- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Cavendish is a village and civil parish in the Stour Valley in Suffolk, England. It is from Bury St Edmunds and from Newmarket.
It is believed that Cavendish is called so because a man called Cafa used to own a pasture or 'edisc' there, and it therefore became known as Cafa's Edisc and eventually Cavendish. It was home to Sir John Cavendish, the ancestor of the Dukes of Devonshire who was involved in suppressing the Peasants' Revolt. Wat Tyler, the peasants' leader was arrested by William Walworth, the Mayor of London, for threatening King Richard II in 1381. As Tyler fought back Cavendish's son, also called John Cavendish, who was responsible for escorting the King, ran Tyler through with his sword, killing him. As a result, John Cavendish tried to flee from the pursuing peasants, and he hung on to the handle of the door of St Mary's Church, Cavendish, to plead sanctuary. A few days later, on 15 June 1381, the elder John Cavendish was seized at Bury St Edmunds and beheaded by a mob led by Jack Straw. He is buried in Bury St Edmunds. St. Mary's Church had a bequest from Sir John, and its chancel was restored.
The village has a United Reformed Church, where Catholic services are also held, and three pubs - the Five Bells, the George and the Bull. Leonard Cheshire and his wife Sue Ryder are buried in Cavendish. The museum at Cavendish is now closed but history of the Sue Ryder Foundation, now Sue Ryder, and life at the Cavendish home may be obtained from the Sue Ryder legacy and history team. As Cavendish was begun as a home for concentration camp survivors the charity holds some records of the people who were rescued by Sue Ryder.