Place:Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, United States

NameCherokee Nation
Located inIndian Territory, United States
Contained Places
Greenville ( - 1777 )
Former county
Pendleton ( - 1777 )

The Cherokee were one of the Five Civilized Tribes removed by the Jackson Administration in the 1830s from the southeastern United States to the area north of the Red River from the Republic of Texas and west of Arkansas in what is now northeast Oklahoma, centered on present-day Tahlequah (the capital of the Creek Nation as a modern political entity -- which is not quite the same thing as the historical tribe of the 1830s). Even after this area was organized as Indian Territory, white settlers continued to infiltrate both from Texas and from the United States, as well as traders and missionaries (especially Methodists).