Place:Chesterfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts, United States

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NameChesterfield
Alt namesChesterfield Centresource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS25001332
TypeTown
Coordinates42.383°N 72.833°W
Located inHampshire, Massachusetts, United States
Contained Places
Cemetery
Center Cemetery
Mount Cemetery
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Chesterfield is a rural hill town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States, 28 miles southeast of Pittsfield and 108 miles west of Boston. The population was 1,201 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Chesterfield was first settled in 1760 and was officially incorporated in 1762. It was named after the Earl of Chesterfield. The town center, established after the Revolution, has well-preserved Federal Period houses along Main Road. In its early days, the town supported a largely agricultural economy, with wool from Merino sheep as a major product. However, there were sawmills and tanneries in operation as well as cloth dressing mills, and in the early 19th century these superseded farming and brought in a small immigrant population that was mostly Irish. Progress wiped out most of the industry in Chesterfield and by the start of the 20th century a re-emerging agricultural economy developed alongside the growing trade from summer residents.

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