded in 1846. It is named for William Gaston, member of the state supreme court.

Between 1845 and 1848, Gaston County experienced an industrial boom. During this three-year period, the first three cotton mills in the County were established. Some authorities say that the first one was established by Thomas R. Tate on Mountain Island, near the present site of Duke Energy's Mountain Island Dam and Hydroelectric Station. Other sources say that the first mill was established by the Linebergers and others on the South Fork River near McAdenville. Most sources agree that among the first three mills in operation in the County was the Stowesville Mill, founded by Jasper Stowe and Associates in the South Point Community south of Belmont. Gaston County still leads all other counties in the country both in the number of spindles in operation and in the number of bales of cotton consumed.[1]

Timeline

Date Event Source
1839 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1846 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1846 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1847 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1848 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1850 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1850 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1850 8,073
1860 9,307
1870 12,602
1880 14,254
1890 17,764
1900 27,903
1910 37,063
1920 51,242
1930 78,093
1940 87,531
1950 110,836
1960 127,074
1970 148,415
1980 162,568
1990 175,093

Research Tips

The Gaston Lincoln Regional Library has on-line Research Guides for Genealogy and Local History at http://www.glrl.lib.nc.us/lrgs/genealogy.htm, [1].

External links

www.co.gaston.nc.us


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