The Columbiana County portion of Columbiana is part of the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, while the Mahoning County portion is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Columbiana was laid out by Joshua Dixon in 1805. Columbiana had a railroad and three stores by 1831. Columbiana was incorporated as a village in 1837. The village officially became a city in 2000.
Columbiana was the birthplace of Harvey S. Firestone, who founded the Firestone rubber company in Akron, Ohio. There is still a Firestone tractor-tire test facility a few miles northeast of the city, and many town facilities are named after him. Columbiana is also known for the Shaker Woods Festival, held annually in August, which features some of the best crafters and artisans in the country. Another major town event is the Columbiana Street Fair, a civic festival hosted by American Legion Post #290. It is held the Thursday - Saturday following Labor Day.