|Alt names||Hampstead Norris||source: Wikipedia, British History Online|
|Hampstead-Norris||source: Family History Library Catalog|
|Bothampstead||source: settlement in parish|
|Eling||source: settlement in parish|
|Wyld Court||source: settlement in parish|
|Located in||Berkshire, England|
|See also||Faircross Hundred, Berkshire, England||hundred in which it was located|
|Wantage Rural, Berkshire, England||rural district in which it was located 1894-1974|
|Newbury District, Berkshire, England||administrative district in which the parish was located 1974-1998|
|West Berkshire District, Berkshire, England||administrative district and unitary authority in which the parish has been located since 1998|
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia
Hampstead Norreys (alternatively spelt Hampstead Norris as it is pronounced) is a village and civil parish in Berkshire, England. It is centred on the small tributary the River Pang, north of Newbury. The civil parish covers an area of 17.03 km2 (6.58 sq mi) and had a population of 832 according to the UK census of 2011.
As well as the nucleus of Hampstead Norreys, the parish includes the hamlets or localities of Bothampstead, Eling and Wyld Court. The village is noted for its Norman parish church and the remains of a Norman motte-and-bailey castle in the nearby woods.
- end of Wikipedia contribution
A Vision of Britain through Time notes that Hampstead Norreys was considerably reduced in area in 1948 when the new civil parish of Hermitage was created and was abolished altogether in 1969 with more acreage going to Hermitage. However, Wikipedia describes it has a current parish. An inspection of the Ordnance Survey map of 1944 shows Hampstead Norreys to be T-shaped with Eling and Wyld Court both in the upper part of the "T". Hermitage may have only acquired the base of the "T".
The word Norreys (also spelt Norris) may refer to various members of, or estates belonging to, a landed family chiefly seated in the English counties of Berkshire and Lancashire and the Irish county of Cork. Wikipedia] has a list of notable people in the family and the estates with which they were associated. The Victoria County History of Berkshire provided by British History Online, has a long article on the parish which covers the ownership of the manors within it.
Hampstead Norreys was originally an ancient parish in the Faircross Hundred. Between 1894 and 1974 it was located in Wantage Rural District. In the nationwide reorganization of local government of 1974, it became part of the non-metropolitan Newbury District. In 1998 the Newbury District was replaced by the unitary authority of West Berkshire.
- GENUKI's collection of maps for Berkshire. For basic reference are the two online maps Berkshire Parishes (highly recommended) and Berkshire Poor Law Union areas. These locate the individual parishes and indicate the urban and rural districts to which each belonged. There are many other maps listed, some covering specific parts of the county.
- Wikipedia's outline map of the unitary authorities, shown on many of their Berkshire pages, shows how the new divisions of government relate to the former districts. It has to be remembered that the county was reshaped in 1974 with the urban and rural districts of Abingdon and Faringdon and part of Wantage going to Oxfordshire, and the Borough of Slough (with Eton) coming in from Buckinghamshire. Every attempt is being made to indicate here in WeRelate the civil parishes, towns and villages for which these transfers occurred. Currently there are maps to be found on place pages that deal with civil parishes that transferred from Buckinghamshire into Berkshire. It is planned to provide maps within WeRelate for places that transferred from Berkshire to Oxfordshire--a much wider geographical area.
- The extensive collection provided by Genmaps is provided free of charge online (currently offline, March 2016).
- The Ordnance Survey has produced an up-to-date map of the boundaries of all the post-1974 districts throughout the country. This also shows the electoral constituency boundaries which are destined to change before 2020.
Online Historical References
- Berkshire Record Office. The Berkshire Record Office [BRO] was established in 1948 to locate and preserve records relating to the county of Berkshire and its people, and anyone who is interested in the county's past. As well as original documents, catalogues and indexes, there is a library at the Record Office.
- Berkshire Family History Society Research Centre. "The Berks FHS Centre can help you - wherever your ancestors came from. There is a Research Centre Library open to all."
- West Berkshire Museum, Newbury, is housed in a building with an interesting past, but is currently closed for redevelopment. No information on their collections.
- The GENUKI provision for Berkshire has been updated more recently than that for some of the other counties. A member of the Berkshire Family History Society is credited with this revision.
- The FamilySearch Wiki on Berkshire explains the jurisdictions relating to civil affairs, parishes and probate (wills and testaments) for each parish in the county and also outlines when these jurisdictions were in existence. Alterations required to cover the post-1974 period have not been carried out for every parish concerned.
- Brett Langston's list of Registration Districts in Berkshire will lead to specific parishes with dates.
- Local History Online is a compilation of websites from Berkshire local history clubs, societies and associations.
- The Berkshire section of The Victoria History of the Counties of England, in four volumes, is provided by British History Online. Volumes 3 and 4 provide an extensive history of the county, parish by parish, up to the end of the 19th century. There are local maps illustrating the text. Manors and their owners are discussed. Parishes are arranged in their original "hundreds"; the hundred for each placename in the Berkshire section of WeRelate will eventually be available.
Nineteenth Century Local Administration
English Jurisdictions is a webpage provided by FamilySearch which analyses every ecclesiastical parish in England at the year 1851. It provides, with the aid of outline maps, the date at which parish records and bishops transcripts begin, non-conformist denominations with a chapel within the parish, the names of the jurisdictions in charge: county, civil registration district, probate court, diocese, rural deanery, poor law union, hundred, church province; and links to FamilySearch historical records, FamilySearch Catalog and the FamilySearch Wiki. Two limitations: only England, and at the year 1851.
During the 19th century two bodies, the Poor Law Union and the Sanitary District, had responsibility for governmental functions at a level immediately above that covered by the civil parish. In 1894 these were replace by Rural and Urban Districts. These were elected bodies, responsible for setting local property assessments and taxes as well as for carrying out their specified duties. Thses districts continued in operation until 1974. Urban districts for larger municipalities were called "Municipal Boroughs" and had additional powers and obligations.
Poor Law Unions, established nationally in 1834, combined parishes together for the purpose of providing relief for the needy who had no family support. This led to the building of '"union poorhouses" or "workhouses" funded by all the parishes in the union. The geographical boundaries established for the individual Poor Law Unions were employed again when Registration Districts were formed three years later. In 1875 Sanitary Districts were formed to provide services such as clean water supply, sewage systems, street cleaning, and the clearance of slum housing. These also tended to follow the same geographical boundaries, although there were local alterations caused by changes in population distribution.
Categories: Berkshire, England | Hampstead Norreys, Berkshire, England | Faircross Hundred, Berkshire, England | Wantage Rural, Berkshire, England | Newbury District, Berkshire, England | West Berkshire District, Berkshire, England