Place:Fairfield, South Carolina, United States

NameFairfield
Alt namesFairfield countysource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Fairfield Districtsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS45031540
TypeCounty
Coordinates34.483°N 81.1°W
Located inSouth Carolina, United States     (1800 - )
See alsoKershaw, South Carolina, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Camden (district), South Carolina, United States
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


Fairfield is a county.

Contents

Timeline

Date Event Source
1784 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1785 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1787 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1800 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1911 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1915 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1920 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 7,623
1800 10,087
1810 11,857
1820 17,174
1830 21,546
1840 20,165
1850 21,404
1860 22,111
1870 19,888
1880 27,765
1890 28,599
1900 29,425
1910 29,442
1920 27,159
1930 23,287
1940 24,187
1950 21,780
1960 20,713
1970 19,999
1980 20,700
1990 22,295

Research Tips

Fairfield Archives & History

113 N Vanderhorst St.,
P.O. Box 941, Winnsboro,
South Carolina, 29180

Email: frg13@msn.com

Hours of Opperation: Wednesdays 10:30 am to 4.30 pm, closed for lunch 12.30 pm to 1:30 pm. Close on Wenesdays before holidays. It is best to check open dates before a visit.


History

Fairfield county was formed in 1785 as a part of Camden District (See Old Fairfield County). When Camden District was abolished in 1800, Fairfield County became known as Fairfield District. In 1868, it was again called Fairfield County. Its lines have remained unchanged to this day [1927] except for a small portion ceded to Richland County in 1913. The town of Winnsboro, which was settled around 1755, is the county seat.

Fairfield County lies between the upcountry and the lowcountry areas of the state, and beginning in 1745 it was settled both by Scots-Irish immigrants from colonies to the north (primarily Pennsylvania and Virginia) and by English and French Huguenot planters from the lowcountry. In the colonial period this area was a center for the Regulator movement, which sought to bring law and order to the backcountry. During the Revolutionary War, Lord Cornwallis made his headquarters in Winnsboro from October 1780 to January 1781; the county was also invaded by General Sherman's troops during the Civil War.

See: Fairfield County, South Carolina for additional information, including maps.

External links

  • Outstanding guide to Fairfield County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, censuses, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • www.sccounties.org/counties/Fairfield.htm


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