Place:Galicia, Poland


Alt namesKingdom of Galicia and Lodomeriasource: Wikipedia
Located inPoland

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Galicia (; ; ; ; ; , Galitsiya/Galichina; Rusyn: Галичина, Halychyna; ; , Halychyna; , Galytsye) is a historical and geographic region in Central Europe, once a small kingdom that currently straddles the border between Poland and Ukraine. The area, which is named after the medieval city of Halych, was first mentioned in Hungarian historic chronicles in the year 1206 as Galiciæ.

The nucleus of Galicia lies within the modern regions of western Ukraine: Lviv, Ternopil and Ivano-Frankivsk near the contemporary Ukrainian city of Halych. In the 18th century, territories that later became part of the modern Polish regions of Lesser Poland Voivodeship and Subcarpathian Voivodeship were added to Galicia.

There is considerable overlap between Galicia and Ruthenia (Rusyn Rusynы, Rusyny; Rus' ; Slovakian Rusyna), a cross-border region inhabited by various nationalities, including the Rusyn minority, especially Zakarpattia Oblast (the Transcarpathian Region) of southwestern Ukraine. In this modern sense, "Ruthenia" straddles western Ukraine, Poland and Slovakia.


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The territory was settled by the East Slavs in the early middle ages and, in the 12th century, a Rurikid Principality of Halych (Halicz, Halics, Galich, Galic) formed there, merged in the end of the century with the neighboring Volhynia into the Principality of Halych Volhynia, that existed for a century and a half. By 1352, when the principality was partitioned between the Polish Kingdom and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, most of Galicia belonged to the Polish Crown, where it still remained after the 1569 union between Poland and Lithuania. Upon the partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1772, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, or simply Galicia, became the largest, most populous, and northernmost province of the Austrian Empire, where it remained until the dissolution of Austria-Hungary at the end of World War I in 1918.

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