The Columbiana County portion of Columbiana is part of the East Liverpool–Salem Micropolitan Statistical Area, while the Mahoning County portion is part of the Youngstown–Warren–Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Columbiana is a suburb south of Youngstown, Ohio. Columbiana was the home of an early settler by the name of Joshua Dixon. He came to Fairfield Township in 1798, Joshua platted the village of Columbiana on August 21, 1803. Columbiana had a railroad and three stores by 1831. The Elementary school in the city is named in his honor. The Village of Columbiana became The City of Columbiana in 2000.
Columbiana was the birthplace of Harvey S. Firestone, who founded the Firestone rubber company in Akron, Ohio. There is still a Firestone tractor-tire test facility a few miles northeast of the city, and many town facilities are named after him. Columbiana is also known for the Shaker Woods Festival, held annually in August, which features some of the best crafters and artisans in the country. Another major town event is the Columbiana Street Fair, a civic festival hosted by American Legion Post #290. It is held the Thursday - Saturday following Labor Day.